top of page

Important Current Affairs for CLAT-21st October 2023

Google and Qualcomm partner to make RISC-V chip for wearable devices

The partnership between Qualcomm and Google to produce wearable devices based on RISC-V technology marks a significant step in the development of open-source hardware and its application in consumer electronics.


  • Competition with Proprietary Technologies: By utilizing RISC-V technology, Qualcomm aims to challenge the dominance of proprietary technologies, particularly those provided by British chip designer Arm Holdings.

  • Advantages for Android Ecosystem: This includes the potential for more customized, power-efficient, and high-performance processors, enhancing the overall user experience for Android-based wearable devices.

  • Global Commercialization: This move could potentially facilitate the adoption of RISC-V technology on a global scale, further accelerating its development and implementation across various industries.

  • Concerns about Technology Exploitation: The reference to concerns expressed by lawmakers regarding the potential exploitation of open collaboration among American companies, particularly by China, emphasizes the delicate balance between open-source innovation and maintaining national interests.

What is Open-source technology?

Open-source technology has become a fundamental part of our digital landscape, offering innovative solutions and opportunities for collaboration. In this article, we will dive into the world of open source technology, examining its history, benefits, challenges, and its impact across different sectors. Let’s embark on a journey to understand the significance of open-source technology.

Understanding Open Source Technology

Definition of Open Source Technology:

Open source technology is a concept that revolves around the idea of accessible, collaborative, and transparent software and technology development. It is distinguished by key features that make it unique in the world of technology.

Key Features of Open Source Technology:

  • Open Access to Source Code

  • Collaborative Development Model

  • Licensing Flexibility

  • Community-Driven Innovation

  • Transparency and Accessibility

Tracing the History of Open Source Technology

Early Days of Sharing and Collaboration:

The roots of open source technology can be traced back to the early days of computing when programmers and developers often shared and collaborated on their work.

The GNU Project and the Free Software Movement:

In 1983, Richard Stallman’s launch of the GNU Project laid the foundation for advocating software freedom, becoming a significant milestone in the open source movement.

The Birth of Open Source:

The formal coining of the term “open source” in 1998, along with the establishment of the Open Source Initiative (OSI), brought structure and guidelines to the open-source community.

Benefits of Open Source Technology


Open-source software is often free, making it a cost-effective choice for individuals and businesses.

Customizability and Flexibility:

Users can modify open-source software to meet their specific needs, fostering innovation and adaptability.

Security and Reliability:

The collaborative development model enhances security, with issues quickly addressed by a global community of developers, resulting in robust and reliable software.

Faster Innovation and Development:

The open nature of source code promotes rapid innovation and development as a diverse community contributes ideas and improvements.

Vendor Neutrality:

Open source technology doesn’t lock users into specific vendors, offering freedom of choice and reducing dependency.

Challenges of Open Source Technology

Security Risks:

Despite collaborative efforts, vulnerabilities can exist, particularly in less popular projects with limited oversight.

Lack of Comprehensive Support:

Some open-source projects may lack the comprehensive support found in proprietary software, a concern for businesses with specific requirements.

Fragmentation and Compatibility Issues:

With numerous open-source options available, ensuring compatibility and integration between different platforms and software can be challenging.

Open Source Technology in Different Sectors

Software Development:

Open source software powers operating systems, programming languages, and development tools, forming the backbone of modern software development.

Business and Enterprise Solutions:

Many businesses use open-source solutions for operations, including CRM, ERP, and CMS systems, to streamline processes and reduce costs.

Education and Research:

Educational institutions and research organizations utilize open-source technology for collaboration and knowledge sharing among students and researchers.

Government and Public Services:

Several governments worldwide have adopted open-source technology to improve transparency, cut costs, and enhance public service delivery, benefiting citizens and taxpayers.

