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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-1st March 2023

Supreme Court Dismissed NEET PG 2023 Petition to Postpone Exam

NEET PG 2023: The petition seeking the demand to postpone the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test NEET PG 2023 Exam has been dismissed by the Supreme Court of India.

NEET PG 2023

NEET PG 2023: The petition seeking the demand to postpone the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test NEET PG 2023 Exam has been dismissed by the Supreme Court of India. The NEET PG 2023 exam is scheduled to take place on 5th March 2023.

The petition was filed by the NEET PG 2023 Aspirants to postpone the exam and to extend the internship cut-off date. The aspirants who are also under their internship period have demanded to postpone the NEET PG 2023 Exam as the candidates are finding it difficult to prepare for the exam and continue with their internship as well.

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NEET PG 2023 Petition Dismissed

NEET PG 2023 is scheduled to be held on 5th March 2023 and there is no change in the schedule after the plea of the aspirants has been dismissed by the Supreme Court of India. The Union Health minister Mansukh Mandaviya informed the Lok Sabha that the NEET PG 2023 exam will not be postponed.

NEET PG 2023 Dates

The NEET PG 2023 Exam will be conducted for various MD/MS and PG Diploma courses. The Admit card for the NEET PG 2023 has been released and the students can download it from the official site. The results for NEET 2023 will be declared on 31st March 2023.

The National Board of Education (NBE) informed the Supreme Court that a total of 2.09 lakh students have registered for NEET PG, and it will be difficult to hold the exam later if the NEET PG 2023 is canceled. Concerning this, the Petitioner informed the Supreme Court that if NEET PG 2023 is held on 5th March, counseling can begin only after 11th August which is the internship cut-off date.

World Civil Defence Day 2023 celebrated on 01st March

World Civil Defence Day is observed on 1st March to raise awareness about the importance of civil defence measures in protecting people and their property from natural disasters, accidents.

World Civil Defence Day 2023

World Civil Defence Day is observed on 1st March to raise awareness about the importance of civil defence measures in protecting people and their property from natural disasters, accidents, and other emergencies. The day honours the work of several civil defence organisations. The day also recognises the efforts put in by the organisations in protecting communities and saving lives. The day also recognises the contribution of civil defence personnel, who work tirelessly to ensure the safety and well-being of their communities.

World Civil Defence Day 2023: Theme

The theme for this year is “Uniting the world’s leading specialists for the safety and security of future generations”. The theme is based on the interest and importance of the role of technical systems, technological applications, and artificial intelligence techniques in determining risks related to civil protection and civil defence.

World Civil Defence Day 2023: Significance

World Civil Defence Day highlights the importance of civil defence measures undertaken in protecting people and communities from emergencies. It provides an opportunity for governments, civil society organisations, and individuals to review and assess their preparedness plans and identify areas for improvement.

World Civil Defence Day: History

In 1931, French Surgeon-General George Saint-Paul founded the Association of Geneva Zones. He was badly affected by the horrors of the First World War and thus aimed to create safety zones where people could seek protection in times of war. World Civil Defence Day was first celebrated in the year 1990 by the International Civil Defence Organisation (ICDO).

Vistara Brand To Be Discontinued With Air India Merger

Following the merger of Air India and Vistara into one-full service carrier, the merged entity will be known as Air India, which is much more recognized outside the country.

Air India, owned by the Tata group, will discontinue the Vistara brand on completion of its merger with Tata SIA Airlines Ltd, the operator of Vistara airline, chief executive and managing director Campbell Wilson said. Tata Group owns a 51 per cent stake and Singapore Airlines the rest in Vistara.

More About The Air India-Vistara Merger:

The full-service carrier will be known as Air India only, which is a much more recognisable brand outside India. Some of Vistara’s heritage would be retained in that ‘new manifestation’, said Wilson.

“The intention is to have one full-service airline and one low-cost airline in the group. The full-service airline will be an amalgam of Air India and Vistara,” Wilson said during a virtual media interaction. He added that the idea was to carry forth the heritage of both Air India and Vistara, and work is undergoing to that end.

Tata Group and Air India:

Tata Group that took over loss-making Air India in January last year, announced that Vistara will be merged with the airline, while AIX Connect, earlier known as AirAsia India will get integrated with Air India Express.

Wilson said that Vistara has a very strong recognition in the Indian market but outside of the country, Air India is much more recognised due to its 90-year history.

He said that they will retain the Maharaja brand, and that they want it to be part of the ‘future of Air India’. “It is very well loved, it will be part of our future,” said Wilson.

In the deal announced on November 29 last year, it was announced that Singapore Airlines will also acquire a 25.1 per cent stake in Air India after the Vistara merger. This will make the carrier the country’s largest international carrier and second-largest domestic carrier. The deal is expected to be completed by March 2024.

Uranium particles enriched to 83.7 per cent found in Iran: UN report

Inspectors from the United Nations nuclear watchdog found uranium particles enriched up to 83.7 per cent in Iran's underground Fordo nuclear site.

