Important Current Affairs for CLAT-6th September 2022

ISRO successfully test Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator

The Inflatable Aerodynamic Deceleration (IAD) was successfully tested by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). The IAD will be used for landing payloads on Mars or Venus in the future. It is specially designed for aerodynamically decelerating an object descending through the atmosphere. The IAD was folded and kept under the payload bay of a sounding rocket that was launched from TERLS Thumba.

Key Points related to Inflatable Aerodynamic Deceleration (IAD)

  • The IAD was taken to an altitude of 84 km by the rocket where it was inflated and descended through the atmosphere with the payload part of the sounding rocket.

  • The main objective of the mission was to demonstrate IAD technology for application in spent stage recovery and planetary entry.

  • The IAD is kept stowed in the nosecone of the single-stage Rohini-300 Sounding Rocket.

  • The IAD systematically reduced the velocity of the payload through aerodynamic drag and followed the predicted trajectory during the test.

  • According to ISRO, all the objectives were successfully demonstrated.

Liz Truss: 3rd female Prime Minister of United Kingdom

Liz Truss: Mary Elizabeth Truss, a British politician who was born on July 26, 1975, is now the leader of the Conservative Party and is slated to become prime minister of the UK on September 6, 2022.

  • Since 2021, she has held the positions of Minister for Women and Equalities and Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Affairs.

  • Liz Truss is a Conservative Party member and has served as the South West Norfolk MP since 2010.

  • Under Prime Ministers Theresa May, Boris Johnson, and David Cameron, she held a number of Cabinet positions.

Liz Truss: Education and Career

  • Truss was president of the Oxford University Liberal Democrats and a student at Oxford’s Merton College.

  • Liz Truss received her degree in 1996 and joined the Conservative Party.

  • She was the deputy director of the Reform think tank as well as a former employee of Shell and Cable & Wireless.

  • Truss worked at Shell from 1996 to 2000, during which time she earned her Chartered Management Accountant (ACMA) certification in 1999. Truss started working with Cable & Wireless in 2000 and advanced to the position of economic director before resigning in 2005.

  • Truss joined Reform as a full-time deputy director in January 2008 after losing her first two elections.

  • There, she pushed for higher academic standards in schools, a stronger emphasis on combating serious and organised crime, and immediate action to address Britain’s declining competitiveness.

  • Among other studies, she coauthored Back To Black: Budget 2009 Paper, Fit for Purpose, A New Level, and The Value of Mathematics.

Liz Truss: Personal Life

  • Truss married fellow accountant Hugh O’Leary in 2000; the two are parents to two daughters.

  • She had an extramarital relationship with married MP Mark Field, who the Conservative Party had designated as her political mentor, from 2004 until mid-2005. Her marriage with O’Leary did, however, remain intact.

Liz Truss: Political Career

  • Liz Truss won the South West Norfolk district in the general election of 2010.

  • Liz Truss advocated for change as a backbencher in a number of policy areas, including childcare, mathematics instruction, and the economy.

  • Liz Truss established the Free Enterprise Group of Conservative MPs and authored or co-authored a number of papers and books, including Britannia Unchained (2012) and After the Coalition (2011).

  • Liz Truss prior to being named by Cameron to the Cabinet as Secretary of State for the Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs during the 2014 cabinet reshuffle, Truss served as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Childcare and Education from 2012 to 2014.

  • She backed the Britain Stronger in Europe movement, which favoured the UK’s continued membership in the EU, during the 2016 referendum, although she later backed Brexit.

  • Truss became the first female Lord Chancellor in the 1,000-year history of the position when she was appointed Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor by May following Cameron’s resignation in July 2016.

  • Truss was chosen to serve as the Treasury’s chief secretary after the 2017 presidential election.

  • Truss endorsed Johnson’s ambition to lead the Conservatives when May announced her resignation in 2019.

  • Truss was given the positions of President of the Board of Trade and Secretary of State for International Trade by him.

  • In September 2019, she added the position of Minister for Women and Equalities to her resume.

  • Johnson gave her a promotion to Foreign Secretary during the 2021 cabinet change.

  • In December 2021, she was named the government’s principal negotiator with the EU and UK chair of the EU-UK Partnership Council.

  • Johnson resigned, and Truss was elected leader of the Conservative Party in 2022.

Liz Truss: Number of ministries and positions hold

  • Junior ministerial career (2012–2014)

  • Secretary of the Environment (2014–2016)

  • Justice Department (2016–2017)

  • Principal Treasury Secretary (2017–2019)

  • Secretary of International Trade (2019–2021)

  • Foreign Minister (2021–present)

Liz Truss: Conservative Party leadership Election 2022

  • Truss declared her intention to run for the Conservative Party leadership election after Boris announced his resignation.

  • Johnson would be replaced. After winning the election, she promised to reduce taxes to help people cope with the expense of life.

  • She also disclosed her long-term strategies for reducing the size of the state and the tax load.

  • Liz Truss, the newly chosen prime minister of the United Kingdom.

Liz Truss: FAQ’S

Ques: What is Liz Truss Nationality?

