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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-13th April 2023

Jallianwala Bagh massacre 104th anniversary

On April 13, 1919, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in Amritsar, Punjab, which is remembered as a tragic event and a symbol of the atrocities committed against the Indian people.

On April 13, 1919, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in Amritsar, Punjab, which is remembered as a tragic event and a symbol of the atrocities committed against the Indian people during the British colonial era. The massacre played a significant role in India’s fight for independence, as it increased the nation’s determination to achieve self-rule and break free from British subjugation. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Day 2023 marks 104 years since the tragic incident that is seen as a turning point in Indian History. It was this that led to Gandhi’s full commitment to the cause of Indian nationalism and independence from Britain.

Why people’s are gathered in Jallianwala Bagh?

The British military officer, General Dyer, on April 13, 1919 entered the Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar) with his troops, where people had gathered to peacefully protest against the arrest of the two nationalist leaders, Satya Pal and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew. Without so much as a warning to the people to disperse, he ordered his troops to fire at the unarmed crowd. The onslaught lasted ten minutes till their ammunition was exhausted, after which the British soldiers left. A total of 1,650 rounds were fired, and more than 500 people were killed and murdered. The exact number of casualties remains unknown.

On the morning of Baisakhi, Colonel Reginald Dyer had announced the implementation of a curfew throughout Amritsar and a ban on all processions that even prohibited a group of 4 or more people to meet publicly. At about 12:40 PM, Dyer received confidential information about the meeting taking place at Jallianwala Bagh that may result in riots and protests.

General Dyer’s Orders: 

General Dyer had issued orders to his troops to shoot at the protesters without warning. He later defended his actions by saying that he wanted to teach the Indians a lesson and that he would have used even more force if he had more troops at his disposal. There were about 25,000 people present there at the time of the firing. Some tried to escape while some choose to jump in the solitude well built in the premises of Jallianwala Bagh. The troops were ordered to start shooting from the most densely crowded spot to harm the maximum number of people.

Who take revenge of Jallianwala Bagh massacre?

After the tragedy, Sardar Udham Singh avenged his people by killing the British officer serving as Governor General of Punjab, Michael O’Dwyer. He was Born on December 26, 1899, Udham Singh was a member of the Ghadar Party and the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). The assassination of Michael O’Dwyer, the ex-lieutenant governor of Punjab, brought him widespread notoriety. Singh carried out the murder in retaliation for the 1919 slaughter at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar. The recognized martyr (born Sher Singh) was born to Tehal Singh, a manual laborer, and Narain Kaur, a housekeeper, in the vicinity of Pilbad, some 130 miles from British India’s Lahore. His older brother Sadhu was two years older than him, making him the youngest. They lost both parents at an early age, both to separate mishaps.

The Memorial:

In 1951, a memorial was built at Jallianwala Bagh to commemorate the victims of the massacre. The park, which covers an area of approximately 6.5 acres, contains a museum that displays artefacts related to the incident. Every year on April 13, people gather at the park to pay their homage to the victims. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre remains a dark chapter in India’s history, and its impact can still be felt today. The incident served as a catalyst for India’s freedom struggle and inspired many Indians to fight for their independence.

Freedom House Index: Tibet ranked world’s least free country

A recent report by Tibet Press highlights that, according to the Freedom in the World Index for 2023 published by international watchdog Freedom House, Tibet is the country with the least freedom.

A recent report by Tibet Press highlights that, according to the Freedom in the World Index for 2023 published by international watchdog Freedom House, Tibet is the country with the least freedom in the world. The report, titled “Freedom in the World 2023 Report,” was released by Freedom House on March 9 and identified Tibet, South Sudan, and Syria as the “least-free countries” in the world. This is the third consecutive year that Tibet has been ranked at the bottom of the list in Freedom House’s surveys conducted in 2021 and 2022. The report stated that residents of Tibet were deprived of basic rights, both Chinese and Tibetan, and that the Chinese government is ruthless in suppressing any signs of dissent among Tibetans.

