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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-24th December 2022

YouTube creators Ecosystem contributes over Rs 10,000 cr to India’s GDP in 2021

YouTube creators contributes over Rs 10,000 cr to India’s GDP: According to a statement released on Monday by YouTube, the Google-owned company, YouTube’s creative ecosystem supported more than 750,000 full-time equivalent jobs in India in 2021 and added more than Rs 10,000 crore to the GDP of the nation. The business also disclosed that Courses, a new product that will provide viewers a greater learning experience and creators a new opportunity to monetize their work, would launch in beta in 2023.

YouTube creators contributes over Rs 10,000 cr to India’s GDP: Key Points

  • According to the results of the most recent Oxford Economics study by YouTube, billions of people around the world now watch content produced by Indian YouTube creators.

  • The ability to monetize their work has been made possible thanks to this, enabling many creators to turn their interests into enduring careers.

  • In order to produce and promote reliable content covering more than 100 medical conditions in Hindi, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Gujarati, Bengali, and English, YouTube said it would increase its efforts to collaborate with more healthcare organisations, including Narayana, Manipal, Medanta, and Shalby.

YouTube to assist partners

  • According to the YouTube business, it would also assist partners in achieving scale and efficiency in the production of multilingual content.

  • In order to give viewers in-depth, structured learning experiences, skilled artists in India may start giving paid or free Courses in the coming year on YouTube.

  • Courses on YouTube will not only help audiences have richer educational experiences, but they will also give creators a new way to make money.

According to YouTube, other companies, including LearnoHub, Speak English With Aishwarya, and Telusko, will create academic and practical courses in several Indian languages during the beta period.

Sam Curran Breaks IPL Auction Records and Become Most Expensive Cricketer

Sam Curran breaks all the records and became the most expensive cricketer ever to be bought by any franchise of the Indian Premier League (IPL). Sam Curran is a 24-year-old English Cricketer who was bought by Punjab Kings on the first day of the IPL auction for ₹18.5 crores. The IPL auctions for the 2023 season are being held in Kerala.

Sam Curran Breaks IPL Auction Records and Becomes Most Expensive Cricketer- Key Points

  • Sam Curran has broken the record of Ishan Kishan who was bought for ₹15.25 crore by Mumbai Indians.

  • Punjab Kings Director Ness Wadia said that Same Curran is one of the best all-rounder players in the world and will bring good balance to our team.

  • Other than Sam Curran, Cameron Green was bought by Mumbai Indians for ₹17.50 crore and Ben Stokes was bought by Chennai Super Kings for ₹16.25 crore.

  • Gujarat Titans bought Shivam Mavi for ₹6 crore and Joshua Little for ₹4.4 crore.

  • Royal Challengers Bangalore bought Will Jacks for ₹3.2 crores.

  • Mayank Dagar was sold to Sunrises Hyderabad for ₹1.8 crores.

  • The IPL auctions were conducted on 23rd December 2023.

  • For the 2023 session of IPL auctions, a total of 405 players were to be actioned.

  • Out of these players, 273 were Indian players, and 132 were overseas players. Four players were from associate nations.

  • IPL 2023 will begin in March 2023 which is sponsored by Tata.

About Sam Curran

Samuel Matthew Curran is an English Cricketer who plays for England in all formats. He was born on 3rd June 1998 in Northampton. On 23rd December 2022, he became the highest bid in the history of the Indian Premier League. He was bought by Punjab Kings for ₹18.5. He has earlier played for Kings XI Punjab and Chennai Super Kings.

Sudeep & Shobhana won Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2021-22

Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2021-22:

Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize: The Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize has been jointly won by Sudeep Sen for his genre and formbender Anthropocene: Climate Change, Contagion, Consolation (Pippa Rann Books & Media, 2021) and Shobhana Kumar for her haibun collection A Sky Full of Bucket Lists (Red River, 2021). The winners, awarded $10,000 and a Rabindranath Tagore statuette, were picked from a shortlist of 11 at India International Centre, with the Tagore Prize for social achievement going to Sanjoy K Roy, producer of the Jaipur Literature Festival.

Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize Shortlist for 2021-22:

  1. A Play for the End of the World: Jai Chakrabarti (Knopf, 2021)

  2. Manual for a Decent Life: Kavita A. Jindal (Linen Press, 2020)

  3. Two and a Half Rivers: Anirudh Kala (Niyogi, 2021)

  4. A Sky Full of Bucket Lists: Shobhana Kumar (Red River, 2021)

  5. Osmosis: Debarshi Mitra (Hawakal Publishers, 2020)

  6. The Elegant Nobody: Jagari Mukherjee (Hawakal Publishers, 2020)

  7. My City is a Murder of Crows: Nikita Parik (Hawakal Publishers, 2022)

  8. I Want a Poem and Other Poem: Jerry Pinto (Speaking Tiger Books, 2021)

  9. The Earthspinner: Anuradha Roy (Mountain Leopard Press, 2021)

  10. Anthropocene: Climate Change, Contagion, Consolation: Sudeep Sen (Pippa Rann Books&Media, 2021)

  11. Love Without a Story: Arundhati Subramaniam (Bloodaxe Books, 2021)

About the Awards:

The Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize was started in 2018 to annually recognise literary and social accomplishments. In 2020, the award was won by Raj Kamal Jha, Chief Editor, The Indian Express, for The City and The Sea (2019, Penguin Books), and in 2019, it was awarded posthumously to Kabir for One Hundred Poems of Kabir, translated by Rabindranath Tagore.

National Consumer Rights Day 2022: 24 December

National Consumer Rights Day 2022:

Every year on December 24, India observed the National Consumer Day or Bharatiya Grahak Diwas. This day is used to make all consumers aware of their powers and rights. This day was made under the Consumer Protection Act, which came to power in 1986 to create awareness and save consumers from market exploitation like defective products or expensive pricing.

National Consumer Rights Day: Significance

The significance of Bharatiya Grahak Diwas 2022 revolves around giving a wholesome shopping experience to consumers. They are provided protection against unfair trade practices like fake advertisements, false gift offers, and hoardings, among others. Owing to an effective complaint redressal forum, the Consumer Protection Act assures that there is an efficient settlement of consumer disputes. The act also brought changes in the process of how consumer complaints were dealt.

Notably: World Consumer Rights Day is celebrated on March 15 every year. The day marks an opportunity to urge that all consumers’ rights be recognised and safeguarded, as well as to protest market abuses and social injustices that jeopardise those rights.

National Consumer Rights Day: History

The exploitation of consumers has been quite common in India. The problems were only aggravated by inflation and poor technology. Taking the repercussions in the account, the Consumer Protection Bill was passed in 1986. And, under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986, December 24 was marked as National Consumer Day. In 1991 and 1993, certain amendments were made in the Consumer Protection Act. Later, to make it more effective, a couple of changes were made in December 2002, which came into effect on March 15, 2003. A refurbished version of the Consumer Protection Act – Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 was passed by the Indian Parliament in August of that year.

The major objectives of the Consumer Protection Act 1986 are:

  • Rights to protect against the marketing of goods and services which are hazardous to life and property

  • Rights to be informed about the quality, quantity, price and purity of the goods and services, to avoid unfair trade practices

  • Rights to be assured of the access to a variety of goods and services at competitive prices

  • Rights to seek redressal against unfair trade practices or restrictive trade practices

  • Rights to consumer education.

  • In 2019, the Consumer Protection Act 1986 was revised. Later, the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution announced the CPA 2019 bill put to effect on July 20, 2020.

Suhel Ajaz Khan named India’s new ambassador to Saudi Arabia

Indian Foreign Service official of 1997 batch, Dr. Suhel Ajaz Khan who is presently the Ambassador of India to the Republic of Lebanon has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He will replace Dr. Ausaf Sayeed, a 1989 batch IFS officer. Dr. Khan is expected to take up the assignment shortly.

India Saudi Arabia Relations

  • Saudi Arabia which is the largest exporter of crude oil in the world and is the custodian of two of holiest mosques of Islam, Al Haram in Mecca and Al-Haram or forbidden mosques in Medina.

  • During the visit of Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh to Saudi Arabia in 2010 elevated the India-Saudi Arabia tie to ‘Strategic Partnership’.

  • During PM M0di visit to Saudi Arabia in 2019 Strategic Partnership Council Agreement was signed, which established a high-level council to steer the Indo-Saudi relationship.

  • Saudi Arabia is India’s fourth largest trading partner after the United States of America, China and the United Arab Emirates.

  • More than 18% of India’s crude oil imports are sourced from Saudi Arabia. During April -December 2022, bilateral trade was valued at US$29.28 billion. During this period, India’s imports from Saudi Arabia were valued at US$22.65 billion and exports to Saudi Arabia were worth US$6.63 billion.

  • There are about 22 lakhs Indians living in Saudi Arabia and they constitute the largest expatriate community in Saudi Arabia.

India votes for UNSC resolution on psychological well-being of UN personnel

India votes for UNSC resolution: A UNSC resolution on the mental health of UN peacekeepers has India’s support. According to India’s Permanent Representative to the UN, Ruchira Kamboj, as one of the nations that has sent the most troops over the years, India pays the utmost significance on the safety, security, and welfare of UN soldiers.

India votes for UNSC resolution: Key Points

  • Ruchira Kamboj continued by stating that India is aware of the tough and challenging conditions in which the UN peace operations personnel work and that mental health is a crucial aspect of overall health for UNSC.

