Important Current Affairs for CLAT-26th July 2022

Kargil Vijay Diwas 2022: All you need to know about India’s victory over Pakistan

Kargil Vijay Diwas is the celebration of India’s historic win over Pakistan on July 26, 1999. The Indian Army successfully removed Pakistani forces who were illegally occupying a hilltop at the Indian side of the Line of Control (LoC) at Kargil, Ladakh. To commemorate this victory and remember those who sacrificed their lives for this country, Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated annually in India on July 26.

How is Kargil Vijay Diwas celebrated?

Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated all across the country. The Prime Minister of India is known to pay tribute to the martyrs at Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate every year. There is a Kargil War memorial as well in Dras on the foothills of Tololing Hill. It was built by the Indian Army and honours the soldiers who lost their lives during the war. Interestingly, the gateway of the memorial has a poem named ‘Pushp Kii Abhilasha’ inscribed on it and the names of the martyrs are also inscribed on the Memorial Wall there.

History of Kargil War:

  • As history has it, India was successful in evicting the Pakistani troops from its territory as the war ended on July 26. This momentous day came to be known as Kargil Vijay Diwas. It should be noted that 527 soldiers sacrificed their lives for the country during the war.

  • The Kargil War was fought between May-July of 1999 in the Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir along the Line of Control (LoC) in which India got victory.

  • The Kargil war was fought for more than 60 days and ended on 26 July.

  • On this date in 1999 Pakistan army took advantage of the melting snow and betraying the bilateral understanding of both the nations (that the post would remain unattended during the winter season) took command of the high outposts of India.

  • Pakistan army refused the claims that its soldiers were involved in the war and claimed that they were the rebels from Kashmir itself, but the ammunition, identity cards, rations stores and other evidence prove that the Pakistan army was behind this cowardly act.

Indian Army Operation Vijay:

  • The operation was launched by the Indian Army twice in Indian history. The first Operation Vijay was launched in 1961 which led to the capture of Goa, Anjediva islands and Daman and Diu.

  • The second operation was launched in 1999. Both the operations were of huge success. However, Kargil Vijay However, the Kargil Vijay Diwas is marked by the culmination of the Kargil war.

  • July 26 is celebrated as “Kargil Vijay Diwas” every year to mark the successful completion of “Operation Vijay” that ended the 3-month war along the Line of Control. Nearly 490 Indian army officers, soldiers and jawans were martyrs during the course of the battle.

Indian Air Force Operation White Sea:

Operation White Sea was also launched during the Kargil war, in 1999. During the operation, the Indian Air Force jointly acted with the Indian Army to flush out regular and irregular troops of the Pakistani army.

Draupadi Murmu:15th President of India Takes the Oath

Draupadi Murmu took oath as the 15th President of India. She is now the first tribal and the second Woman to be the president of India. In the Central Hall of the Parliament, Draupadi Murmu administered the Oath by Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana. The ceremony was attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other senior politicians.

Key Points

  • Draupadi Murmu was nominated by the National Democratic Alliance.

  • She was the former governor of Jharkhand and she was the first female governor of Jharkhand.

  • Her opponent in the Presidential election was Yashwant Sinha, whom she defeated by a huge margin.

  • She got the lead in the second round of counting where she won 809 votes of MLAs out of 1138 in 10 states.

Draupadi Murmu: About

  • Draupadi Murmu was born in a Santhali tribe community of a village in Mayurbhanj district, Odisha.

  • She started working as a school teacher and then as a government clerk.

  • She joined politics in 1997 with Bhartiya Janata Party.

  • She was the Councilor of the Rairangpur Nagar Panchayat, and in 2000, she became the chairman.

  • She also served as the National Vice President of BJP schedule Tribes Morcha.

  • Draupadi Murmu was appointed as the Governor of Jharkhand on 9th May 2015. She became the first female governor of Jharkhand.

Ladakh Festival Kargil launched by CEC LAHDC Kargil

The Ladakh Festival Kargil 2022 was inaugurated in Ladakh by CEC LAHDC Kargil Feroz Ahmad Khan at Khree Sultan Chow Stadium in Bemathang Kargil. The Department of Tourism and Culture Kargil UT Ladakh was in charge of organising the festival. The Chief Guest, the Secretary of Tourism for UT Ladakh, and the Executive Councilor for Tourism for LAHDC Kargil visited and inspected the many stalls set up by volunteers, NGIs, and SHGs, among other groups, and they were pleased with the work.

Later, Feroz Ahmad Khan and another visitor opened this event’s horse polo match and archery competition. On this day, a variety of cultural troupes delivered vibrant cultural performances. The Festival lasted for two days, with the inaugural Incredible India Kargil Half Marathon taking place on April 24.

