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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-15th February 2023

International Childhood Cancer Day 2023 observed on 15th February

International Childhood Cancer Day : International Childhood Cancer Day (ICCD) 2023 is observed on February 15 every year.

International Childhood Cancer Day 2023

International Childhood Cancer Day (ICCD) is observed on February 15 every year. The day was observed by the Childhood Cancer International, an umbrella organisation of various child cancer support groups created by parents. The day is dedicated to raising awareness and showing support for children and adolescents suffering from cancer. Despite all the advancements in science, childhood cancer remains the leading cause of death by disease among children.

International Childhood Cancer Day 2023: Theme

The three-year campaign for International Childhood Cancer Day began in 2021 and will conclude in 2023. The theme for the three-year campaign is ‘Better Survival’. The campaign is part of the effort to reach the target goal of the WHO Global Childhood Cancer Initiative to achieve at least 60 percent survival for all children diagnosed with cancer around the world by 2030.

International Childhood Cancer Day: Significance

An estimated 400 000 children and adolescents develop cancer each year. International Childhood Cancer Day is observed to raise awareness and show support for these children with cancer as well as their families. This is also a day to remember all the children who have lost their lives to cancer. On this day, organisations and individuals come together to spread awareness about the importance of early detection. Early diagnosis is one of the most effective ways to reduce mortality from childhood cancer.

International Childhood Cancer Day: History

Childhood Cancer International was established in 1994. It is the largest patient-support organisation for childhood cancer in the world. The organisation consists of more than 170 different groups, including parent organisations, childhood cancer survivor associations, childhood cancer support groups, and cancer societies. International Childhood Cancer Day was created as an annual event in 2002 by Childhood Cancer International.

Air India to buy 220 Boeing planes for $34 billion

United States President Joe Biden hailed Air India's decision to purchase over 220 aircraft from Boeing and called it a "historic agreement between Tata-owned airlines and Boeing.

United States President Joe Biden hailed Air India’s decision to purchase over 220 aircraft from Boeing and called it a “historic agreement between Tata-owned airlines and Boeing. This purchase will support over one million American jobs across 44 states, and many will not require a four-year college degree. This announcement also reflects the strength of US-India economic partnership,” Joe Biden said in an official statement.

More About The Tata and Boeing Deal:

Air India will purchase as many as 220 planes from Boeing for USD 34 billion, with an option to buy 70 more aircraft that could take the total transaction value to USD 45.9 billion.

The Air India order is Boeing’s third biggest sale ever in dollar value and second in terms of number of planes.

Air India’s Push Towards a Greater Scale:

Air India has agreed to buy 250 jets from Airbus, part of a mammoth deal for 470 planes that is also expected to include 220 Boeing jets, as the airline heralds a decades-long transformation under its new owners, Tata Group. The combined 470-jet order is the largest by a single airline. Coupled with roughly 25 more Airbus jets that Air India plans to lease to meet its immediate needs, it touches the 500-mark.

Bihar and Chattisgarh among States that allocated more towards education

Among the big States in the country, Chhattisgarh and Bihar allocated the most proportion of their budget towards education in FY23.

Among the big States in the country, Chhattisgarh and Bihar allocated the most proportion of their budget towards education in FY23. While Chhattisgarh allocated 18.82 per cent of the State’s estimated net budget expenditure to education, Bihar allocated 18.3 per cent.

The States/UTs that have spent a higher portion of their budget expenditure on education are Delhi, Assam, and Himachal Pradesh, which allocated 22 per cent, 20 per cent and 19 per cent, respectively, of their budgets on education this fiscal year.

Chhattisgarh and Bihar’s Spending and Outcome:

While Chhattisgarh and Bihar are spending more on education, they do not fare too well on literacy. The literacy rate in Chattisgarh is 77.9 per cent, while the rate for Bihar is 70.9 per cent, one of the lowest in the country, according to the National Sample Survey 2018.

States That Allocated Less on Education:

Even in terms of absolute numbers, Telangana’s expenditure towards education was a mere ₹16,043 crore in FY23. As per the Budget for FY24, even though the state has allocated ₹19,093 crore for education, it is just 6.57 per cent of the net budget expenditure. Telangana is among the few states that have presented the budget for the upcoming financial year.