  • As a result, she said, all member nations should pay particular attention to the health and safety of UN staff.

  • A resolution on mental health and psychosocial support for personnel of UN peace operations was unanimously approved by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).

  • The draught resolution on mental health and psychosocial support was proposed by Mexico for UNSC.

UNSC resolution on psychological well-being of UN personnel

  • The proposed resolution would mark the Security Council (UNSC)’s first mental health-related standalone resolution.

  • The entire UN membership is welcome to co-sponsor the proposed text of UNSC resolution.

The proposed resolution of UNSC acknowledges the need to increase public awareness of the value of psychosocial assistance and mental health services for UN peace operations personnel.

Person Of The Year: Dr. Subramaniam Jaishankar, Foreign Minister Of India

Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, a former diplomat who served as 31st Foreign Secretary of India between 28 January 2015 – 28 January 2018, was inducted into Narendra Modi’s cabinet as a Union Minister of External affairs in 2019. Prior to diving into Indian Political Sphere, he served as Indian Ambassador to the United States, China and the Czech Republic. In addition to this eminent portfolio, he also served as High Commissioner to Singapore (2007–09). Jaishankar also played a vital role in negotiating the Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement.

Dr. S. Jaishankar’s Career:

Upon retirement from diplomacy, Jaishankar joined Tata Sons as President, Global Corporate Affairs.

2015: Jaishankar was appointed as Foreign Secretary of India on 29 January 2015.

2013: Jaishankar was appointed as India’s Ambassador to United States in September 2013. He took charge on 23 December 2013 succeeding Nirupama Rao.

2012 :Jaishankar became India’s longest-serving ambassador to China, with a four and a half-year term.

2007: From 2007 to 2009, Jaishankar served as India’s High Commissioner to Singapore.

2004: From 2004 to 2007, Jaishankar was Joint Secretary (Americas) at the Ministry of External Affairs in New Delhi.

2000: He was appointed India’s ambassador to the Czech Republic.

1996: From 1996 to 2000, he was Deputy Chief of Mission at the Indian Embassy in Tokyo.

1991: He was the Director (East Europe) in the Ministry of External Affairs. Also, he served as press secretary and speechwriter for President of India Shankar Dayal Sharma.

1990: 1990 to 1993: He was the Counsellor at the Indian mission in Budapest.

1988: 1988 to 1990: he served in Sri Lanka as First Secretary and political adviser to the Indian Peacekeeping Force (IPKF).

1985: He was appointed as the first secretary at the Indian embassy in Washington, D.C.

1979:1979 to 1981: He served as third secretary and second secretary in the Indian mission to the Soviet Union in Moscow.

1977: He Joined Indian Foreign Service.

Dr S. Jaishankar’s Personal Life:

Full Name: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

Date of Birth: 09 Jan 1955 (Age 67)

Place of Birth: New Delhi, India

Party name: Bharatiya Janta Party

Education: PhD Profession Civil Servant

Father’s Name: K. Subrahmanyam

Mother’s Name: Sulochana.

Spouse’s Name: Kyoko Jaishankar

Childrens: 2 Son(s) 1 Daughter(s)

Religion: Hindu

Caste: Brahmin

Dr. S Jaishankar’s Educational Qualification:

S. Jaishankar began education from The Air Force School and graduated in Chemistry from St. Stephen’s College at the University of Delhi. After that, he pursued M.A. in Political Science and an M.Phil. and PhD in International Relations from Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Dr S. Jaishankar’s Father:

He is a son of K. Subrahmanyam who was a strategic affairs analyst, commentator, and civil servant and he himself is a graduate of St. Stephen’s College at the University of Delhi, and has an M.A. in Political Science and an M.Phil. and PhD in International Relations from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), where he specialised in nuclear diplomacy. So, he can be considered as a qualified figure in foreign strategies.

Dr S. Jaishankar’s Awards & Achievements:

  • He was proffered the Padma Shri in 2019.

  • He started his career in Moscow in 1978 and speaks Russian fluently, a skill that hold the capacity of boosting Indo-Russian ties .

  • Jaishankar had a pivotal role in ending the Doklam crisis between India and China which took the two nations on a brink of war in Arunachal Pradesh. During his tenure in Beijing, Jaishankar helped India improve ties with China in trade, border and cultural relations.

  • He is the longest-serving Indian ambassador to China and played pivotal role in reinforcing economic, trade and cultural relations between the two countries.

  • He played a key role in negotiating the landmark India-US civil nuclear deal and other initiatives and worked with the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh closely.

Dr S Jaishankar’s Book:

‘The India Way: Strategies for an Uncertain World’. It is a book to browse through for an international relations update, dwell on ideas that present themselves and seem more suitable for discussions in the classrooms of the Foreign Policy Institute.

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