Inspectors from the United Nations nuclear watchdog found uranium particles enriched up to 83.7% in Iran’s underground Fordo nuclear site.

Report by The International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA):

The confidential quarterly report by the Vienna-based International Atomic Energy Agency distributed to member states likely will raise tensions further between Iran and the West over its nuclear program.

That’s even as Tehran already faces internal unrest after months of protests and Western anger over sending bomb-carrying drones to Russia for its war on Ukraine.

The IAEA report only speaks about “particles,” suggesting that Iran isn’t building a stockpile of uranium enriched above 60% — the level it has been enriching at for some time.

The IAEA report described inspectors discovering on Jan. 21 that two cascades of IR-6 centrifuges at Iran’s Fordo facility had been configured in a way “substantially different” to what had been previously declared.

The IAEA took samples the following day, which showed particles up to 83.7% purity, the report said.

The IAEA report also said that it would “further increase the frequency and intensity of agency verification activities” at Fordo after the discovery.

Nuclear Deal with Iran:

Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal limited Tehran’s uranium stockpile to 300 kilograms (661 pounds) and enrichment to 3.67% — enough to fuel a nuclear power plant. The U.S.’ unilateral withdraw from the accord in 2018 set in motion a series of attacks and escalations by Tehran over its program.

Iran has been producing uranium enriched to 60% purity — a level for which nonproliferation experts already say Tehran has no civilian use. The IAEA report put Iran’s uranium stockpile as of Feb. 12 at some 3,760 kilogram (8,289 pounds) — an increase of 87.1 kilograms (192 pounds) since its last quarterly report in November. Of that, 87.5 kilograms (192 pounds) is enriched up to 60% purity.

More About The 2015 Nuclear Deal: Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA):

In 2015, Iran with the P5+1 group of world powers – the USA, UK, France, China, Russia, and Germany agreed on a long-term deal on its nuclear programme.

The deal was named as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and in common parlance as Iran Nuclear Deal.

Under the deal, Iran agreed to curb its nuclear activity in return for the lifting of sanctions and access to global trade.

The agreement allowed Iran to accumulate small amounts of uranium for research but it banned the enrichment of uranium, which is used to make reactor fuel and nuclear weapons.

Iran was also required to redesign a heavy-water reactor being built, whose spent fuel could contain plutonium suitable for a bomb and to allow international inspections.

About International Atomic Energy Agency:

Widely known as the world’s “Atoms for Peace and Development” organization within the United Nations family, the IAEA is the international centre for cooperation in the nuclear field.

The IAEA was created in 1957 in response to the deep fears and expectations generated by the discoveries and diverse uses of nuclear technology.

Headquarter: Vienna, Austria.

Important facts for the competitive exams:

OFFICAL NAME: Republic of Iran

FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Islamic republic


POPULATION: 83,024,745



PRESIDENT: Ebrahim Raisi

AREA: 636,372 square miles (1,648,105 square kilometers)


MAJOR RIVERS: Karun, Karkeh, Zayandeh.

Zero Discrimination Day 2023 observed on 1st March

On Zero Discrimination Day, 1 March, we celebrate the right of everyone to live a full and productive life and live it with dignity.

Zero Discrimination Day 2023

On Zero Discrimination Day, 1 March, we celebrate the right of everyone to live a full and productive life and live it with dignity. Zero Discrimination Day highlights how people can become informed about and promote inclusion, compassion, peace and, above all, a movement for change. Zero Discrimination Day is helping to create a global movement of solidarity to end all forms of discrimination.

Discrimination based on race, gender, sexuality, age, religion, disability, and other factors violates human rights and perpetuates poverty and inequality. Every year the day is marked with a theme dedicated to it.

Zero Discrimination Day 2023: Theme

On Zero Discrimination Day this year, under the theme “Save lives: Decriminalise”, United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is highlighting how the decriminalisation of key populations and people living with HIV saves lives and helps advance the end of the AIDS pandemic.

Zero Discrimination Day: Significance

Zero Discrimination Day is observed to promote equality, inclusion, and tolerance across the globe. The day aims to highlight the importance of eliminating discrimination based on race, gender, sexuality, age, religion, disability, and other factors.

Discrimination has a profound impact on individuals, communities, and societies. It violates human rights, creates barriers to access education, healthcare, and job opportunities, and perpetuates poverty and inequality.

Zero Discrimination Day: History

In 2014, UNAIDS director Michel Sidibe launched Zero Discrimination Day on World AIDS Day, with a significant event in Beijing supported by the Chinese government, civil society, and celebrities, as well as the China Red Ribbon Foundation and Hanergy Holding Group. Similar events were planned in countries all over the world in the days leading up to March 1, 2014.

Zero Discrimination Day seeks to inspire people globally to promote and celebrate every individual’s right to live a full life with dignity, regardless of their appearance, origin, or sexual preference. The butterfly is the symbol of Zero Discrimination, which is widely recognized as a sign of transformation.