The UN Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights recently published its Third Periodic Review report on March 6, which emphasized that numerous issues related to the human rights of Tibetans require urgent attention from the international community. As the Chinese government continues to pursue its policy of “Chineseizing” Tibet, the world is closely monitoring its actions. The article suggests that what matters most is the extent to which measures are taken to halt the attack on Tibetan culture and identity.

According to a report by Tibet Press citing the Tibet Rights Collective (TRC), the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has taken another step forward in its efforts to assimilate Tibetans by establishing a “Chinese Nation Community Consciousness Building Research Center” in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR). The center is intended to promote “national consciousness” among Tibetans, indicating that the CCP’s efforts to “Chineseize” Tibetans are continuing.

Retail inflation moderates to 5.66% in March from 6.44% in February

India's Annual Retail Inflation for March Eases Below Central Bank's Tolerance Level for the First Time in 2023. India's annual retail inflation for March eased to 5.66% from 6.44% in February.

India’s Annual Retail Inflation for March Eases Below Central Bank’s Tolerance Level for the First Time in 2023. According to the NSO data, India’s annual retail inflation for March eased to 5.66% from 6.44% in February. This is a positive development for the economy, as it indicates that inflationary pressures may be easing. The central bank’s upper tolerance level for inflation is 6%, so the current rate is below this level, which is a welcome change.

RBI’s Approach to Tackle the Inflation:

The central bank has raised the benchmark repurchase rate by a total of 250 basis points since May 2022 in an attempt to control rising prices.

The RBI had previously estimated the average annual retail inflation for the last fiscal year to be 6.5%. Despite concerns about core inflation, which remains above 6% when excluding volatile food and fuel prices, the Monetary Policy Committee, led by Governor Shaktikanta Das, surprised many by announcing that they would maintain the policy rate at 6.5%. Additionally, the MPC revised down their forecast for CPI inflation from 5.3% to 5.2%.

India’s first 3D-printed post office to come up in Bengaluru

According to recent news reports, a 3D-printed post office is being built in Bengaluru, India, which will be the first of its kind in the country.

According to recent news reports, a 3D-printed post office is being built in Bengaluru, India, which will be the first of its kind in the country. Residents of Cambridge Layout are reportedly pleased with this development. The cost of constructing this post office is estimated to be 30 to 40 percent lower than that of a traditional building, and it is expected to be completed within 30 days. The 1100 square feet post office will cost around Rs 23 lakh to construct.

More about India’s first 3D-printed post office:

The use of 3D printing technology can significantly reduce construction costs and expedite the building process, which would otherwise take several months. The proposed three-storied post office in Bengaluru has received clearance from the Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs and IIT-Madras for its 3D printing. This will be India’s first 3D-printed post office building.

India’s first 3D-printed building:

In December 2020, L&T successfully constructed a 700 square feet building with reinforcement, using 3D printing technology for the first time in India. L&T used an in-house developed concrete mix made from regular construction materials that were readily available in India, and a fully automated 3D printer for the construction at their facility in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. The building was printed with both vertical reinforcement bars and horizontal distributors using welded mesh, which meets the provisions of Indian codes and helps optimize the cost of construction.

China records world’s first human death from H3N8 bird flu

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that a woman from Guangdong, a southern province of China, has died from a rare strain of bird flu that is not commonly found in humans.

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that a woman from Guangdong, a southern province of China, has died from a rare strain of bird flu that is not commonly found in humans. Although three people have been confirmed to have been infected with the H3N8 subtype of avian influenza, this strain does not seem to transmit from person to person. The deceased woman was 56 years old.

What is H3N8 bird flu?

H3N8 is a subtype of the influenza A virus.

It primarily affects birds, particularly wild waterfowl and shorebirds.

It is not commonly found in humans, but rare cases of human infections have been reported.

Symptoms in humans are similar to other types of flu, including fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches, and fatigue.

Human infections are usually linked to exposure to infected birds or contaminated environments.

There is no evidence of human-to-human transmission of H3N8 bird flu.

Genetic mutations could potentially increase the virus’s transmissibility or virulence.

SEBI unveils new logo on Its Foundation Day

SEBI's new logo retains the organization's traditional blue color palette while reflecting the aspirations of a modern and prosperous India.

