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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-13th February 2023

12th World Hindi Conference Inaugurated at Fiji

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and Fiji Prime Minister Sitiveni Rabuka to inaugurate the three-day event ’ the 12th World Hindi Conference at the Pacific Island nation.

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and Fiji Prime Minister Sitiveni Rabuka to inaugurate the three-day event’ the 12th World Hindi Conference on 15th February at the Pacific Island nation. The 12th World Hindi Conference, scheduled to be held at Nadi from 15th February to 17th February 2023, will be on the theme “Hindi – Traditional Knowledge to Artificial Intelligence”.

12th World Hindi Conference Inaugurated at Fiji- Key Points

The conference will be spread over one plenary session and ten parallel sessions on topics such as Hindi in Girmitiya countries, Hindi in Fiji and the Pacific, Information Technology, and Hindi in the 21st century.

It also includes topics such as Media and the global perception of Hindi; global reference to Indian knowledge traditions and Hindi; Linguistic coordination and Hindi translation.

Parallel sessions on different forms of Hindi cinema and the global scenario, global market and Hindi, Pravasi Hindi literature in the changing scenario, and Hindi teaching in India and abroad, challenges and solutions will also be held.

Hindi scholars from India and other countries will be awarded the “Vishwa Hindi Samman” for their exceptional contributions to the Hindi language during the conference.

A 270-person delegation of Hindi scholars and officials will attend the Fiji conference. Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) Secretary (East) Saurabh Kumar said representatives from 50 countries are expected to participate.

Fiji is hosting the conference for the first time and is home to a large Indian diaspora. Over 37 percent of the Pacific Island country’s population is of Indian descent, with many speaking Hindi, one of Fiji’s three official languages, alongside English and Fijian.

The conference will feature exhibitions on the evolution of Hindi. Indian Council for Cultural Relations has also proposed cultural programs and Kavi Sammelan.

World Radio Day 2023 is observed on 13th Feb

World Radio Day is observed every year on February 13 to mark the important role that radio plays in our lives and in society.

World Radio Day 2023

World Radio Day is celebrated every year on February 13 to mark the important role that radio plays in our lives and in society. The objective of World Radio Day is to raise public awareness of the importance of radio and to encourage decision makers to use it to provide access to information, and to improve international co-operation among broadcasters.

World Radio Day 2023: Theme

In 2023, the theme for the World Radio Day is “Radio and Peace” which aims to focus on the importance of independent radio to foster peace and prevent conflict. The theme for World Radio Day changes each year and is designed to focus attention on specific aspects of the role of radio in society.

World Radio Day: History of the day

The day was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2012, and its history can be traced back to the first International Radio Conference in Geneva in 1974. February 13 was chosen as World Radio Day as it was the day of the establishment of the United Nations Radio in 1946.

World Radio Day 2023: Inventor of Radio

The radio was invented in 1895 by Italian physicist and inventor Guglielmo Marconi. He is credited with being the first to develop a practical and successful system of wireless communication, which laid the foundation for the widespread use of radio technology. The radio quickly became one of the most important forms of communication of the 20th century, revolutionizing the way people received and shared information. Radio broadcasting became a vital source of news, entertainment, and educational content, connecting communities and promoting understanding across borders. The radio continues to play a significant role in our lives today, serving as a source of information and entertainment while helping connect people around the world.

AMRITPEX 2023 Inaugurated by Communications Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw

The Minister for Communications, Electronics & Information Technology and Railways, Ashwini Vaishnaw inaugurated AMRITPEX 2023 - National Philatelic Exhibition.

The Minister for Communications, Electronics & Information Technology and Railways, Ashwini Vaishnaw inaugurated AMRITPEX 2023 – National Philatelic Exhibition. This five-day Mahakumbh of Stamps is being celebrated from 11th February to 15th February 2023 and is being organized as a part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav Celebrations.

The Minister of State for Communications, Devusinh Chauhan, Secretary, Department of Posts, Vineet Pandey, Director General Postal Services, Alok Sharma, and other dignitaries were present on the occasion.

AMRITPEX 2023 Inaugurated by Communications Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw – Key Points

Ashwini Vaishnaw informed that under the vision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Postal department has transformed totally and has become a digital network for banking, service delivery, and social security payments network.

He also emphasized the emerging role of stamps and philately in educating young minds about our rich culture, heritage, and history and to take pride in our roots.

Devusinh Chauhan informed that AMRITPEX is the national platform to highlight and display the 5000 years old rich history and culture of this great nation.

He also noted that under the visionary leadership of the Prime Minister, the trustworthy network of India Post has been revamped for doorstep delivery of financial services.

The opening ceremony of AMRITPEX 2023 was attended by a large number of school students and philatelists from all parts of the country.

The exhibition displays more than 20,000 exhibits under 13 competitive categories and invitees. A special section on Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav has also been included with encouraging participation by youth and budding philatelists.

The Department of Posts also released a Commemorative Postage Stamp on Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.

This stamp has been designed from the best entries of the national wide design competition in which more than 4 lakh students participated.

