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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-12th January 2023

Nation celebrates National Youth Day On January 12

National Youth Day is celebrated every year on January 12 to mark the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda.

National Youth Day 2023

National Youth Day is celebrated every year on January 12 to mark the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda. Every year on this occasion, the government organises National Youth Festival in collaboration with one state willing to host from January 12 to January 16. This year Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurate the festival on January 12 in Huballi, Karnataka.

The basic objective of National Youth Day is to bring the youth of the country together in an attempt to showcase their talents in various activities to cover almost all socio-cultural aspects of life, providing an opportunity to amateur young artists to express themselves and interact with fellow artists and to further learn the new art forms from experts of various disciplines.

Theme of National Youth Festival 

The Centre said the festival is held to provide exposure to youths at a national level and this year’s theme for the four-day programme is “Viksit Yuva – Viksit Bharat (Developed Youth – Developed India)”.

This year host state of National Youth Festival 

This year the festival is being organized by the Union Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports in collaboration with the Karnataka. The event will be held from January 12 to January 16, 2023, at Hubballi- Dharwad, Karnataka. More than 30,000 youth will attend the inaugural function where the Prime Minister will share his vision with them. During this unique five-day event, over 7500 youth delegates from all over India, recognized and leaders in their own field of activity, get together to engage in different learning activities.

History of National Youth Day

In the year 1985, the government had declared the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, January 12, as ‘National Youth Day’. Since then, all the centres of Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission have been celebrating the occasion through various programmes.

About Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda, born Narendranath Datta on January 12, 1863, was a disciple of Sri 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna Paramhansa. He went on to become a key figure in the introduction of the Indian darsanas (teachings, practices) of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world and was credited with raising interfaith awareness.

Vivekanand was highly regarded as a major force in the contemporary Hindu reform movements in India and contributed to the concept of nationalism in colonial India.

Famous for his famous speech in Parliament of World’s Religions in Chicago, 1893, he focused on channelling the energy of the youth.

As his teachings and practices had a huge influence on the youth, the Government of India in 1984 declared January 12 day as National Youth Day.

Herbalife Nutrition India signed Smriti Mandhana as sponsored sports athlete

Nutrition company Herbalife Nutrition India Private Limited is partnering with international women’s cricketer, Smriti Mandhana as a ‘nutrition sponsor’.

Smriti Mandhana

Nutrition company Herbalife Nutrition India Private Limited is partnering with international women’s cricketer, Smriti Mandhana as a ‘nutrition sponsor’. She has had an incredible journey, taking the cricket world by storm with her batting performances. Currently, she is the vice captain of the Indian women’s national cricket team. Herbalife Nutrition has signed over 100 sponsorship deals with varied world-class athletes, teams and events. Multiple renowned Indian athletes like Virat Kohli, Mary Kom, Lakshya Sen, and Manika Batra have partnered up with Herbalife Nutrition.

Recent performance by Smiti Mandana:

Mandhana’s performance on the field made her the first Indian women cricketer to be recognized as the ICC Women’s ODI Cricketer of the Year in 2018.

The same year saw her winning the Rachael Heyhoe Flint Award, a feat she repeated in 2021.

Early on in her cricket career, she won BCCI’s MA Chidambaram Trophy for best woman cricketer for the year 2013-14.

She was also the only Indian player to be named in the ICC Women’s Team of the Year 2016.

She was also honoured with the Arjuna Award in 2019.

What is U.S. ‘Title 42’ Immigration Policy

The US announced that it will extend COVID-19 pandemic-era restrictions, known as Title 42, to expel migrants from Nicaragua, Cuba and Haiti caught crossing the U.S.-Mexico border back to Mexico.

The United States announced that it will extend COVID-19 pandemic-era restrictions, known as Title 42, to expel migrants from Nicaragua, Cuba and Haiti caught crossing the U.S.-Mexico border back to Mexico. The move would block more nationalities from seeking asylum in the United States, and raises questions about the implications of this policy expansion and its legality. At the same time, the White House said it would open more legal pathways for migrants from those nations to apply to enter the country from abroad.

