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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-8th June 2023

Tata Retains Title of India’s Most Valuable Brand, Taj Strongest Brand for 2nd Year in a Row: Brand Finance Report

The Tata Group has once again secured its position as India’s most valuable brand, achieving a brand value of $26.4 billion. This significant milestone marks the first time an Indian brand has surpassed the $25 billion mark, placing Tata in the top 100 of the Brand Finance Global 500 2023 rankings. Additionally, the Taj Group, a luxury hotel giant, emerged as India’s strongest brand for the second consecutive year, with a brand value of $374 million.

Tata Group: A Strategic Transformation:

The Tata Group has undergone a remarkable strategic transformation over the past two years, embracing digitalization and leveraging technology across its diverse portfolio. This forward-thinking approach has not only contributed to its brand value growth but has also positioned the group as a global trailblazer in community welfare and sustainability. The Tata Group achieved an impressive 49th rank globally in the Sustainability Perceptions Value, as per the global Sustainability Perceptions Index.

Taj Group: Maintaining Strength and Prestige:

The Taj Group, a prominent player in the luxury hotels sector, has retained its status as India’s strongest brand for the second consecutive year. With a brand value of $374 million, the Taj Group exemplifies excellence in marketing investment, familiarity, loyalty, staff satisfaction, and corporate reputation. Its consistent performance highlights its commitment to delivering exceptional experiences and upholding its reputation as a symbol of luxury and hospitality.

Mahindra Group: Rising Through the Ranks:

The Mahindra Group has surged to become India’s seventh most valuable brand, with a brand value of $7 billion, reflecting a remarkable 15% growth. The auto major’s exceptional performance includes recording profits exceeding ₹10,000 crore for the first time, on revenues of 1,21,269 crore. Mahindra’s growth can be attributed to factors such as the impetus towards electric vehicles in India, pent-up demand post-pandemic, and its strong presence in the SUV and tractor segments.

Metals Sector and Automotive Industry:

Driving Growth: Brands in the metals sector, including Tata Steel, Hindalco, and Vedanta, have witnessed robust growth driven by infrastructure development and greenfield investments in India. Likewise, Mahindra Auto, Tata Motors, and Maruti Suzuki have experienced double-digit brand value growth, fueled by the electric vehicle revolution and pent-up demand post-pandemic. These trends showcase the resilience and adaptability of Indian brands in response to market dynamics.

Raymond: A Rising Star in the Clothing Industry:

Raymond, a renowned clothing brand, has emerged as India’s most valuable clothing brand for 2023. With an impressive 83.2% rise in brand value to $273 million, Raymond has climbed 55 spots to secure the 94th rank in the India 100 ranking. The brand’s remarkable growth underscores its strong market presence and consumer appeal, positioning it as a leading player in the clothing industry.

India’s Brands on the Global Stage:

Indian brands, including Tata, Infosys, SBI, Airtel, Reliance, Mahindra, Taj Hotels, L&T, Bajaj Auto, Aditya Birla, Tech Mahindra, and MRF, have consistently punched above their weight on the global stage. These brands have embraced the “Made in India” tag with pride and have actively contributed to both their individual brand building and the nation’s brand identity. Their remarkable performance has solidified India’s position as a global hub for top-quality brands.

India and US To Establish Monitoring Group to Boost High-Tech Trade and Tech Partnership

India and the United States have taken a significant step towards deepening cooperation in high-tech trade and technology partnership. During the inaugural meeting of the India-US Strategic Trade Dialogue (IUSSTD) held in Washington D.C., the two nations agreed to establish a monitoring group to review and monitor the progress of their collaborative efforts. The dialogue, a key mechanism under the India-US initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies (iCET), aims to foster strategic technology and trade collaborations. This article delves into the key highlights of the meeting and the importance of this partnership.

Setting up a Monitoring Group for Tech Trade Cooperation:

To ensure effective monitoring of the bilateral high-tech trade and technology partnership, India and the US have decided to establish a dedicated monitoring group. This group will be responsible for reviewing the progress made in deepening cooperation in critical domains such as semiconductors, space, telecom, quantum technology, artificial intelligence, defense, and biotechnology.

Focus on Facilitating Technology Development and Trade:

The IUSSTD meeting emphasized the need for both governments to facilitate the development and trade of technologies in crucial sectors. Recognizing the significance of resilient supply chains, the delegations reviewed relevant bilateral export control regulations. The aim is to diversify and strengthen supply chains for strategic technologies. This collaborative effort will contribute to bolstering technological capabilities and promoting innovation in both countries.

