Important Current Affairs for CLAT-6th August 2022

Hiroshima Day is observed globally on 6th August

Hiroshima Day is observed on August 6 to commemorate the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, in 1945, at the end of World War II. The horrific incident took place on August 6, 1945, when the United States dropped an atomic bomb named “Little Boy”, on the town of Hiroshima in Japan. 2022 marks the 77th anniversary of the world’s first atomic bombing. The day, which is observed at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, Japan, highlights the effects of nuclear wars, pays respect to those who got killed, discourages nuclear proliferation and promotes world peace.

History of Hiroshima Day:

During the 2nd World War which was active in 1939- 1945, the world’s first deployed atomic bomb with more than 9000 pounds of uranium-235 was loaded and US B-29 bomber aircraft, the Enola Gay attacked the Japanese city of Hiroshima on 6th August 1945. The explosion was so huge that it immediately killed 70,000 people wiping 90% of the city and later on around 10,000 people died due to the effect of radiation exposure.

The United States secretly developed the Atomic Bomb technology under the Manhattan Project, led by Nuclear Physicist Robert Oppenheimer. Eventually, the atom bombs nicknamed “Little Boy” and “Fat Man” were dropped on Japan’s Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities on August 6 and August 9, 1945, respectively. Japan surrendered, ending World War II.

Hiroshima Day: Facts, History and Significance

On 6th August, Hiroshima Day is observed every year to spread awareness of the horrific effects of the atom bomb blasts and to promote peace politics. On this day in 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, a Japanese city during World War II. The atomic blast was massive and destroyed 90 per cent of the city and killed thousands of people. It killed almost 20,000 soldiers, and 70,000 to 126,000 civilians. Three days later, another city in Japan, Nagasaki was bombed leading to the death of 80,000 people. This was the first time that a nuclear bomb was used in a war other than testing. Since then, no atom bombs or nuclear bombs were used in any war. Hiroshima Day 2022 marks the 77th anniversary of the killings.

Hiroshima Day: History

  • In May 1945, Germany surrendered to the allied forces, and the second world was continued in Asia. The Allied forces continued to fight with imperial Japan.

  • The use of the nuclear bomb was the only way to rescue millions of U.S. causality from Japan according to the United States.

  • Through the Manhattan project, the United States created two atom bombs. The first atom bomb was known as ‘Little Boy’ and another was named ‘Fat man’.

  • Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima and Fat man was dropped on Nagasaki.

  • On a fine morning of 6th August 1945, American B-29 dropped ‘Little boy’ on Nagasaki killing thousands of civilians and soldiers.

  • After, exactly three days, ‘Fat man’ was dropped on Nagasaki killing another 40,000 people.

  • Explanations suggest that it would have led to the killing of more people if Japan was invaded by the Allied forces.

  • The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki marked the end of World War II on 15th August.

  • In Japan, the survivors of the bombing are known as Hibakusha which means explosion-affected people.

  • There is 650000 Hibakusha in Japan that is recognized by the Government.

Hiroshima Day: Significance

Hiroshima Day has a significant role in making people aware of anti-war and anti-nuclear demonstrations in many countries. Hiroshima Day signifies peace in politics and people on this day visit the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum which archives the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II.

3rd Anniversary Of The Abrogation Of Article 370

This is the third anniversary of the abrogation of Article 370. It is on this day in August 2019, when provisions of Article 370, which gave special status to the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir, was abrogated by the Union Government. The State was further divided into two Union Territories – Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

Earlier, Jammu and Kashmir was the only state in the country with a separate constitution as per the provisions mentioned in Article 370, a ‘temporary provision’ that grants special autonomous status to the State. After the revocation of Article 370, all Central laws and various welfare schemes are applicable there and the decision has also paved the way for attracting investment in the region which in turn has brought in development.

History Of J&K Issue:

The modification of a constitutional provision that grants J&K special status—a greater degree of autonomy than that enjoyed by other Indian states—has been hotly contested since its creation in 1950.

Those against this provision, Article 370, have argued that all three parts of the state—the Muslim-dominated Kashmir valley, the Hindu-majority Jammu, and Ladakh, which has considerable Buddhist presence—should not have laws independent of the Indian constitution. India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party subscribed to this school of thought. This section also fears neighbouring Pakistan’s influence on Kashmir and its attempt to capture more territory in the Kashmir valley.

The modern political history of the state itself is a tale of its often changing status beginning in the 19th century, turmoil following India’s partition in 1947, and simmering uncertainty since then.

Here is a timeline of J&K and Article 370 through key events in modern times:

1930s: Kashmiri Muslims are unhappy with the then maharaja Hari Singh’s rule and feel his policies are prejudiced against them. This is also the time J&K’s first major political party, the National Conference (NC), is born along with its founder, Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah’s, political debut. The Quit Kashmir movement against the maharaja is launched.

August 1947: India gains independence from the British empire, Pakistan is created as a Muslim-majority country. India’s princely states, those not officially with India or Pakistan, are given three choices—stay independent or join either India or Pakistan. Three such states are undecided—Junagadh, Hyderabad, and J&K. Indian home minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel works to convince the undecided princely states to join India; Maharaja Hari Singh signs a standstill agreement with Pakistan, effectively opting for status quo.

October 1947: Armed tribesmen from Pakistan infiltrate J&K, Hari Singh realises he needs Indian help. He reaches out to prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Patel who agree to send troops on the condition that the maharaja signs an instrument of accession (IoA) in favour of India , handing over control of defence, foreign affairs, and communication. Hari Singh signs the IoA, Indian troops move in. The armed conflict continues.