What is Title 42 and Why was it Implemented:

Title 42 is an immigration policy that was implemented by the U.S. health authorities in March 2020, during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The policy was implemented to allow border agents to rapidly send migrants crossing the U.S.-Mexico border back to Mexico or other countries. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said at the time it was needed to stem the spread of COVID-19 in crowded detention settings.

The policy was implemented under Republican former President Donald Trump.

What did the Supreme Court rule on Title 42:

A federal judge in Louisiana blocked the termination after a legal challenge brought by a group of two dozen U.S. states with Republican attorneys general who argued that increased migration would saddle their states with costs.

A Washington, D.C.-based judge struck down Title 42 on Nov. 15. The judge, U.S. District Judge Emmet Sullivan, ruled Title 42 violated federal regulatory law but delayed the effective date of his decision until Dec. 21 to give authorities time to prepare.

The Biden Administration and Title 42:

U.S. President Joe Biden, a Democrat who took office in January 2021, campaigned on a promise to reverse Trump’s restrictive asylum policies. While Biden moved to end some Trump restrictions, he left Title 42 in place for more than a year, exempting unaccompanied children but allowing U.S. authorities to send hundreds of thousands of migrants, including families, back to Mexico. Since Biden took office, there have been record numbers of migrants caught crossing the U.S.-Mexico border, causing operational and political challenges for his administration.

Why is the Biden Administration expanding Title 42:

It is likely that the decision is based on operational and political challenges that have risen as a result of record numbers of migrants crossing the U.S.-Mexico border since the Biden Administration took office.

The expanding of the Title 42 policy will have significant consequences on migrants from these countries who will be blocked from seeking asylum in the United States. The legality of this policy expansion is also questionable and will likely be challenged in the courts.

DAC Nod to VSHORAD Missile Systems Being Designed by DRDO

Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) cleared the proposal for procurement of VSHORAD (IR Homing) missile system under design and development by the Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO).

In an effort to shore up the air defence systems all along the Line of Actual Control(LAC) facing China, the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) cleared the proposal for procurement of VSHORAD (IR Homing) missile system under design and development by the Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO). In view of the recent developments along the Northern borders(China) there is a need to focus on effective Air Defence (AD) weapon systems which are man portable and can be deployed quickly in rugged terrain and maritime domain. Procurement of VSHORAD, as a robust and quickly deployable system, will strengthen the Air Defence capabilities.

About The Timeline of This Procurement:

India has been in talks with Russia since 2018 to procure the Igla-S air defence missiles at a cost of $1.5 billion under the VSHORAD programme in a bid to replace the Russian Igla-M systems which have been in use with the Army. However, with a strong pitch for ‘Atmanirbharta’ in defence, there has been little progress on this front in the last two years, with sources indicating that the deal has been put on hold for now.

About Very Short Range Air Defence System or VSHORAD (IR Homing) missile system:

It is a man-portable air defence system (MANPADS).

These are short-range, lightweight and portable surface-to-air missiles that can be fired by individuals or small groups to destroy aircraft or helicopters.

They are having a maximum range of 8 kilometres and can engage targets at altitudes of 4.5 km.

The missile incorporates many novel technologies including a miniaturized Reaction Control System (RCS) and integrated avionics, which have been successfully proven during the tests.

The RCS is responsible for attitude control and steering by the use of thrusters and is also capable of providing small amounts of thrust in any desired direction or combination of directions.

As per the defence ministry, the missile—which is propelled by a dual thrust solid motor—incorporates many novel technologies including miniaturised Reaction Control System (RCS) and integrated avionics, which were successfully proven during the tests conducted last year. The DRDO has designed the missile and its launcher in a way to ensure easy portability.

Designed and developed by:

DRDO’s Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories and Indian Industry Partners.

Gabon names Vice-President and new Prime Minister

Gabon's President Ali Bongo on Monday appointed the country's first female Prime Minister Rose Christiane Ossouka Raponda to the role of Vice-President and named a new PM to replace her.

Gabon’s President Ali Bongo appointed the country’s first female Prime Minister Rose Christiane Ossouka Raponda to the role of Vice-President and named a new PM to replace her.