Strengthening Bilateral Export Control Regulations:

India and the US reviewed their ongoing cooperation in multilateral export control regimes and agreed to share best practices. The focus is on aligning export control regulations to support the development and trade of critical technologies. By enhancing awareness among industry, academia, and other stakeholders through workshops and activities, the two nations aim to foster a conducive environment for the growth of high-tech trade.

Enabling Co-Production, Co-Development, and Industrial Collaboration:

Recognizing the potential for co-production, co-development, and enhanced industrial collaborations, the dialogue holds significant promise for both countries. By leveraging their respective strengths, India and the US aim to jointly develop and produce cutting-edge technologies. This collaboration will not only foster economic growth but also strengthen the overall India-US comprehensive global strategic partnership.

Nyaya Vikas Program: Revolutionizing Social Justice in India

The Nyaya Vikas Portal provides stakeholders with convenient access to information regarding funding, documentation, project monitoring, and approval. It offers four efficient methods for logging into the portal, empowering users with seamless accessibility.


Nyaya Vikas is a program initiated by the Department of Justice in 1993-94, aiming to develop infrastructure facilities for districts and subordinate judiciary. The program involves providing central assistance to state governments and UT administrations for constructing court halls and residential units for judicial officers and judges in district and subordinate courts.

The scheme has been extended beyond March 31, 2021, with additional features such as lawyers’ halls, toilet complexes, and digital computer rooms to enhance convenience for lawyers and litigants, in addition to court halls and residential units.

About Nyaya Vikas Program

The funding sharing pattern for the scheme is 60:40 between the central government and state governments (excluding North Eastern and Himalayan States). For North Eastern and Himalayan States, the sharing pattern is 90:10, and for Union Territories, it is 100%. The Nyaya Vikas Portal has been developed to monitor the implementation of this scheme.

Nyaya Vikas Program: Aim and Objectives

  • Since 1993-94, the Department of Justice has been carrying out the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for the Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Districts and Subordinate Judiciary.

  • This scheme provides central assistance to the State Government/UT Administrations for the construction of court halls and residential units for Judicial Officers/Judges of District and Subordinate Courts.

  • The scheme has been extended beyond March 31, 2021, and now includes additional features such as Lawyers Hall, Toilet complexes, and Digital computer rooms to facilitate lawyers and litigants, in addition to court halls and residential units.

  • The funding distribution between the Center and State is 60:40 for States other than North Eastern and Himalayan States.

  • For North Eastern and Himalayan States, the funding distribution is 90:10, and for Union Territories, it is 100%.

  • This portal has been created to monitor the implementation of this Scheme.

Nyaya Vikas Program: Key Objectives

The Nyaya Vikas Program encompasses a range of objectives, all aimed at advancing social justice and inclusive development. Some of the key goals include:

  1. Poverty Alleviation: One of the primary objectives of the program is to alleviate poverty and reduce economic disparity. The initiative focuses on providing financial support, skill development, and employment opportunities to marginalized communities, empowering them to break the cycle of poverty.

  2. Education and Skill Development: Recognizing the transformative power of education, the program emphasizes access to quality education for all. It aims to enhance educational infrastructure, improve teaching standards, and promote skill development programs to equip individuals with the tools needed for a better future.

  3. Healthcare and Sanitation: Nyaya Vikas also places a strong emphasis on improving healthcare facilities and sanitation services in underserved areas. The program aims to strengthen healthcare infrastructure, increase access to medical facilities, and create awareness about hygiene and sanitation practices.

  4. Gender Equality: The program is committed to promoting gender equality and empowering women. It seeks to address issues such as gender-based violence, discrimination, and disparities in access to resources and opportunities. Special initiatives are designed to enhance women’s participation in the workforce and decision-making processes.

Nyaya Vikas Program: Strategies and Implementation

The Nyaya Vikas Program adopts a multi-faceted approach to achieve its objectives. Some of the strategies employed include:

  1. Targeted Welfare Schemes: The program identifies and implements welfare schemes specifically tailored to the needs of marginalized communities. These schemes aim to provide financial assistance, healthcare benefits, and skill development opportunities to the underprivileged.

  2. Capacity Building: The program focuses on capacity building by providing training and support to individuals and communities. This includes vocational training, entrepreneurship development, and workshops on financial literacy to enhance their employability and income-generating capabilities.