21st India-France Military Sub-Committee meeting Held In New Delhi

The 21st edition of the India-France Military Sub Committee (MSC) meeting took place on October 16-17, 2023, at the Air Force Station in New Delhi. This crucial meeting was co-chaired by Air Vice Marshal Ashish Vohra from the Indian side and Major General Eric Peltier from the French side. The meeting served as a significant platform for enhancing defense cooperation between these two nations.

A Platform for Strengthening Bilateral Defense Cooperation

The India-France MSC serves as a forum established to advance defense cooperation between India and France. It facilitates regular discussions at both strategic and operational levels between the HQ Integrated Defence Staff of India and the Joint Staff HQ of the French Armed Forces. The main aim of this committee is to foster collaboration and strengthen the existing defense engagements between the two countries.

A Friendly and Cordial Atmosphere

The 21st edition of the MSC meeting was marked by a friendly, warm, and cordial atmosphere. The discussions during the two-day meeting revolved around exploring new initiatives within the scope of existing bilateral defense cooperation mechanisms and reinforcing ongoing defense engagements. This collaborative approach exemplified the commitment of both nations to bolster their defense ties.

Key Figures in the Meeting

Air Vice Marshal Ashish Vohra, Assistant Chief of Integrated Staff (Military Cooperation) at HQ IDS, led the Indian delegation during the meeting. His counterpart, Major General Eric Peltier, General Officer, International Military Relations of the Joint Staff, represented the French side. The presence of high-ranking military officials underscored the importance of the discussions and the commitment to advancing the defense partnership between India and France.

A Strong and Deepening Partnership

The significance of the India-France defense partnership was also emphasized during a recent meeting between Union Defense Minister Rajnath Singh and the French Minister for the Armed Forces, Sebastien Lecornu. This meeting, which occurred on October 12 in Paris, highlighted the deepening of the India-France partnership over the years.

The Significance of the 21st India-France Military Sub-Committee Meeting

The 21st edition of the India-France Military Sub Committee meeting serves as a testament to the commitment of both countries to bolster their defense cooperation. The warm and cordial atmosphere of the meeting, along with discussions on new initiatives and the deepening partnership, highlights the significance of this engagement in shaping the strategic landscape of the 21st century.

Tamil Nadu’s AI-Powered Elephant Protection System Aims to Prevent Train Collisions

Tamil Nadu is nearing the completion of its pioneering artificial intelligence (AI)-based early warning system designed to safeguard wild elephants from train collisions. This innovative project is being implemented along the Ettimadai–Walayar railway section, serving as an additional layer of protection for these majestic pachyderms.

Tamil Nadu’s AI-based early warning system stands as a remarkable initiative to preserve the lives of wild elephants and reduce the risks associated with train collisions. As the final stages of implementation are underway, it is anticipated that this system will play a pivotal role in safeguarding the precious wildlife in the Ettimadai–Walayar region, demonstrating the harmonious coexistence of technology and conservation.

The E-Surveillance Towers: Enhancing Elephant Safety

The Forest Department has successfully installed 12 e-surveillance towers for this groundbreaking project, divided between the ‘A’ and ‘B’ lines of the twin single line railway.

Thermal Imaging Cameras: Thermal imaging cameras have been affixed to all towers along the ‘A’ line, while the ‘B’ line is currently undergoing camera installation and networking-related tasks.

Coverage Area: The towers, equipped with thermal imaging cameras, have been strategically placed in the highly vulnerable area spanning 7.05 km along the Ettimadai–Walayar section. This region traverses the Solakkarai reserve forest of the Madukkarai range, with 2.9 km on the ‘A’ line and 4.15 km on the ‘B’ line.

AI-Powered Detection System: Protecting Elephants

The AI-based system is the heart of this project, focusing on the detection of elephant movement and subsequent alert mechanisms.

Programming AI-Based Thermal Cameras: Currently, technicians are programming the AI-based thermal cameras on the towers along the ‘A’ line to detect the movement of elephants hidden in thickets.

Alert Mechanism: Once fully operational, the AI system will identify elephant movement and communicate this information to both the Forest Department staff and railway authorities.