Ossouka Raponda, 59, was appointed in July 2020 after her predecessor stepped down. She was Defence Minister before that. Ossouka Raponda was named Budget Minister in 2012 before being elected mayor of the capital Libreville in 2014, becoming the first woman to hold that position since 1956. She had to navigate a delicate political scene as Prime Minister after a coup attempt in 2019 while Bongo was on prolonged medical leave following a stroke.

Former Minister Alain-Claude Bilie By Nze will replace Ossouka Raponda and form a new government, Bongo’s secretary general Jean-Yves Teale said in a video statement posted on the presidency’s Twitter account.

About Gabon:-

Gabon, is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. Located on the equator, it is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. There are coastal plains, mountains (the Cristal Mountains and the Chaillu Massif in the centre), and a savanna in the east.

PayRup: India’s Fastest Payment App PayRup Launched

India's fastest payment app PayRup was launched in India on 9th January 2023. PayRup is built with the finest technology of web 3.0.

India’s fastest payment app PayRup was launched in India on 9th January 2023. PayRup is built with the finest technology of web 3.0. PayRup provides an advanced digital payment experience with an outstanding user experience. PayRup users can pay utility bills and landline bills, recharge their mobile, broadband, DTH, and purchase gift cards.

PayRup: India’s Fastest Payment App PayRup Launched -Key Points

PayRup services are planned to expand across various financial instruments.

These instruments include multiple payment services such as school fees, pay rent, and other payment collection services.

PayRup has announced ticketing and booking services for flights, buses, and hotels along with other USPs.

PayRup opens 24/7 customer care facilities for help and support for users.

Customer Support desk runs with leading CRM technologies and supports by the global standard.

PayRup ensured the 5 dimensions of service quality and follows SERVQUAL standards to provide the best service experience.

PayRup gives 5% cashback for all payments through the app as a New Year offer, and users of PayRup are getting benefits from the cashback offer for day-to-day financial services.

The launching event was hosted in Lulu Mall, Bangalore, and was launched by Mahadevappa Halagatti.

Vivek Agnihotri’s ‘The Kashmir Files’ selected for Oscars 2023

Vivek Agnihotri's film 'The Kashmir Files' has been shortlisted for Oscars 2023. That means now this film has qualified to get an Oscar.

The Kashmir Files

Vivek Agnihotri’s film ‘The Kashmir Files’ has been shortlisted for Oscars 2023. That means now this film has qualified to get an Oscar. Actors Anupam Kher, Mithun Chakraborthy, Darshan Kumar and Pallavi Joshi are also shortlisted for the best actor category. The story of Kashmir Files revolves around the mass exodus of Kashmiri Pandits in the year 1990 following systematic killings of people from the community by Pakistan-backed terrorists. The film was released in theatres in March 2022.

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has announced its list of films that are eligible for a nomination at the Oscars 2023. After RRR, there are three major entries from the Hindi film industry on the list namely The Kashmir Films, Gangubai Kathiawadi, and Rocketry. The films that impressed moviegoers with their storylines are expected to compete in their respective categories with some of the finest movies is shortlisted for the 95th Academy Awards.

Golden Globes Winners 2023 announced, check the complete list

Other shorlisted movie’s:

Rishabh Shetty’s ‘Kantara’, Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s ‘Gangubai Kathiawadi’, Paan Nalin’s ‘The Chello Show’ and SS Rajamouli’s ‘RRR’ have also made it to the Oscar shortlist.

Originally made in Kannada with a budget of less than Rs 16 crore, ‘Kantara’ went on to become one of the highest-grossing Kannada films with Rs 400 crore at the box office.

Marathi films Me Vasantrao, Tujhysa Sathi Khai Hi, Kannada film ‘Vikrant Rona’ and R Madhavan’s ‘Rocketry: The Nambi Effect’ have also been shortlisted for Oscars 2023.

The film ‘Rocketry: The Nambi Effect’ is a biopic of ISRO scientist Nambi Narayanan, who was accused of spying for ISRO and was later acquitted.

Apart from these, Shaunak Sen and Kartiki Gonsalves’ documentary ‘All That Breathes’ ‘The Elephant Whispers’ is also a part of the list.

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