  3. Technology and Digital Connectivity: Leveraging the power of technology, the program seeks to bridge the digital divide and promote digital literacy among marginalized sections of society. Access to information and digital connectivity can enable individuals to explore new opportunities and connect with a wider network.

  4. Partnerships and Collaborations: The Nyaya Vikas Program recognizes the importance of collaborative efforts. It actively engages with non-governmental organizations, private sector entities, and civil society to leverage their expertise, resources, and networks in implementing various initiatives.

Nyaya Vikas Program: Potential Impact

The Nyaya Vikas Program has the potential to bring about a significant transformation in India’s societal fabric. By addressing poverty, education, healthcare, and gender disparities, it aims to create a more inclusive and equitable society. The program’s emphasis on skill development and entrepreneurship can lead to the creation of a skilled workforce, stimulating economic growth and reducing unemployment rates.

Moreover, by providing better access to education and healthcare, particularly in rural and remote areas, the program can empower individuals and communities to lead healthier and more prosperous lives. This, in turn, can contribute to a more sustainable and inclusive development trajectory for the nation as a whole.

Nyaya Vikas Program: Vision

The Nyaya Vikas Program represents a crucial milestone in India’s pursuit of social justice and inclusive development. By focusing on poverty alleviation, education, healthcare, and gender equality, the program seeks to uplift marginalized communities and bridge socio-economic gaps. As the program progresses, it will be vital to ensure effective implementation, regular monitoring, and continuous evaluation to maximize its impact. With sustained efforts and collaborative partnerships, the Nyaya Vikas Program has the potential to create a more equitable and prosperous India for all its citizens.

Janardan Prasad appointed new Director-General of Geological Survey of India

Janardan Prasad has been appointed as the new Director General of the Geological Survey of India (GSI). Prasad has taken charge of the 174-year-old institution, succeeding Dr S Raju who has been the Director General since 2020.

About Geological Survey of India (GSI)

  • The Geological Survey of India (GSI), an attached office to the Ministry of Mines, has its headquarters in the city, with six regional offices in Lucknow, Jaipur, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Shillong, and Kolkata.

About Janardan Prasad:

  • Janardan Prasad had previously worked as a geologist in GSI, Gandhinagar in 1988 after earning an MSc in Geology from Patna University.

  • Prasad has also worked in Shillong, Patna, Faridabad, Ranchi, and Hyderabad in various capacities.

  • Before being appointed as the Director General, Janardan Prasad was the Additional Director General and Head of the Department of the southern region.

  • Prasad is an experienced metallogeny and mineral exploration specialist who has conducted extensive research on minerals in Saurashtra and other areas of Gujarat such as limestone, gold, base metal, PGE and bauxite.

  • Furthermore, Janardan Prasad was part of the Justice MB Shah Commission, which investigated illegal mining of iron and manganese in Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, and Odisha.

World Oceans Day 2023: Date, Theme, Significance and History

World Oceans Day, observed annually on June 8th, serves as a global reminder of the crucial role oceans play in sustaining life on Earth. Recognized by the United Nations, this day promotes ocean awareness and encourages people worldwide to take action towards protecting our marine environments. By amplifying the significance of the world’s oceans, we hope to inspire individuals, communities, and governments to work together for a more sustainable future.

Theme of World Oceans Day 2023

Every year, the World Oceans Day is celebrated under a specific theme. This year, the theme of World Oceans day 2023 is “Planet Ocean: The Tides are Changing.” Significance of World Oceans Day 2023

On this day, people come together to understand the sustainable approaches we can employ to protect the resources of the oceans. With the oceans depleting and the coral reefs getting destroyed, the oceans are in danger – this will have a direct impact on human life. Hence, we need to understand the sustainable management of resources and the implementation of sustainable goals to protect the oceans.

History of World Oceans Day 2023

World Oceans Day is an international day celebrated annually on 8 June to raise awareness of the importance of the ocean to the planet and humanity. The concept was originally proposed in 1992 by Canada’s International Centre for Ocean Development (ICOD) and the Ocean Institute of Canada (OIC) at the Earth Summit – UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Ocean Project started global coordination of World Ocean Day starting in 2002. “World Oceans Day” was officially recognised by the United Nations in 2008. The international day supports the implementation of worldwide Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and fosters public interest in the protection of the ocean and the sustainable management of its resources.

Here are some of the key events in the history of World Oceans Day

  • 1992: The concept of World Oceans Day is proposed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.

  • 2002: The Ocean Project starts global coordination of World Oceans Day.