Train Speed Reduction: Locomotive pilots will receive these alerts and will be able to reduce train speeds promptly, ensuring the safety of the elephants and preventing accidents.

Reducing Elephant-Train Collisions: A Vital Necessity

The urgency of this project is underscored by the fact that between 2008 and 2022, a total of 11 elephants lost their lives in six train collisions along the railway lines connecting Coimbatore and Palakkad. This innovative AI-based system aims to significantly reduce such tragic incidents and protect the wildlife in the region.

Power Minister R.K. Singh To conduct ISA’s Sixth Assembly In New Delhi From October 30

The Sixth Assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) is set to take place in New Delhi from October 30 to November 2, 2023. This prestigious event will be presided over by the President of the ISA Assembly and the Union Minister for Power and New & Renewable Energy, Government of India, Shri R.K. Singh. The ISA, a pivotal international initiative, was jointly launched by India and France following the COP21 summit in Paris.

A Global Gathering of Solar Advocates

Ministers, missions, and delegates from a remarkable total of 116 Member and Signatory Countries of the ISA are expected to participate in the Sixth Assembly. Furthermore, the event will welcome delegates from prospective countries, partner organizations, private sector entities, and other stakeholders committed to advancing solar energy on a global scale.

Focusing on Critical Solar Initiatives

The Sixth Assembly of the ISA will be a platform for intensive discussions on ISA initiatives that have a direct impact on crucial aspects of energy, including energy access, energy security, and energy transitions. The primary areas of focus will include:

1. Universalization of Energy Access through Solar Mini-Grids

One of the central themes of the Assembly is the promotion of energy access through the widespread deployment of solar mini-grids. This approach aims to bring clean and reliable energy to underserved communities around the world.

2. Mobilizing Finance for Accelerated Solar Deployment

Financing is a key factor in scaling up solar energy projects. The Assembly will explore strategies to mobilize the necessary financial resources for the rapid deployment of solar technologies.

3. Diversifying Supply Chains and Manufacturing for Solar

The ISA recognizes the importance of diversifying supply chains and promoting local manufacturing of solar components. This not only enhances self-reliance but also contributes to job creation and economic development in member countries.

Solar Power: A Leading Force in Energy Transition

In a curtain-raiser press conference in New Delhi, Shri R. K. Singh, the Union Minister for Power, New and Renewable Energy, highlighted the unique capability of solar energy to be deployed in small-scale installations, making it the ideal solution for ensuring energy access to remote and off-grid areas. He stressed the urgency of addressing the needs of the 750 million people worldwide who do not have access to energy.

Solar’s Dominance in Capacity Addition

Solar energy’s rapid expansion is driven by factors such as decreasing costs, advancements in technology, and the global shift toward sustainable energy sources. Its versatility and compatibility with a wide range of applications, from residential solar panels to large-scale solar farms, make it a cornerstone of the renewable energy sector.

The Vital Role of Hydro in Energy Transition

While solar power takes the lead in renewable energy, the minister also highlighted the essential role of hydroelectric power in energy transition. Many countries rely on hydroelectric power to meet a significant portion of their energy needs, and it has proven its reliability over decades. Hydroelectric projects, some of which date back to the 1960s and 1970s, continue to provide sustainable energy.

Global Stocktake and Upcoming Initiatives

ISA is gearing up for a solar stocktake, which will complement the global stocktake set to take place during COP28. This initiative aligns with their goal of tripling renewable energy production and ensuring a more equitable distribution of solar investments. They have already launched the Green Hydrogen Innovation Centre and have conducted training sessions in Africa to promote green hydrogen technology.

ISA’s Initiatives for Women Empowerment and Solar Innovation

Furthermore, ISA has introduced new programs such as “Solar for She,” which focuses on empowering women in the renewable energy sector, promoting entrepreneurship, and encouraging gender diversity in the solar industry. They are also working on the Global Solar Facility and SolarX Startup Challenge to further promote solar innovation and entrepreneurship.

