Importan Current Affairs for CLAT-10th October 2022

EAM S Jaishankar launches book “Modi@20: Dreams Meet Delivery” in Auckland

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar participated in the New Zealand launch of the Book “Modi@20: Dreams Meet Delivery”. Jaishankar has authored one of the chapters of the book Modi@20: Dreams Meet Delivery which was launched on 11th May 2022. He also participated in the Kiwi Indian Hall of Fame Awards 2022.

Key Points related to the Modi@20: Dreams Meet Delivery

  • The book Modi@20: Dreams Meet Delivery was launched on 11th May 2022 at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi by the then Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu.

  • It is a collection of Twenty chapters written by twenty-two domain dignitaries from Home Minister Amit Shah to National Security Advisor Ajit Doval and Sudha Murty and others.

  • The book highlight minute details about the country’s progression and consist of the journey of that man, who dedicated his whole life to the people of India.

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi completed 20 continuous years of the Head of Government-to-Government in 2021.

  • The book is named after him and consists of Modi Ji’s achievements, the fundamental transformation of Gujarat at the state level, and the development of India.

ISRO’s Chandrayaan-2 spectrometer maps abundance of sodium on moon for first time

Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter’s X-ray spectrometer ‘CLASS’ has mapped an abundance of sodium on the moon for the first time, as per the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). As Chandrayaan-1’s X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (C1XS) detected sodium from its characteristic line in X-rays, this opened up the possibility of mapping the amount of sodium on the Moon.

How Chandrayaan-2 mapped abundance of sodium?

  • The abundance of sodium was mapped in a recent work published in ‘The Astrophysical Journal Letters’ for the first time using CLASS (Chandrayaan-2 Large Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer), the national space agency. Built at the U R Rao Satellite Centre of ISRO in Bengaluru, CLASS provides clean signatures of the sodium line thanks to its high sensitivity and performance,”.

  • A part of the signal could be arising from a thin veneer of sodium atoms weakly bound to the lunar grains, the study finds. These sodium atoms can be nudged out of the surface by solar wind or ultraviolet radiation more easily than if they were part of the lunar minerals. Also shown is a diurnal variation of the surface sodium that would explain the continuous supply of atoms to the exosphere, sustaining it.

  • An interesting aspect that widens the interest in this alkali element is its presence in the wispy atmosphere of the moon, a region so thin that the atoms there rarely meet. This region, termed an ‘exosphere’, begins at the surface of the moon and extends several thousand kilometres merging into the interplanetary space.

  • The new findings from Chandrayaan-2, provide an avenue to study surface-exosphere interaction on the moon, which would aid development of similar models for mercury and other airless bodies in our solar system and beyond.

Pankaj Advani wins his record 25th World title in Kuala Lumpur

Indian cueist, Pankaj Advani defended his World Billiards Championships (150-up) title for the 5th time, beating compatriot Sourav Kothari in the best-of-7 frames final at the High End Snooker Club in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia for a record 25th title at the global level. Pankaj’s last world title came over 12 months ago in Qatar where he won the IBSF Six-Red Snooker World Cup.

How Advani wins the final match?

In the first frame, Advani made his intentions clear that this title was his from word go. He opened the proceedings without any delay to secure the first frame with a 149 break while his opponent, who is still seeking his maiden IBSF World title, had yet to score a point in the 150-up format. The best-of-seven summit clash saw Advani compete fiercely to ensure he completed a billiards National-Asian-World golden trifecta in the same calendar year for a record fifth time. The second frame went Advani’s way after Kothari failed to capitalize with the limited chances given to him by his worthy opponent. With the help of a 77 break, Advani was halfway home with a 2-0 lead. There on, Advani turned on the heat, mesmerizing the Malaysian crowd with some fine billiards. Advanis craftsmanship saw him make the tournaments highest break of 153 in the third, bringing himself one frame away from familiar glory.


Chhattisgarh CM Bhupesh Baghel inaugurates Chhattisgarh Olympic

Chhattisgarh chief minister Bhupesh Baghel has inaugurated the state’s own Olympics. The aim is to provide a centerstage to the village level sports so that a feeling of pride for the culture is inculcated. Secondly, to channelise the energy of the local youths which is very important for our society, Baghel inaugurated the grand multi-sport event at Balbir Singh Juneja Indoor Stadium in Raipur, claiming to revive the age-old-tradition of traditional games namely ‘langdi’, ‘bhaura’, ‘bati’ (kancha), and ‘pitthul’. The event will continue till January 6, 2023 and as many as 14 types of traditional sports have been included in the team and individual categories of separate age groups.

Chhattisgarh Olympic: Key Points

  • The traditional sports competition of Chhattisgarh will be held in group and singles categories. A total 14 types of traditional sports have been included in the Chhattisgarh Olympics 2022-23.

  • The games falling under the team category include gilli-danda, pitthul, sankhali, langdi-race, kabaddi, kho-Kho and kancha.

  • Similarly, games under the Individual category include billas, fugdi, gedi race, bhaura (Indian spinning top), 100-meters race and long jump.

  • The ‘Chhattisgarhiya Olympics’ will be organised at six levels.

  • The first is the village level that will be of ‘Rajiv Yuva Mitan Club’. The second is the zonal level in which there will be a club comprising eight Rajiv Yuva Mitan clubs. Similarly, at the development block/urban cluster level, district level, divisional level, and lastly at the state level.

  • Besides, there are three age group categories including the first category for participants till the age of 18 years, the second for the participants under 18-40 years of age group, and lastly for participants above 40 years of age.

