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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-14th December 2022

National Energy Conservation Day 2022: 14 December

National Energy Conservation Day 2022:

The National Energy Conservation Day is celebrated every year on 14th December 2022. The purpose is to showcase the achievements of the nation in energy efficiency and conservation. This occasion has been celebrated since 1991 when is led by the Ministry of power. This day is celebrated to raise awareness regarding the conservation of energy as it is the best way to have a greener and brighter future.

National Energy Conservation Day: History

The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under the power ministry of India, launched the National Energy Conservation Awards in 1991 to recognise the contribution of industries and establishments in reducing energy consumption while maintaining their production through awards. The first time the awards were given away was on December 14, 1991. Since then, the day has been declared as National Energy Conservation Day. These awards are given away by eminent dignitaries at a function organised every year on the same day.

BEE spearheads the celebrations on National Energy Conservation Day every year. The primary objective to celebrate the day is to drive mass awareness about the importance of energy efficiency and conservation. Conservation of energy will reduce the strain on the environment and bring down electricity and expanses.

In 2022, National Energy Conservation Day :

Smt Droupadi Murmu, Hon’ble President of India will be the Chief Guest of the event. Shri R. K. Singh, Union Minister of Power, New & Renewable Energy will address the occasion. Shri Krishan Pal, Minister of State for Power & Heavy Industries and Shri Alok Kumar, Secretary, Ministry of Power will also be present. Hon’ble President of India will felicitate the winners of National Energy Conservation Awards, National Energy Efficiency Innovation Awards, National Painting Competition Prizes an also launch EV Yatra Portal on the occasion.

The main attractions of the event will be:

  • National Energy Conservation Awards (NECA) 2022

  • National Energy Efficiency Innovation Awards (NEEIA) 2022

  • National painting competition for school children 2022

  • Launch of ‘EV-Yatra portal’ and mobile app

  • Session on emerging new technologies in the area of energy efficiency

About the ‘EV-YATRA PORTAL’ and Mobile App:

Bureau of Energy Efficiency has developed a Mobile Application to facilitate in-vehicle navigation to the nearest public EV charger, a website to disseminate information on various central and state-level initiatives to promote e-mobility in the country, and a web-portal to enable CPOs to register their charging details securely into the National Online Database.

The Mobile application titled “EV Yatra” has been designed and developed to facilitate in-vehicle navigation to the nearest public EV charger. This Mobile application can be easily downloaded on both iPhone and Android smartphones from Google play store and Apple Store and installed conveniently.

Chief Justice of India Inaugurates Digitisation Hubs in 10 districts of Odisha

Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud virtually inaugurated 10 district court digitisation hubs (DCDH) in Odisha, and said that modernisation of judiciary is the need of the hour.

More About This:

With this inauguration, a total of 15 DCDHs have now become functional in the state, with each catering to a neighbouring district, thus covering all 30 district courts.

  • The hubs at Angul, Bhadrak, Jharsuguda, Kalahandi, Keonjhar, Koraput, Malkangiri, Mayurbhanj, Nayagarh and Sonepur, will take care of digitisation work of all 30 districts of the state.

  • Each DCDH will be assigned the task of digitizing the surrounding districts.

  • Initially, four District Court Digitization Centres (DCDC) were set up on a pilot basis in Cuttack, Ganjam, Sambalpur and Balasore districts on April 30, 2021.

More Technology, More Efficiency:

Appreciating the information and communication technology (ICT) measures adopted by the Orissa High Court under the leadership of its Chief Justice S Muralidhar, he said, “Digitisation should be accompanied by a push for e-filing of cases.”

Digitization makes access to records easier for authorized persons and also ensures systematic information keeping, security of documents and records and reduction in the time taken to locate documents.

Odisha’s Achievement:

Orissa High Court, with its digitisation initiatives, is now a “role model” for all other high courts of the country. Very soon, the Orissa High Court would be mentoring the entire judiciary of the nation in the field of digitisation.