Upcoming High-Level Conference

ISA is collaborating with the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India, the Asian Development Bank, and the International Solar Energy Society to host a high-level conference on New Technologies for Clean Energy Transition on November 1, 2023. This conference will address critical issues related to climate change and the deployment of solar energy.

Flagship Reports on Solar Technology, Market, and Investments

ISA is set to release three flagship reports to provide insights into the current state of solar energy:

1.World Solar Technology Report 2023: This report will focus on solar photovoltaics (solar PV) and the remarkable advancements in crystalline silicon technology. This report will explore the dominance of crystalline silicon technology and emerging technologies like organic PV and perovskite PV.

2.World Solar Market Report 2023: This report will offer a comprehensive analysis of the solar market’s evolution, from its origins in Europe to its current leadership in the Asia-Pacific region. It will highlight the remarkable growth and changing regional dynamics in solar adoption.

3.World Solar Investment Report 2023: This report will emphasize the surge in global solar investments in 2022, exceeding $300 billion and showing a 36% increase from the previous year. The report will also stress the importance of investing in grid infrastructure, diversifying supply chains, and prioritizing emerging markets to ensure an inclusive energy transition.

The International Solar Alliance

The International Solar Alliance is a global organization with 109 member countries that collaborates with governments to improve energy access and security, promote solar power, and facilitate the transition to a carbon-neutral future.

ISA’s Mission to Unlock $1 Trillion in Solar Investments by 2030

ISA’s mission is to unlock $1 trillion in solar investments by 2030 while reducing the cost of solar technology and financing. Their work spans various sectors, including agriculture, health, transport, and power generation, driving change through policy development, standardization, and mobilizing investments.

ISA’s Global Reach and Impact

The ISA boasts 124 signatories, with 94 having ratified the agreement. This level of engagement surpasses many other international energy organizations, including the International Energy Agency (IEA). The ISA is an international and intercontinental alliance that continues to grow, underscoring its significant role in driving the global energy transition.

Sixth ISA Assembly: A Global Gathering for Advancing Solar Energy

With 96 countries already registered to participate in the upcoming Sixth ISA Assembly, including 20 ministers, and the involvement of various multilateral development banks and stakeholders, the event promises to be a key milestone in advancing solar energy on the world stage.

Federal Bank Launched ‘Mookkannoor Mission’ Initiative At Its Founder’s Village

On the occasion of the 106th birth anniversary of its visionary founder, K.P Hormis yesterday, the Federal Bank recently inaugurated the ‘Mookkannoor Mission,’ a groundbreaking initiative designed to drive change and progress in the village of Mookkannoor, located in the Ernakulam district of Kerala. This initiative is a testament to the bank’s commitment to community development, environmental sustainability, and digital transformation, aligning perfectly with the ideals of its illustrious founder.

A Glimpse of Mookkannoor

Mookkannoor, a serene village nestled in the beautiful Ernakulam district, is a place of profound cultural heritage and natural beauty. However, like many parts of the country, it faces various challenges related to cleanliness, waste management, and access to essential services. Federal Bank, headquartered at Aluva, took it upon itself to transform this village and uplift the lives of its residents.

A Comprehensive Vision

The ‘Mookkannoor Mission’ is a grand vision that encompasses a wide range of activities aimed at enhancing the overall well-being of the village. The Federal Bank is committed to executing a comprehensive plan that covers digitization of the entire village, a rigorous cleanliness drive, waste management, tree plantation, community development, and the implementation of renewable energy projects.

Shyam Srinivasan’s Inspirational Words

Shyam Srinivasan, the Managing Director and CEO of Federal Bank described this initiative as a dream project, not just for the people of Mookkannoor, but also for the Federal Bank itself. Srinivasan emphasized the idea that in India’s narrative of transformation, a significant chapter should be dedicated to cleanliness and sustainability, with Mookkannoor as the shining example of how such a transformation can be realized.