Allocations by the States on Education:

Maharashtra allocated Rs 80,437 for education. UP allocated Rs 75,165 crores. West Bengal allocated Rs 43,466 crores. Rajasthan allocated Rs 49,627 crores, and Tamil Nadu allocated Rs 43,799 crores. The Central Government allocated Rs 44,094 crores on education, that is, 16.51% of the total budget. This is 8% higher than the previous year. In 2022-23, the union government allocated Rs 40,828 crores.

Performance on Literacy Front:

At 96.2 per cent, Kerala has the highest literacy rate in the country, while it is 82.9 per cent in Tamil Nadu. The literacy rate of UP is 67.68%. The literacy rate of Bihar is 61.8%. The literacy rate of Chhattisgarh is 70.28%. The literacy rate of west Bengal is 76.26%. Rajasthan: 66.11%. So the overall observation says that TN is planning on increasing its literacy rates further though it is already higher.

HAL Unveiled Next Gen Supersonic Trainer HLFT-42 at Aero India 2023

The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has unveiled the Hindustan Lead-in Fighter Trainer (HLFT-42) design of the scale model at the 14th edition of Aero India held in Bengaluru.

HAL Unveiled HLFT-42

The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has unveiled the Hindustan Lead-in Fighter Trainer (HLFT-42) design of the scale model at the 14th edition of Aero India 2023 held in Bengaluru. The HLFT-42 aircraft design includes a unique rail art of the Hindu God Maruti, symbolizing strength, speed, and agility. HAL did a project named HF42 Marut. Marut means spirit of the winds. The aircraft similar configuration.

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HAL Unveiled Next Gen Supersonic Trainer HLFT-42 at Aero India 2023- Key Points

The HLFT-42 aircraft has the tagline “The Storm is coming”. It is the Next Gen Supersonic Trainer.

The HLFT-42 will play a critical role in modern combat aircraft training state-of-the-art avionics.

The electronics include Active Electronically Scanned Array, Electronic Warfare Suite, Infrared Search, and Track with Fly by the Wire control system.

The Ministry of Defence noted that the trainer was the need of the hour and it is expected that it will fill the gap between training and combat conditions.

Apart from this, the HAL is also set to showcase its range of products and technologies centered on the theme “Innovate. Collaborate. Lead”.

The HLFT-42 is being displayed at the Aero India 2023 for the first time.

Why were the Hanuman Pictures Removed from the HLFT-42 Trainer by HAL?

HAL unveiled the design for the HLFT-42 Trainer aircraft. The design of the trainer included images of Hanuman embossed on the aircraft. After the unveiling, the pictures of the Supersonic aircraft surfaced on the internet.

The users pointed out that the armed forces of the country should not be seen as representing any religious communities. The HAL Chairman and Managing Director CB Anathakrishnan informed that after several discussions, HAL has decided to remove the images of Hanuman as it is not appropriate and it may trigger the citizens of the country.

Aero India 2023

Aero India 2023 is a biennial air show and aviation exhibition which is held in Bengaluru at the Yelahanka Air Force Station from 13th February to 17th February 2023. Aero India 2023 is organized by the Defence Exhibition Organization, Ministry of Defence. The theme of Aero India 2023 is “The Runway to a Billion Opportunities”.

Aero India 2023 is being organized by the Defence Ministry of India, the Indian Air Force, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited Defence Research and Development Organization, the Department of Space, the Union Civil Aviation Ministry, and others. The first edition of Aero India was held in 1996.

Jean-Eric Vergne Won Formula E-Prix Hyderabad, India

DS Penske’s Jean-Eric Vergne won Formula E’s first race in India as Porsche’s Pascal Wehrlein extended his championship lead with fourth place in Hyderabad.

DS Penske’s Jean-Eric Vergne won Formula E’s first race in India as Porsche’s Pascal Wehrlein extended his championship lead with fourth place in Hyderabad. The win was Vergne’s 11th in Formula E but first in two years and the double champion needed an energy-saving defensive drive to hold off New Zealander Cassidy in the closing laps near the Hussain Sagar Lake.

Jean-Eric Vergne Won Formula E-Prix Hyderabad, India – Key Points

Nick Cassidy was second for Envision Racing with Porsche’s Antonio Felix da Costa promoted to third in his 100th race after Envision’s Sebastien Buemi was handed a 17-second post-race penalty for an overpower infringement.