Prime Minister Launched Projects Worth Rs 75,000 Cr in Maharashtra

Prime Minister Narendra Modi to lay the foundation stone and inaugurate projects worth Rs 75,000 crores in Maharashtra. According to the Prime Minister’s Office, PM Modi inaugurated Phase-I of Hindu Hrudaysamrat Balasaheb Thackeray Maharashtra Samruddhi Mahamarg, covering a distance of 520 Kms and connecting Nagpur and Shirdi.

More About This :

  • In yet another step that will revolutionise urban mobility, Prime Minister will dedicate ‘Nagpur Metro Phase I’ to the nation. He will flag off two metro trains – from Khapri to Automotive Square (Orange Line) and from Prajapati Nagar to Lokmanya Nagar (Aqua line) – at Khapri Metro Station. Phase I of the Nagpur Metro is developed at a cost of more than Rs 8650 crore. Prime Minister will also lay the foundation stone of Nagpur Metro Phase- II, which will be developed at a cost of more than Rs 6700 crore.

  • Prime Minister’s commitment to strengthen health infrastructure across the country will be strengthened through the dedication of AIIMS Nagpur to the nation. The Hospital, whose foundational stone was also laid by the Prime Minister in July 2017, has been established under the Central sector scheme Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana.

  • Prime Minister dedicated Government Maintenance Depot, Ajni (Nagpur) and Kohli-Narkher Section of Nagpur- Itarsi Third line project to the Nation. These projects have been developed at a cost of about Rs 110 crore and about Rs 450 crore respectively.

  • The laying of the foundation stone for the National Institute of One Health (NIO), Nagpur by the Prime Minister is a step towards building capacity and infrastructure in the country under the ‘One Health’ approach.

One Of The Longest Expressway:

The 701 Km expressway – being built at a cost of about Rs 55,000 crore – is one of India’s longest expressways, passing through Maharashtra’s 10 districts and prominent urban regions of Amravati, Aurangabad and Nashik. The expressway will also help improve the connectivity of adjoining 14 other districts, thus helping in the development of about 24 districts of the state including the regions of Vidarbha, Marathwada and North Maharashtra.

Significance Of This:

Espousing the Prime Minister’s vision of integrated planning and coordinated implementation of infrastructure connectivity projects under PM Gati Shakti, the Samruddhi Mahamarg will connect to the Delhi Mumbai Expressway, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust and tourist locations like Ajanta Ellora Caves, Shirdi, Verul, Lonar, etc.

Samruddhi Mahamarg will be a game-changer in providing a major boost to the economic development of Maharashtra.

Prime Minister will lay the foundation stone of the project for pollution abatement of river Nag at Nagpur. The project – under National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) – will be operationalised at a cost of more than Rs 1925 crore.

To address this issue, Prime Minister laid the foundation stone of the ‘Centre for Research, Management and Control of Haemoglobinopathies, Chandrapur’, in February 2019. Prime Minister will now dedicate to the nation the Centre, which is envisaged to become a Centre of Excellence for innovative research, technology development, human resource development, in the field of haemoglobinopathies, in the country.

Punjab Cabinet Approves Recruitment of 8,400 Candidates in Punjab Police in Four Years

Punjab Cabinet approved the recruitment of 8,400 candidates in Punjab Police in four years including 1,200 sub-inspector and 7,200 constables. The Punjab Cabinet is led by the Chief Minister of Punjab Bhagwant Mann.

The decision to recruit 8,400 Punjab Police in four years was approved after the Cabinet meeting by Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann. The government has decided to recruit youth to the posts of constables and sub-inspectors in the Punjab Police department every year.

Key Points of the Punjab Cabinet for the recruitment of 8,400 cops

  • The Punjab cabinet has approved the recruitment of 1800 constables, and 300 sub-inspector every year.

  • This decision came after recognizing the scarcity of employees.

  • Around 2.05 Lakh candidates are expected to apply for the required posts and 2,100 posts will be created every year.

  • The candidates will be given ample time to be involved in their academics and improve their physique for clearing the tests.

  • The Punjab cabinet aims to channelize the energy of youth in a positive direction.

  • The fixed schedule for the advertisement, conduct, and declaration of results for exams, will be adopted soon.

  • As per schedule, the advertisement for the exam will be issued in January.

  • The written exams will be conducted in the month of May-June and physical tests will be held in September, and the results will be announced in November every year.