This competition was organized at the Pan India level in partnership with the Department of School Education and the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The national winners of this competition were also felicitated during the event.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi Inaugurates Aero India 2023 with hopes of local production boost

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 14th edition of Aero India 2023 in Bengaluru, an event seen to be a great business opportunity when New Delhi is looking to push indigenous products.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 14th edition of its flagship aero show in Bengaluru, an event seen to be a great business opportunity when New Delhi is looking to push indigenous products, modernise Soviet-era equipment and as domestic carriers add fleet.

Aero India 2023: Theme:

The theme of Aero India 2023 is “The Runway to a Billion Opportunities”.

About Aero India 2023:

Aero India 2023, Asia’s largest aero show, will run from February 13 to February 17, displaying locally-produced equipment and technologies to attract partnerships with foreign companies. The event will include aerial displays by aircraft and helicopters, as well as a large exhibition and trade fair of aerospace and defence companies.

About 809 companies from 98 countries are likely to take part in the event.

India’s Defence Indigenisation:

India, which was for decades an importer in defence sector, is now exporting defence equipment to 75 countries. Defence equipment exports in the last five years have increased six-fold, Modi said in his inaugural address.

India has crossed $1.5 billion of defence equipment exports in 2021-2022. “Our target is by 2024-2025, the defence exports amount will rise to up to $5 billion,” Modi said.

India, under its “Make in India” policy, has been keen on manufacturers such as Lockheed Martin Corp, Boeing, and Airbus to make more than parts in the country and share technology.

The share of domestic procurement in the total procurement has been on an uptrend. In 2018-19, the domestic procurement stood at 54% of the total procurement, this figure jumped to 59% in 2019-20 and to 64% in 2020-21. This year it has been increased to 68% for domestic procurement, of this 25% budget has been earmarked for procurement from private industry.

With focus of Government on indigenisation and procurement of defence products from the domestic resources, the expenditure on defence procurement from foreign sources has reduced from 46% to 36% in the last four years i.e. from 2018-19 to 2021-22.

Till October 2022, a total of 595 Industrial Licences have been issued to 366 companies operating in Defence Sector.

Government has also established two Defence Industrial Corridors, one each in Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu to attract investments in Aerospace & Defence sector and established a comprehensive defence manufacturing ecosystem in the country.

President Draupadi Murmu named new governors in 12 states and 1 UT

President Droupadi Murmu has approved the appointments of new Governors for as many as 13 states.

President Draupadi Murmu named new governors in 12 states and 1 UT 

President of India Droupadi Murmu appointed 13 new Governors while accepting the resignations of Bhagat Singh Koshyari as Governor of Maharashtra and of Radha Krishnan Mathur as Lt. Governor of Ladakh on 12 February. Following is the complete list of new governors who have been appointed. These appointments will take effect from the dates they assume charge of their respective offices :-

The fresh appointments

State Name

Governor of Arunachal Pradesh Lt. General Kaiwalya Trivikram Parnaik (Retired)

Governor of Sikkim Lakshman Prasad Acharya,

Governor of Jharkhand C P Radhakrishnan,

Governor of Himachal Pradesh Shiv Pratap Shukla,

Governor of Assam Gulab Chand Kataria,

Governor of Andhra Pradesh S. Abdul Nazeer,

Change of states of some current governors

State Name

Governor of Andhra Pradesh appointed as Governor of Chhattisgarh Justice (Retd) Biswa Bhusan Harichandan

Governor of Chhattisgarh appointed as Governor of Manipur Anusuiya Uikye

Governor of Manipur appointed as Governor of Nagaland La. Ganesan

Governor of Bihar appointed as Governor of Meghalaya Phagu Chauhan

Governor of Himachal Pradesh appointed as Governor of Bihar Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar

Governor of Arunachal Pradesh appointed as Lt. Governor of Ladakh Brig (Dr) B D Mishra (Retd)

Governor of Jharkhand appointed as Governor of Maharashtra Ramesh Bais

How are Governors appointed?

Article 153 of the Constitution says “There shall be a Governor for each State.”

According to Article 155 “the Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal”.

Under Article 156, “the Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the President”, but his term shall be five years.

Articles 157 and 158 lay down the qualifications and terms of office of the Governor.

Age and eligibility

The Governor must be a citizen of India and must have completed 35 years of age.

The Governor should not be a member of Parliament or State Legislature, and should not hold any other office of profit.

The position of Governor is envisaged as a political head who has to act on the advice of the Council of Ministers of the State.

Here are some Constitutional Articles related to Governor:

Article 153– Governors of states

Article 154– Executive power of state

Article 155– Appointment of Governor

Article 156– Term of office of Governor

Article 157– Qualifications for appointment as Governor

Article 158– Conditions of Governor’s office

Article 159– Oath or affirmation by the Governor

Article 160– Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies

Article 161– Power of the Governor to grant pardons and others

Article 162– Extent of executive power of state

Article 163– Council of ministers to aid and advise the Governor

Who can remove the Governor of a State from its office?