Ans: Mary Elizabeth Truss, a British politician who was born on July 26, 1975, is now the leader of the Conservative Party and is slated to become prime minister of the UK on September 6, 2022.

Ques: Where did Liz Truss born?

Ans. Liz Truss was born in United Kingdom’s Oxford.

Ques: What position Liz Truss holds?

Ans. Liz Truss since 2010 is the member of the British Parliament.

Ques: What is Liz Truss age?

Ans. Liz Truss is 47 years old. She was born on 26th July 1975.

Ques: How old is Rishi Sunak?

Ans: Rishi Sunak is 42 years old, he was born on 12 May 1980.


Rishi Sunak lost to Liz Truss, who takes over as UK’s new Prime Minister

UK’s new Prime Minister (PM): Liz Truss was elected as the leader of the ruling Conservative Party and the country’s next prime minister. Liz Truss is now the third woman to be elected prime minister of the United Kingdom. By more than 20,000 votes, Liz Truss defeated Rishi Sunak, who is of Indian descent. The country is currently experiencing a cost of living crisis, industrial unrest, and a recession.

UK’s new Prime Minister (PM): Key Points

  • When the results of a vote among Conservative party members are announced, Foreign Secretary Truss, who has been the target of scathing scorn from Moscow for months, will succeed Boris Johnson as the leader of Britain.

  • Truss defeated rival Rishi Sunak in the election.

  • The start of a transfer from Boris Johnson after weeks of a contentious and frequently irate party leadership election that put Truss against a former finance minister named Rishi Sunak.

  • After being embroiled in a scandal for several months, Johnson was compelled to announce his resignation in July.

  • Boris Johnson will travel to Scotland to present his resignation to Queen Elizabeth. He will be succeeded by someone who will be tasked with forming a government.

UK’s new Prime Minister (PM): Liz Truss won and why did Rishi Sunak lose?

  • According to a YouGov poll, Liz had a 62% early advantage over Rishi in the first round between July 20 and July 21, which grew to 69% from July 29 to August 2, and then stabilised at 66% until August 17.

  • Rishi’s popularity oddly declined from a peak of 41% in Q3 2020 to 26% in Q1 2022. While Liz’s popularity increased from 13% to 21% within the same period, Rishi’s popularity graph stayed lower overall.

  • In the UK prime minister election, Rishi Sunak was running against Liz Truss and came short of 20,927 votes to take second place.

  • With 81,326 votes, Liz Truss won the presidency, whereas Rishi received 60,399 votes.

UK’s new Prime Minister (PM): Liz Truss pledge for the UK

  • Liz Truss has promised to take action within a week to address a cost-of-living crisis brought on by skyrocketing energy costs associated with the conflict in Ukraine.

UK’s new Prime Minister (PM): About Liz Truss

  • Mary Elizabeth Truss is a British politician who was born on July 26, 1975.

  • She is the Conservative Party’s leader and the country’s incoming prime minister.

  • She has held the positions of Minister for Women and Equalities since 2019 and Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Affairs since 2021.

UK’s new Prime Minister (PM): About Rishi Sunak

  • British politician Rishi Sunak formerly held the position of Chief Secretary to the Treasury from 2019 to 2020 before serving as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 2020 to 2022.

  • He has served as Richmond’s representative in parliament since 2015 and is a member of the Conservative Party.

UK’s new Prime Minister (PM): About Boris Johnson

  • British politician Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson has held the positions of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 2019 and Leader of the Conservative Party.

  • He gave notice of his resignation on July 7, 2022, with effect from September 5, 2022.

Government of India approve celebrating “Hyderabad Liberation Day” all year long

Hyderabad Liberation Day: The Government of India approved annual commemoration of “Hyderabad Liberation Day ” for the years 2022 to 2023. On September 17, 2022, the Ministry of Culture will organise the inaugural event for the year-long celebration of Hyderabad Liberation Day. The goal is to raise awareness of the tale of sacrifice, heroism, and resistance among the current generation in India as a whole as well as in the region under study.

Hyderabad Liberation Day: Key Points

  • The purpose is to create awareness of the story of resistance, heroism, and sacrifice among the current generation, both in the region under examination and across India.

  • The goal of this year-long memorial is to pay tribute to all those who gave their lives in order to liberate Samsthan and bring it under the control of the Indian Union.

  • The Center plans to observe this day in all three states, even though Maharashtra and Karnataka already recognise it as Marathwada Liberation Day and Hyderabad-Karnataka Liberation Day, respectively.

Hyderabad Liberation Day: Attendees

  • Amit Shah, the union home minister, will attend the inaugural event at Parade Grounds in Hyderabad as a special guest.

  • The Ministry of Culture has also extended invitations to the event to the Chief Ministers of Telangana, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.

Hyderabad Liberation Day: Hyderabad’s liberation

  • There were various princely states that made up India. The princely kingdoms were given the choice of joining India, Pakistan, or remaining independent when the British left India in 1947.

  • The celebration honours India’s conquest of Hyderabad in 1948, which came about as a result of India’s division.

  • 562 of the then-existing 565 princely nations made the decision to join India.