On the occasion of Sebi Foundation Day, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) unveiled its new logo at a ceremony held in Mumbai. The new logo represents SEBI’s commitment to facilitating economic growth through capital formation, while also incorporating the power of technology and data into policy-making.

The new Logo of SEBI

The logo retains the traditional blue color palette but also reflects a vision for a modern and prosperous India. Former and present members of SEBI were present at the unveiling ceremony.

SEBI New LOGO

Significance of the new SEBI logo

Madhabi Puri Buch, the Chairperson of SEBI, explained that the new logo is intended to represent SEBI’s combination of traditional values and its modern, technology-driven approach to its three areas of focus in the securities market: market development, market regulation, and investor protection.

SEBI’s history is closely tied to significant events in India’s financial markets, such as the Harshad Mehta scam in 1992, which led to the establishment of the SEBI Act. Over time, SEBI has evolved to become more focused on protecting investors and promoting market growth, as reflected in its recent rebranding efforts.

About SEBI:

SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) is a regulatory body for the securities and commodity market in India.

It was established on April 12, 1988, and is owned by the Ministry of Finance.

SEBI was given more power and authority with the SEBI Act following the Harshad Mehta scam in 1992.

SEBI has focused on protecting investors and promoting market growth over the years.

The organization has rebranded itself as an investor-friendly body.

SEBI has implemented significant rules and regulations to shape the securities and commodity markets in India.

MP’s Gond Painting of Acquires GI Tag

The well-known Gond painting of Madhya Pradesh has been granted the coveted Geographical Indication (GI) tag, which safeguards and acknowledges the work of tribal artists and requires approval.

The well-known Gond painting of Madhya Pradesh has been granted the coveted Geographical Indication (GI) tag, which safeguards and acknowledges the work of tribal artists and requires approval from a committee for non-tribal artists to use the art. A GI tag is a symbol used on items that are exclusively produced in a specific geographical region and have characteristics or a reputation that are associated with that location. This tag is applied to a variety of goods, including food products, handicrafts, industrial items, agriculture products, and alcoholic beverages. The GI Tag certifies that only the registered and authorised user is permitted to use the name of the popular product.

Patangarh village in Dindori district is a noteworthy village where every household has an artist, and their artwork is not only popular in the state but also internationally recognized. Narbadiya Armo, a physically disabled tribal woman from Khannat village, produces mouth paintings and serves as a role model for women who feel helpless. With the GI tag, Narbadiya Armo’s paintings will receive recognition, a unique identity, and a fair price for her artwork.

Aparesh Kumar Singh is new chief justice of Tripura HC

Justice Aparesh Kumar Singh has been appointed as the new chief justice of the Tripura High Court, replacing Justice Jaswant Singh who recently retired.

Justice Aparesh Kumar Singh has been appointed as the new chief justice of the Tripura High Court, replacing Justice Jaswant Singh who recently retired. The Department of Justice in the Law Ministry issued a notification stating that President, under the powers conferred by Article 217 of the Constitution of India, has appointed Justice Aparesh Kumar Singh, who is a judge at the Jharkhand High Court, to assume the position of the Chief Justice of the Tripura High Court with effect from the date he takes charge of the office. Justice Singh was born on July 7, 1965, and started his career as an advocate in 1990.

On January 25, the collegium approved the nomination of Justice Jaswant Singh, a judge of the Orissa high court, as chief justice of the Tripura high court. However, a week after Justice Singh’s appointment, on February 19, 2023, Justice Singh announced his retirement from the service. The collegium then recommended that Justice Aparesh Kumar Singh be appointed chief justice of the Tripura high court. Since Justice Indrajit Mahanty retired from the Tripura High Court on November 10 of last year, the position of chief justice has been vacant.

Todupunuri Amarnath Goud, who took over as interim chief justice of the Tripura high court in February, has been replaced by Singh. Since 1990, Singh has worked as a lawyer in the high courts of Patna and Jharkhand. Later, in 2012, he was elevated to the position of additional judge in the Jharkhand High Court. From December 22, 2017 to February 19, 2018, he also served as the high court’s interim chief justice.

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