He/she is appointed by the President and holds his office during the pleasure of the latter. A Governor’s normal term of office is five years. However, he can be removed by the President at any time without assigning any cause.

Tata Group set to record highest growth in history: N Chandrasekaran

Tata Group is set to record the highest growth in its history, with both unlisted and listed entities growing upwards of 20%.

Tata Group is set to record the highest growth in its history, with both unlisted and listed entities growing upwards of 20%. Importantly, both traditional and new businesses have lined up large capex plans. Traditional businesses will fund their own growth through internal accruals.

More About This Development:

Group companies are reaping the benefits of focus and scale with well-capitalised balance sheets, recording the highest-ever growth and also funding growth through internal accruals and good cash flows. Holding company Tata Sons chairman N Chandrasekaran spoke to Kala Vijayraghavan and Bodhisatva Ganguli on plans for new growth businesses such as Air India, Tata Neu super app, batteries, Tata Electronics and 5G.

About TATA Sons:

The Tata group companies include 29 publicly-listed corporations with a combined market capitalization that exceeded US $120 billion at the start of 2017.

About N. Chandrasekaran:

Natarajan Chandrasekaran is Chairman of the Board of Tata Sons, the holding company and promoter of more than 100 Tata operating companies with aggregate annual revenues of more than US $100 billion. He joined the Board of Tata Sons in October 2016 and was appointed Chairman in January 2017.

His appointment as Chairman followed a 30-year business career at TCS, which he joined from university. Chandra rose through the ranks at TCS to become CEO and Managing Director of the leading global IT solution and consulting firm.

President of India Inaugurated the 2nd Indian Rice Congress at Cuttack

The 2nd Indian Rice Congress 2023 was inaugurated in Cuttack by President Droupadi Murmu in the presence of Odisha Governor Prof. Ganeshi Lal.

The 2nd Indian Rice Congress 2023 was inaugurated in Cuttack by President Droupadi Murmu in the presence of Odisha Governor Prof. Ganeshi Lal, Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Narendra Singh Tomar, and Odisha Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Empowerment, Fisheries, and Animal Resource Development, Ranendra Pratap Swain.

President Murmu informed that India is the leading consumer and exporter of rice, for which a lot of credit goes to the institute, but when the country became independent, the situation was different.

President of India Inaugurated the 2nd Indian Rice Congress at Cuttack – Key Points

In the inauguration ceremony the President informed that as irrigation facilities expanded in the last century, rice was grown in new places and found new consumers. Paddy crop requires large amounts of water, but many parts of the world are facing severe water scarcity due to climate change.

The President also noted that rice is the basis of our food security, and its nutritional aspects should also be considered.

A large section of low-income groups depends on rice, which is often their only source of daily nutrition, so providing protein, vitamins, and essential micronutrients through rice can help combat malnutrition.

On the development of the country’s first high-protein rice by NRRI, the development of such bio-fortified varieties is ideal and expressed confidence that the scientific community of the country will be able to meet the challenge.

Union Minister Narendra Tomar informed that India is an agricultural country, and the government tries to give priority to agriculture.

The agricultural sector has made a lot of progress as the hard work of our farmers is supplemented by scientific research.

It is the resolve of Prime Minister Narendra Modi that no child or person in the country remains malnourished. To solve the problem of malnutrition, biofortified rice varieties should be produced to increase nutritional value; taking steps in this direction, the institute has developed varieties namely CR 310, 311, and 315. This institute has developed 160 varieties of rice.

Russian Arms Supplies to India Worth $13 bn in past 5 years

Russian state news agencies reported that India received arms worth around $13 billion from Russia in the past five years.

Russian state news agencies reported that India received arms worth around $13 billion from Russia in the past five years. Moreover, New Delhi has further placed orders with Moscow for weapons and military equipment exceeding $10 billion.

India’s Current Military Order From Moscow:

India accounts for around 20 percent of Moscow’s current order book and is the world’s biggest buyer of Russian arms. While New Delhi has not openly condemned Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has called for dialogue and diplomacy to solve the conflict.

India, China: Interest in buying Russian arms:

Dmitry Shugayev, the head of Russia’s Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation, told the agencies that India, China and some Southeast Asian countries have continued to have interest in buying Russian arms.

The agency reported that annual arms exports have been about $14-15 billion, with the order book steady at around $50 billion.

Russia’s S-400 Triumf missile defence systems, short-range surface-to-air missiles systems such as the Osa, Pechora or Strela, as well as Su-30 warplanes, MiG-29 helicopters and drones have been of special interest to Asian countries, Shugayev said.

Russia’s Counter to The Western sanctions:

Notably, following Ukraine’s invasion, several Western countries imposed sanctions on Russia, including on arms. Moscow has maintained that it is carrying out a “special military operation”.

According to TASS state news agency, Russia is set to present about 200 samples of weapons and military equipment at the 14th international aerospace exhibition Aero India 2023 in Bengaluru.

India is scouting for billions of dollars worth of military planes, completing jetliner deals to meet civilian demand and pressing global aircraft manufacturers to produce more locally at the show this week.


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