  • The state government also issued a rule book and they have been sent to each district.

IREDA celebrates “Cyber Jaagrukta Diwas”

To create cybersecurity awareness among all employees, Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. (IREDA) observed the “Cyber Jaagrukta Diwas”. On this occasion, Shri Alok Kumar, Information Security Consultant, AKS IT Services, shared his insights with IREDA employees on the practice of cyber hygiene.

What Is The Purpose Of This Event:

Cyber Jaagrukta Diwas is an initiative launched by the Ministry of Home Affairs that requires all government organizations to spread cybersecurity awareness. It is observed on first Wednesday of every month. The purpose is to create awareness and sensitize the Internet users on safeguarding against cyber frauds and cybercrimes.

What Is Cyber Jaagrukta Diwas:

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has requested all offices/branches/sections, PSUs, etc., to observe Cyber Jagrookta (Awareness) Diwas on the first Wednesday of every month and prepare an Annual Action Plan in this regard. All the concerned organizations are requested to observe Cyber Jagrookta Diwas by generating cybersecurity awareness through seminars, workshops, quiz competitions, interactive sessions, case studies, creative sessions, and best practices.

Why Cyber Jaagrukta Diwas is Necessary:

In this age of technology, cyber security is a new challenge, hence, to design and construct all our clients’ centralized procedures and assist them in implementing them in their organizations. The following are a few key processes that must be followed to comply with the regulations: a. A major Indian oil PSU suffered a cyber attack disrupting its operations 01 in Assam and received a ransom demand of ₹57 crores b. In 2021, a suspected Pakistani group launched phishing attacks on India’s Critical Infrastructure PSUs from the telecom, power and finance sectors c. CERT-In reported a total of 11.5 lakh and 12.1 lakh cybersecurity incidents during 2020 and 2021 (up to October) respectively d. Of these, 54,314 and 32,736 incidents involved various government organizations in 2020 and 2021 respectively.

World Mental Health Day 2022 Observed on 10 OctoberWorld Mental Health Day 2022

World Mental Health Day is observed on October 10 every year. On this day, various programs are designed to draw attention to mental health issues and their effects on those affected and the lives of their caregivers. In India, World Mental Health Day is marked on the final day of the Mental Health Awareness Campaign Week campaign, launched last year by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

World Mental Health Day 2022: Theme

The theme or rather the slogan for 2022’s celebration of World Mental health Day is “Make mental health & well-being for all a global priority.” World Health Organisation (WHO) mentions that before the COVID-19 pandemic, about one in eight people worldwide suffered from mental issues. Proper infrastructural and economic support for mental health, however, was lacking. The global pandemic raised mental stress for people all over the world. Lives were left permanently altered by the virus. Recent armed conflicts between nations and religious violence have added to this stress.

World Mental Health Day 2022: Significance

World Mental Health Day is to create awareness about mental health issues across the globe and to inspire the global citizenry to support the cause of mental health. The celebration ensures that mental health as an issue is highlighted and stays in the public consciousness. The day creates opportunities for mental health care professionals to discuss their work and find ways to ensure mental health care reaches people worldwide.

World Mental Health Day: History

World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) is a non-governmental organisation founded in 1948. The then WFMH Deputy Secretary General Richard Hunter initiated the first celebration of World Mental Health Day on October 10, 1992. From 1994 onwards, a special theme was selected each year for the global event.

5th Assembly of International Solar Alliance to be held in New Delhi

5th Assembly of International Solar Alliance: The curtain raiser for the 5th Assembly of International Solar Alliance and associated side activities, which will take place in New Delhi from October 17–20, 2022, was unveiled by Union Minister for Power and New and Renewable Energy RK Singh. According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India currently holds the position of President of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) Assembly.

5th Assembly of International Solar Alliance: Key Points

  • This gathering will feature ministers, missions, and delegations from 109 Member and Signatory Countries. R.K. Singh, Union Minister for Power, New and Renewable Energy, will preside over the assembly.

  • Singh stated in his speech that India is undergoing the world’s fastest energy transition.

  • The International Solar Alliance is very necessary to achieve the energy transition objective for our planet.

  • As the cheapest form of energy, solar and mini-grids, according to the Minister, are the solution to ensuring that everyone in the globe has access to electricity.

  • In addition, the Minister stated in his speech that International Solar Alliance (ISA) is a crucial tool for fulfilling international commitments on the energy transition.

  • Every Member Country is represented in the 5th Assembly of International Solar Alliance (ISA), which is the highest decision-making body of the International Solar Alliance (ISA).

  • This group decides how the ISA’s Framework Agreement will be put into practise and what coordinated efforts will be needed to accomplish the goal. Annually, the Assembly convenes at the International Solar Alliance (ISA)‘s headquarters at the ministerial level.

  • It evaluates the overall impact of the programmes and other actions on the deployment of solar energy, as well as on performance, dependability, cost, and financial scope.

Strategy of the 5th Assembly of International Solar Alliance:

  • Energy access, energy security, and energy transformation are three crucial problems that will be discussed at the ISA’s 5th Assembly of International Solar Alliance.

  • The strategic strategy of the ISA in programmatic assistance for LDC and SIDS Member Countries, capacity building support to all developing Member Countries, and analytics & advocacy help to all Member Countries will also be covered by world leaders from ISA Member Countries.

  • There should be more agreement among nations to promote solar energy following the 5th Assembly of International Solar Alliance.

  • The energy transformation will be supported by increased international collaboration, which will drive investment and generate millions of new green jobs during this important decade of climate action.