India’s GDP growth slows to 4.4% in October-December quarter

India’s economy grew 4.4% in the October-December quarter of 2022, slower than the previous three-month period of 6.3%, pointing to the impact of global headwinds and lower consumption.

India’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate fell for the second straight quarter in the October-December period, coming in at 4.4 percent, the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation said.

The 3rd Quarter(Q3) GDP Growth:

At 4.4 percent, the latest quarterly growth number is lower than the 6.3 percent growth that was recorded in the second quarter of 2022-23, which itself was less than half the 13.2 percent increase posted in April-June 2022 as the GDP growth rate benefitted from a low base in the early part of the year.

RBI’s forecasts of The Fiscal Year 2023-24 GDP Growth:

In December, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had forecast a growth rate of 4.4 percent for the last quarter of 2022. However, at the time, the central bank had projected this year’s growth rate at 6.8 percent.

But as per the statistics ministry’s first advance estimate of GDP, released in early January, India’s GDP was set to grow by 7 percent in 2022-23. The second advance estimate released by the government on February 28 has retained India’s full-year GDP growth estimate of 7 percent for this year.

Manufacturing: A cause of concern:

India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth slowed to a three-quarter low of 4.4 per cent in October-December 2022-23 primarily due to a 1.1 per cent contraction in manufacturing, along with weaker private consumption demand and government expenditure, according to data released by the National Statistical Office (NSO).

Chief Economic Adviser V Anantha Nageswaran said manufacturing, on the face of it, has slowed down but there are enough high-frequency indicators showing fairly robust manufacturing activity. “Manufacturing appears to have slowed down on the face of it due to rising input cost, but if you look at PMI (Purchasing Managers’ Index) indicators, the manufacturing sector is in good health and performance of core sector in January tells us we do have a fairly robust manufacturing growth rate in the fourth quarter,” he said.

7 percent GDP growth in this Fiscal Year(2023-24):

“India is poised to achieve 7 percent GDP growth in 2022-23 despite global slowdown,” Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) V Anantha Nageswaran said in a press briefing, after the GDP numbers were released.

“The growth momentum carried on in October-December and it was the base effect which resulted in a GDP growth rate of 4.4 percent,” the CEA added. The gross value added (GVA) growth for the third quarter came in at 4.6 percent during the third quarter, as against 5.5 percent in the July-September period.

The consumption growth for the the October-December period came in 2.1 percent, which is lower than 8.8 percent in the July-September. The capital formation growth also slipped to 8.3 percent in the third quarter, as against 9.7 percent in the second quarter of the current fiscal.

The Real & Nominal GDP Growth for This Fiscal Year(2023-24):

The country’s real GDP growth for FY23 is pegged at 7 percent, as the per the second advance estimate. This estimate is the same as shared in the first advance estimate.

The nominal GDP growth is pegged at 15.9 percent in the second advance estimate, which is up from 15.4 percent in the first advance estimate. The government has also revised down the GDP growth for the April-June quarter quarter, from 13.5 percent to 13.2 percent.

World Seagrass Day 2023 observed on 1st March

World Seagrass Day 2023 is celebrated annually on 1st March  to raise awareness about seagrass and its important functions in the marine ecosystem.

World Seagrass Day 2023

World Seagrass Day is celebrated annually on 1st March  to raise awareness about seagrass and its important functions in the marine ecosystem. The seagrasses are grass-like plants that live close to the sea. They are the only flowering plant to grow in the marine environment. There are more than 60 seagrass species in the world. They act as the best carbon sink and provide food for marine life.

The seagrasses have been declining since the 1930s. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) categorizes nearly 21% of the world’s seagrasses as near threatened or vulnerable or endangered. Pollution, coastal development activities, and land-based run-offs are degrading the seagrasses.

Why seagrass matters?

Seagrasses are marine flowering plants that are found in shallow waters in many parts of the world, from the tropics to the Arctic circle. They form extensive underwater meadows, creating complex, highly productive and biologically rich habitats.

Covering only 0.1% of the ocean floor, these seagrass meadows provide food and shelter to thousands of species of fish, seahorses, turtles, etc. and sustain some of the world’s largest fisheries. They improve water quality by filtering, cycling and storing nutrients and pollutants, reducing contamination in seafood. Highly efficient carbon sinks, they can store up to 18% of the world’s oceanic carbon, making them a powerful nature-based solutions to tackle climate change impacts. Because they buffer ocean acidification, they contribute to the resilience of the most vulnerable ecosystems and species, such as coral reefs. And to the coastal populations, they act as the first line of defense along coasts by reducing wave energy, protecting people from the increasing risk of floods and storms.

World Seagrass Day: History

In May 2022, the General Assembly adopted A/RES/76/265 proclaiming 1 March as World Seagrass Day. The resolution highlights the urgent need to raise awareness at all levels and to promote and facilitate actions for the conservation of seagrasses in order to contribute to their health and development, bearing in mind that enhancing ecosystem services and functions is important for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.


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