January 1948: India takes the Kashmir issue to the United Nations (UN), raising concerns over Pakistan’s forced occupation of parts of Kashmir. The UN suggests a plebiscite, but India and Pakistan can’t agree on how to de-militarise the region. The conflict continues through 1948.

March 1948: Hari Singh appoints an interim government in J&K. Sheikh Abdullah named the prime minister.

January 1949: The UN mediates a ceasefire between Indian and Pakistan—also known as the Karachi Agreement—allowing the two countries to retain control over territories held at the time. No agreement on referendum yet.

July 1949: Hari Singh abdicates in favour of his son Karan Singh. Sheikh Abdullah and three colleagues join the Indian constituent assembly to discuss provisions of Article 370 under the Indian constitution that is still being drafted.

1950: The Indian constitution comes into force. Under this, Article 1 defines J&K as a state of India, Article 370 accords special status to J&K.


K-DISC inks MoU with LinkedIn to Promote Employability

Kerala Development and Innovation Strategy Council (K-DISC) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional network, along with the ICT Academy of Kerala (ICTAK) under the Kerala Knowledge Economy Mission (KKEM) as a part of Connect Career to Campus campaign (CCC). Kerala government aims to boost employability skills with this partnership among the youth of Kerala to get relevant jobs using LinkedIn.

The MoU was signed and exchanged in the inaugural event of the CCC campaign in the presence of Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan, Minister of Labour and General Education V. Sivankutty, Minster of Higher Education R. Bindu, Minster of LSGD M.V. Govindan and MLA Kadakampally Surendran.

Key Points

  • State Government announces that various products and services will be made available for the students on LinkedIn.

  • The products and services include LinkedIn Insights, curated LinkedIn learning courses, and LinkedIn jobs.

  • LinkedIn will help the students to create their online professional brands.

  • The Executive Vice Chairperson of K-DISC Dr. K.M Abraham ensured that the courses provided to the students will be most updated and modern, and will be relevant to the industry.

  • Ruchee Anand, the Senior Director, Talent and Learning solutions, LinkedIn, makes it easier for the students to understand that through LinkedIn they can fill the gap between upcoming job seekers and professional skills.

What is K-DISC?

K-DISC stands for Kerala Development and Innovation Strategy Council, which is a strategic think-tank and advisory body constituted by the Government of Kerala.

What is ICTAK?

ICTAK stands for ICT Academy of Kerala. It is a social enterprise created in a public partnership model for imparting ICT skills to the youth of Kerala. It is also supported by the Government of India under the partnership of the Government of Kerala and the IT industry.

What is the CCC campaign?

CCC stands for Connect Career to Campus campaign. This campaign works with the aim of ‘Right Job @ Right Time’. It spreads awareness among the youth about emerging industry 4.0 jobs, changes in global labor markets, and the needs for the skills to encourage the students.

World’s largest floating solar power plant going to be built in Khandwa, MP

The world’s largest floating solar power plant is going to be built at Khandwa in Madhya Pradesh. With an aim to increase the power generation capacity of the central state of Madhya Pradesh and address the electricity problems in the region. A floating solar power plant is going to be built in Khandwa which will generate 600 Megawatt power by 2022-23.

The project which is said to world’s largest floating solar plant will be constructed at an estimated cost of over Rs 3,000 crore over the Omkareshwar Dam and it will help generate. Khandwa will become the only district in the state to have all three things including solar, hydel and thermal with over 4,000MW power to be produced from a single district.

Ravinder Takkar named as Chairman of Vodafone Idea

Ravinder Takkar, the managing director (MD) and chief executive officer (CEO) of telecom operator Vodafone Idea Limited (Vi), will replace Himanshu Kapania as the telco’s new chairman. He will step down as non-executive chairman of the board with effect from 18 August this month. However, he will continue to be a part of the VIL board as a non-executive director.

Meanwhile, Vodafone Idea today reported its net loss marginally narrowed to Rs 7,297 crores for the quarter ended June 30, 2022. It reported a net loss of Rs 7,319 crores in the preceding quarter. The telco’s revenue from operations rose 14% to Rs 10,410 crore as against Rs 9,152 crores in Q1FY22.

Oil India named Ranjith Rath as new Chairman & MD

Ranjit Rath has taken over as the Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of state-run Oil India Ltd (OIL). He replaces Sushil Chandra Mishra who retired on 30 June. The newly appointed OIL CMD has so far been associated with diverse roles spanning from strategy formulation, business development and upstream asset management to the application of geosciences and exploration geology in several important projects including the creation of strategic petroleum reserves (SPR).

The career of Ranjit Rath:

  • An alumnus of IIT Bombay and IIT Kharagpur and with an experience of more than 25 years in the field of geosciences, Rath, prior to his appointment as the Oil India CMD, Rath was the CMD Mineral Exploration & Consultancy Ltd.

  • He has also held the positions of the CEO of Khanij Bidesh India Limited, Managing Director of Bharat Gold Mines Ltd and also held additional charge of the Director General of Geological Survey of India.

Why was this Ranjit Rath appointed?

The appointment of the new CMD comes at a crucial time as the company is diversifying into renewable energy businesses along with other energy majors. For the financial year 2021-22, Oil India had reported its highest ever net profit of Rs 3,887.31 crores, rising by 123.20% from the profit of Rs 1,741.59 crores of the previous fiscal.

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