  • 2004: The Ocean Project and World Ocean Network launch a petition to the United Nations to officially recognize World Oceans Day.

  • 2008: The United Nations General Assembly officially recognizes World Oceans Day.

  • 2015: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are adopted by the United Nations, including SDG 14, which calls for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas and marine resources.

  • 2022: World Oceans Day is celebrated for the 30th time.

RBI Updates ‘Alert List’ of Entities Not Authorized to Deal in Forex Trading

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has recently updated its ‘Alert List’ to caution the public about unauthorised forex trading platforms. The list, which initially contained 34 entities, has now been expanded to include eight additional names, bringing the total to 56. This move highlights the RBI’s commitment to protecting residents from fraudulent activities related to forex trading. The central bank has emphasized the need for individuals to verify the authorization status of any entity or Electronic Trading Platform (ETP) before engaging in forex transactions.

Background and Purpose of the Alert List:

In September last year, the RBI introduced the ‘Alert List’ to inform residents about unauthorised forex trading platforms. The list aimed to raise awareness and protect individuals from fraudulent entities operating in the forex market. The primary purpose of the Alert List is to provide a reference point for individuals seeking to ascertain the authorization status of a particular entity or ETP.

Eight New Entities Added to the Alert List:

In its most recent update, the RBI included eight additional names on the Alert List. These entities are QFX Markets, WinTrade, Guru Trade7 Limited, Bric Trade, Rubik Trade, Dream Trade, Mini Trade, and Trust Trade. By expanding the list, the RBI aims to keep the public informed about potential risks associated with dealing with these entities in forex trading.

Importance of Verifying Authorization:

The RBI emphasizes the significance of verifying the authorization status of any person or ETP involved in forex trading. Individuals are encouraged to consult the list of authorized persons and authorized ETPs available on the RBI’s official website. By doing so, they can ensure that they are engaging with legitimate entities and minimizing the risk of falling victim to scams or unregulated activities.

Caution Against Unauthorised Forex Trade:

The RBI reiterates its caution against engaging with entities, platforms, or websites that promote unauthorised forex trade. Residents are advised against remitting or depositing funds, directly or indirectly, in Indian Rupees (INR) or any other currency for forex transactions not permitted under the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) or through ETPs that lack authorization from the RBI. Failure to comply with these regulations may result in penalties or legal actions as outlined in the provisions of FEMA.

Ukraine’s Nova Kakhovka Dam Disaster: Key Points on the Strategically Important Reservoir

In recent events, the Nova Kakhovka Dam in Ukraine has suffered a catastrophic blow, leading to concerns of devastating flooding. Ukraine’s military command has accused Russia of causing the explosion, given the dam’s strategic significance. This article provides a brief overview of the Nova Kakhovka Dam, its importance, previous threats, and the ongoing situation.

Significance of Nova Kakhovka Dam:

The Nova Kakhovka Dam is situated on the Dnipro River in southern Ukraine. Constructed in 1956 as part of the Kakhovka hydroelectric power plant, it holds back a massive reservoir of water, estimated to contain 18 cubic kilometers, similar in volume to Utah’s Great Salt Lake. The dam’s destruction would have severe repercussions locally and affect Ukraine’s broader war effort.

Ukraine’s Nova Kakhovka Dam Disaster

Impact and Repercussions:

The immediate consequences of the dam’s destruction include the potential flooding of settlements downstream, including Kherson, which Ukraine recaptured in 2022. Moreover, the water from the reservoir supplies the Crimean peninsula, annexed by Russia in 2014, and the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant, Europe’s largest. Additionally, the dam’s destruction worsens Ukraine’s energy problems and jeopardizes the canal system that irrigates southern Ukraine, including Crimea.

Previous Threats and Damage:

Ever since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the Nova Kakhovka Dam has been considered a potential target due to its strategic significance and the catastrophic impact its destruction would have. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy had previously warned the West about the potential flooding caused by blowing up the dam. In November, after recapturing parts of Kherson, damage to the dam was observed, with Russia accusing Ukraine of shelling it during their campaign.

Recent Developments:

In May, nearby villagers reported ongoing flooding, attributing it to Russia’s occupation of Nova Kakhovka. The water level of the Dnipro River had been rising since April, sometimes by up to 30cm per day, leading to elevated levels that caused flooding in the Zaporizhzhia region. Ukrainian officials linked the increased water levels to Russia’s occupation of the dam, though they lacked direct access to confirm the activities at the site.


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