  • However, none of the three princely realms of Hyderabad, Junagadh, or Kashmir either integrated with India or showed any interest in doing so.

  • The entire present-day state of Telangana was a part of the Nizam’s Hyderabad state, as was the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, which included the districts of Aurangabad, Beed, Hingoli, Jalna, Latur, Nanded, Osmanabad, and Parbhani, as well as the Kalaburagi, Bellary Raichur, Yadgir, Koppal, Vijayanagara, and Bidar.

Hyderabad Liberation Day: Post Independence Hyderabad

  • After India gained independence, the Nizam of Hyderabad resisted the idea of joining India and intended to maintain his independence. The last Nizam of Hyderabad’s princely state, Osman Ali Khan Asaf Jah VII, was offered to join India in 1947 but turned it down.

  • Instead, he declared Hyderabad a sovereign state on August 15, 1947, which heightened the tense situation and sparked racial violence.

  • The confusion, the murky discussions, or the revelations that Hyderabad had armed itself with Pakistan’s help did not sit well with the Indian administration.

  • Hyderabad’s freedom was not something the newly independent India wanted since they thought it would cause the nation to become more divided.

  • The idea of an independent Hyderabad was described as “an ulcer in the heart of India that needs to be removed surgically” by the then-Home Minister Sardar Patel.

Hyderabad Liberation Day: Operation Polo

  • India chose the term “Operation Polo” for their decision to conquer Hyderabad. The operation was done under the guidance of Sardar Patel.

  • Hyderabad was taken into India by Police action on September 13, 1948.

  • The Indian Army and Police took Hyderabad under their control and completely incorporated it into Indian territory in a five-day campaign by soundly beating Nizam.

  • 32 people were killed and 97 were injured during the five-day conflict on the Indian side, while 490 people were murdered and 122 were injured on the Hyderabadi side.

Starbucks named Indian-origin executive Laxman Narasimhan as CEO

The coffee giant Starbucks has appointed its new Indian-origin Chief Executive Officer, Laxman Narasimhan. He will join Starbucks on October 1, after replacing Howard Schultz who will continue as interim chief until April 2023. The 55-years-old Indian, Narasimhan, has served as chief executive of Lysol and Enfamil baby formula, UK-based Reckitt Benckiser Group PLC.

About the Starbucks Corporation:

Starbucks Corporation is an American multinational chain of coffeehouses and roastery reserves headquartered in Seattle, Washington. It is the world’s largest coffeehouse chain. As of November 2021, the company had 33,833 stores in 80 countries, 15,444 of which were located in the United States.

Starbucks needed more workers to meet its growth goals. The company had said that it aims to open more than 20,000 cafes globally by the end of the decade. It also needs to improve investor sentiment toward the stock. Starbucks stock, which has trailed other restaurant company shares in recent months, climbed roughly 8% since Schultz’s return was announced last year.

CCRAS ‘SPARK’ Program to Support Innovative Research in Ayurveda

The Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS) takes a unique initiative to support the research efforts of the upcoming bright mind of India. CCRAS has developed the Studentship Program for Ayurveda Research Ken (SPARK) for Ayurveda students (BAMS) in recognized Ayurveda colleges.

Key Points Related to Studentship Program for Ayurveda Research Ken (SPARK)

  • SPARK Program has been developed by the CCRAS to support the young minds of the students and to promote the culture of evidence-based scientific research in the field of Ayurveda.

  • SPARK Program will help the students to develop an acumen for research and to support their research ideas.

  • SPARK Program aims to support the research ideas of the young upcoming students across all the Ayurveda colleges in India.

  • The application process for the SPARK Program will be done online mode.

  • The selected students will be offered financial support of Rs. 50,000 under this fellowship.

5 PSLV rockets to be built by HAL-L&T under a Rs. 860 billion contract

5 PSLV rockets to be built by HAL-L&T: The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, HAL-L&T consortium, making the industry’s first entrance into end-to-end production of polar satellite launch vehicles, has secured a Rs 860 crore contract from NewSpace India Limited to produce five rockets (PSLV rockets). The HAL-L&T cooperation won the right to produce PSLV from beginning to end after three bids were subjected to a techno-commercial examination.

5 PSLV rockets to be built by HAL-L&T: Key Points

  • The consortium would produce five PSLV rockets, India’s dependable workhorse launch vehicle.

  • The PSLV, India’s third-generation launch vehicle, gets its mechanical systems and 60% of its electronic systems from the industry. The remaining percentages in both sectors are extremely complicated, though.

  • Under the GOCO (Government Owned, Contractor Operated) concept, the consortium will now be in charge of manufacturing, putting together, and integrating the launcher.

5 PSLV rockets to be built by HAL-L&T: About NSIL

  • The NSIL also has plans to procure a fully assembled GSLV-Mk III rocket from Indian business associates.

  • The transfer of 10 in-orbit communication satellites from the Government of India to NSIL was authorised by the Union Cabinet in June of this year.

  • The government had approved raising NSIL’s authorised share capital from Rs 1,000 billion to Rs 7,500 billion.

  • The space sector reforms required NSIL to engage in end-to-end commercial space activities and perform the duties of a full-fledged satellite operator.