India-Japan conducted a Maritime Partnership exercise (MPX) in the Andaman Sea

A Maritime Partnership Exercise (MPX) was conducted between Japan Maritime Self Defense Force and Indian Navy in the Andaman Sea. INS Sukanya, an offshore patrol vessel and JS Samidare, a Murasame class destroyer, undertook various exercises including seamanship activities, aircraft operations and tactical manoeuvres as part of the operational interaction.

What is the aim of the exercises?

The two countries have been carrying out regular exercises in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) aimed towards reinforcing maritime association. The exercises conducted were aimed at enhancing interoperability and streamlining seamanship and communication procedures. This exercise is part of the ongoing efforts between the two navies toward ensuring safe and secure international shipping and trade in the IOR.

Neeraj Chopra wins a silver medal in the javelin at the world championships

Neeraj Chopra makes history by winning silver in the World Athletics Championships for the first time ever. Neeraj Chopra grinned after his 88.13m throw in the fourth round. His greatest throw in the men’s javelin throw final in Eugene, US, allowed him to move into the provisional podium spot in second place, which helped to lessen the tension.

KEY POINTS:

  • With a throw of 88.13 metres, Neeraj Chopra, 24, who entered the competition as a heavy favourite, won the medal.

  • Neeraj didn’t get off to the best of starts as he started with a foul throw and finished the first three rounds with 82.39 and 86.37 metres.

  • He regained his rhythm with a strong throw in the fourth round—88.13 metres, his fourth career-best effort—which propelled him into second place, which he retained all the way to the finish. His throws number five and six were fouls.

  • Anderson Peters, the defending champion, of Grenada claimed the gold with a best throw of 90.54 metres, and Jakub Vadlejch, the Czech Republic’s Olympic silver medalist, took the bronze with 88.09 metres.

A book titled “Dilip Kumar: In the Shadow of a Legend” by Faisal Farooqui

A new book on the legendary actor of Indian cinema, Yusuf Khan, better known as Dilip Kumar, has been released by author Faisal Farooqui. The book is titled “In the Shadow of a Legend: Dilip Kumar”. The book is a tribute to Dilip Kumar the man more than Dilip Kumar the actor. Farooqui is the founder and CEO of Mouthshut.com, one of India’s leading review and rating platforms.

The essence of the book:

In the book, Dilip Kumar: In the Shadow of a Legend, the author paints an intimate portrait of the actor, throwing light on some little-known anecdotes from his illustrious life. The book brings to us the real Dilip Kumar, away from the large screen that made him such an endearing figure for his fans. Dilip Kumar was much more than the actor that we have revered all these years.

The book celebrates Dilip Kumar’s amazing versatility as an actor. The alcoholic Devdas, the lover who always seems to lose his lady, the Salim who defies Akbar, the heartwarming character from Ram aur Shyam, the dacoit from Ganga Jamuna, Dilip Kumar kept the audience in a trance. He was a rare actor who could carry the movie on his shoulders. He was a natural actor, who played every role so convincingly. He actually lived the role.


Center modifies Flag Code of India 2002 to permit tricolour to be displayed constantly

If the national flag is flown in the open and is raised by a member of the public, it may now fly through the night. The Flag Code of India 2002 was revised by the Ministry of Home Affairs to permit the flying of the national flag even at night as the federal government begins its Har Ghar Tiranga campaign. The flag could previously only be flown between sunrise and dusk.

KEY POINTS:

  • The ministry stated that clause XI of paragraph 2.2 of the Flag Code has been substituted by the following phrase: “where the flag is displayed in the open or displayed on the house of a member of the public, it may be flown day and night.”

  • The flag code has already been altered by the government to permit the use of polyester and machine-made flags.

  • The government amended paragraph 1.2 of Part I of the flag code in a notification last year.

  • Flags produced by machines or of polyester were previously prohibited from use.

  • India is celebrating Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to mark 75 years of independence.

  • From August 13 to August 15, the Har Ghar Tiranga campaign urges people to fly the flag in their residences.

  • Additionally, in a letter to all government agencies on the campaign, Home Secretary Ajay Bhalla included files that outlined the key elements of the flag code as well as the updates made on December 30, 2021, and July 20, 2022.

  • A list of frequently asked questions regarding the use and display of the national flag is also included with the letter.

Nakul Jain Joins As CEO Of Paytm Payments Services

Paytm’s parent One97 Communications has appointed Nakul Jain as the CEO of Paytm Payments Services Ltd (PPSL). Praveen Sharma, who is now serving as the acting CEO of PPSL, has been promoted to oversee the organisation’s commerce vertical in addition to his other duties.

Jain earlier served as managing director of private banking, priority banking, deposits and branch banking at Standard Chartered Bank. He holds over 22 years of experience in retail banking and has worked in sub-sectors such as branch banking, wealth management, product and segments, distribution, retail assets and acquisition.

Things to Remember:

  • MD and CEO of Paytm: Vijay Shekhar Sharma;

  • Paytm Founded: August 2010;

  • Paytm Headquarters: Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.


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