A Three-Phase Approach

The ‘Mookkannoor Mission’ is designed to be executed in three distinct phases, spread over a span of three years. This meticulous planning ensures that the transformation process is both effective and sustainable. The project will be carried out under the guidance of the Mookkannoor Grama Panchayat and the K.P Hormis Educational and Charitable Society, reinforcing the bank’s commitment to collaborative efforts and community engagement.

Federal Bank’s Founder’s Day Celebrations

In honor of its Founder’s Day, the Bank launched a range of activities nationwide. These included the introduction of the Federal Bank Hormis Memorial Foundation Scholarship in six states, organizing blood and cloth donation drives for staff members, launching two new Federal Skill Academies in Ambattur, Chennai, and Belagavi, Karnataka.

Additionally, they inaugurated the foundation batch at the Coimbatore and Kolhapur branches of the Federal Skill Academy, with Coimbatore marking the inception of its first-ever tailoring course. The Bank also expanded its presence by opening seven new branches across different states.

Sanjay Kulshreshtha named as new Chairman and Managing Director of HUDCO

Sanjay Kulshrestha has joined as the Chairman & Managing Director of the HUDCO from 16th October 2023. He is an electrical engineer with over 32 years of expertise in Infrastructure Financing, Hedging, Risk Management, ALM, thermal power plant management, Power Sector Project Financing etc.

Early Career and Power Project Expertise

For the first 15 years, he has worked in the areas of power project execution, high voltage substations and transmission lines at both State as well as Private sectors.

In 2006, he joined REC, initially in Mumbai and later moved to the Delhi Headquarters where he has been a Power Sector Financing expert for the last 17 years where he managed the techno-commercial appraisal of power sector projects and pioneered implementation of multiple government schemes.

In the last few years, he acted as the business head for State Operations as well as Private Sector Project Management (Generation, T&D and Renewables). He has been a member of various committees on Hedging, Risk, Infrastructure Financing, ALM, etc. and worked in close coordination with Ministry of Power, State Governments & power utilities, Private developers, RBI and Multilateral Development Banks. Additionally, he acted as the CEO of RECPDCL, an REC subsidiary working in power sector consultancy services.

Journey with REC

Furthermore, under his leadership as the head of REC Foundation, CSR wing of REC, the company’s impact has been extensive in the areas of health, nutrition and women empowerment clubbed with nation-wide initiatives for uplifting of sports in India. He has also been closely associated with the REC for Business Development, Strategy and Coordination works.

Dr Meenesh Shah elected to Board of International Dairy Federation

Dr. Meenesh Shah, the Chairman and Managing Director of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), has been elected to the Board of the International Dairy Federation (IDF) during the General Assembly of IDF on October 15. With a long history of involvement with IDF, Dr. Shah’s contributions have been instrumental in promoting India’s unique smallholder-based dairying system on the global stage.

A Distinguished Leader in the World of Dairy

Shah has been associated with IDF for a long period in different capacities and was instrumental in sensitising the world about the unique smallholder-based Indian dairying system on various international forums. IDF is the leading source of scientific and technical expertise for all stakeholders of the dairy chain. Its network of dairy experts has provided a mechanism for the dairy sector to reach a global consensus on how to help feed the world with safe and sustainable dairy products.

Dr. Meenesh Shah’s Contributions

Dr Shah has been associated with International Dairy Federation for a long in different capacities and has been instrumental in sensitising the world about the unique smallholder-based Indian dairying system in different international forums. He is the Member Secretary of the Indian National Committee and also a member of the Standing Committee on Dairy Policy and Economics. He had spearheaded the successful organisation of the World’s largest Dairy Conference – IDF WDS 2022 in India in September 2022, which was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The Role of IDF in Global Dairy

The International Dairy Federation is the leading source of scientific and technical expertise for all stakeholders of the dairy value chain. IDF’s network of dairy experts has provided a mechanism for the dairy sector to reach a global consensus on how to help feed the world with safe and sustainable dairy products. IDF members are National Committees, generally constituted by dairy organisations in each country and India is represented by the National Committee (INC) of the IDF.


bottom of page