  • The Cabinet has also approved the recruitment for the 710 vacant posts of patwaris in the revenue department.

The Punjab Cabinet also approved the department of Higher education and languages to hire 203 employees for NCC HQs units and centers. This will help in addressing the issue of shortage of manpower in National Cadet Corps (NCC) units. This will also facilitate the enrolment of a higher number of candidates further.

BJP’s Bhupendra Patel sworn-in as Gujarat CM for 2nd consecutive term

Bhupendra Patel took oath as the Chief Minister of Gujarat for a second straight term in Gandhinagar. He was administered oath as the 18th Chief Minister of Gujarat by Governor Acharya Devvrat. Prime minister Narendra Modi, several Union Ministers including Amit Shah, Smriti Irani, and Mansukh Mandaviya, and Chief Ministers of BJP-ruled States including Uttar Pradesh CM Yogi Adityanath and Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan attended the ceremony.

Recently, the Bharatiya Janata Party had recorded a historic lead and seventh consecutive victory in the recently concluded elections of the Gujarat Assembly, by winning 156 of the total 182 seats. Main opposition party Congress could win only 17 seats, while the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) opened account in the state legislative Assembly by winning five seats.

Important facts:

  • Patel was sworn in as the 17th Chief Minister of Gujarat on September 13, 2021.

  • Breaking his own record, Patel won the 2022 election once again from Ghatlodia constituency with a huge margin of 1,91,000 votes.

Justice Dipankar Dutta takes oath as judge of Supreme Court

Justice Dipankar Dutta has took oath as a judge of the Supreme Court. Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud administered the oath to Justice Dutta in the swearing-in ceremony in the Supreme Court in the presence of all judges. With the appointment of Justice Dutta, the Supreme Court will have 28 judges out of the strength of 34 judges. Justice Dutta will have a term till February 8, 2030.

Important points:

  • 57-year-old Justice Datta will have a nearly eight-year tenure in the Supreme court until his retirement in February 2030 at the age of 65.

  • His name was recommended by a Supreme Court Collegium led by Justice U.U. Lalit on September 26.

  • The pendency of his file with the government for well over two months had been a source of consternation for both the Supreme Court and the apex court lawyers’ community.

Career of Justice Datta:

Justice Datta was elevated to the bench of the Calcutta High Court as a permanent judge on June 22, 2006. He was made the Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court on April 28, 2020. Justice Datta is the son of late Justice Salil Kumar Datta, who served as a judge of the Calcutta High Court, and brother-in-law of Justice Amitava Roy, who was a former judge of the apex court.

RBI Shortlists 7 Global Consultancy Firms to Use AI, ML to Improve Regulatory Supervision

In its bid to extensively use advanced analytics, artificial intelligence and machine learning to analyse database and improve regulatory supervision over banks and NBFCs, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is mulling over to hire external experts.

More About this Development:

The central bank has shortlisted seven global consultancy firms, including Pricewaterhouse Coopers, McKinsey and Boston Consulting Group (India), to use artificial intelligence and machine learning for supervisory functions.

For generating supervisory inputs, RBI, in September 2022, invited expressions of interest (EoI) for engaging consultants for use of advanced analytics, artificial intelligence and machine learning. RBI has shortlisted seven applicants for participating in the request for proposal process (RFP) for the selection of consultant(s).

Who Are these 7 Companies:

The seven firms shortlisted by RBI are: Accenture Solutions Private Limited, Boston Consulting Group (India) Pvt Ltd, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LLP, Ernst and Young LLP, KPMG Assurance and Consulting Services LLP, McKinsey and Company, and Pricewaterhouse Coopers Pvt Ltd.

Need of This: Its Objective:

The central bank is already using AI and ML in supervisory processes. However, it aims to ensure that the benefits of advanced analytics can accrue to the central bank’s Department of Supervision. The Department of Supervision has been developing and using linear and a few machine-learnt models for supervisory examinations.

With the objective of assessing financial soundness, solvency, asset quality, governance framework, liquidity, and operational viability to protect depositors’ interests and financial stability, RBI undertakes supervision over banks, urban cooperative banks, NBFCs, payment banks, small finance banks, local area banks, credit information companies and select all Indian financial institutions.

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