The first-ever Formula E race in India was hosted in Hyderabad, the race that also happens to be the first FIA-organised event in India in a decade.

The Hyderabad E-Prix is the fourth race in the Formula E 2023 calendar, being preceded by Season 9 opener in Mexico City and two races in Diriyah (Saudi Arabia).

The race itself was an action-packed affair, with the qualifying session and the main race producing some close results.

Unlike Formula 1 which uses a more traditional qualifying session to decide the starting grid of the ace (consisting of three elimination-style rounds of racing, and more recently a Sprint race).

Formula E uses what it considers a more thrilling approach to qualifying that consists of four rounds of racing and employs a dueling format for the Quarter Finals, Semi Final, and Finals rounds.

Cyclone Gabrielle strikes Auckland, Houses evacuated, Power cuts and flights cancelled

Cyclone Gabrielle strikes Auckland: As Cyclone Gabrielle approaches the coast of the nation, residents of Auckland, the largest city in New Zealand, and the surrounding area are being warned.

Cyclone Gabrielle strikes Auckland

As Cyclone Gabrielle approaches the coast of the nation, residents of Auckland, the largest city in New Zealand, and the surrounding area are being warned to prepare for more intense rain, flooding, and gale-force winds. Some homes are also being evacuated.

Cyclone Gabrielle strikes Auckland: Key Points

Currently 200 kilometres (125 miles) northeast of Auckland, Gabrielle is expected to travel in close proximity to the east coast over the next 24 hours.

This cyclone is the second significant weather event to recently affect Auckland and the upper North Island.

Four people were killed by floods and unprecedented rainfall that pounded Auckland and the neighbouring areas last month.

Chris Hipkins, the prime minister of New Zealand, announced a $7.25 million package for flood victims and community organisations such as food banks.

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Cyclone Gabrielle: State of Emergency declared in Auckland

At least six additional regions, including Auckland, have declared states of emergency. A century-old steel-framed tower in Auckland has forced the evacuation of about 50 flats out of concern for its stability.

In anticipation of a storm surge that is anticipated for early Tuesday morning, more evacuation orders have been issued for coastal villages along the east coast.

46,000 households are without electricity, some areas have spotty mobile service, trees have fallen, and roofs have been pulled off.

Ferries, buses, and trains have either been suspended from service or are now operating on a modified schedule, disrupting public transportation.

509 flights have been cancelled by Air New Zealand, but it has announced that operations will resume on Tuesday when the weather is predicted to improve.

200th birth anniversary of Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati celebrated by PM

200th birth anniversary of Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati: Prime Minister Narendra Modi celebrated the 200th birth Anniversary of Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati, who founded the Arya Samaj in 1875.

200th birth anniversary of Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati

Prime Minister Narendra Modi celebrated the 200th birth Anniversary of Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati, who founded the Arya Samaj in 1875. According to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the nation is making development thanks to nondiscriminatory efforts and policies. The first yagya for the nation, he claimed, is being performed today in service of the poor, uneducated, and oppressed. In this regard, Mr. Modi emphasised housing, healthcare, and women’s empowerment.

200th birth anniversary of Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Celebration

The Prime Minister made this statement in Delhi at the start of a year-long celebration honouring Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati’s 200th birthday.

He claimed that throughout Amrit Kaal, the country adopted the same priorities as Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati. According to the prime minister, helping the poor and marginalised has taken precedence.

He brought up the fact that the nation’s daughters are currently flying Rafale fighter jets in relation to the empowerment of women.

As taught by Maharishi Dayanand, Mr. Modi’s New Education Policy encourages contemporary education while placing a strong focus on Indianness.

The Prime Minister claimed that the Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati used his extensive Vedic knowledge to predict global warming and climate change when those concepts were not in vogue. He emphasised that the Maharishi’s path gives the world ancient Indian philosophy and the path to the answer at a time when the world is discussing sustainable development. He claimed that by referring to millets as Sri Anna, India has given them a new name and a universal identity.

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Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Birth Anniversary Celebration: Highlights

According to the prime minister, Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati restored social life’s comprehension of the Vedas and provided guidance for society.

PM Modi emphasised that as India celebrates the Amrit Kaal, Maharishi’s 200th birthday serves as inspiration for all.

According to Mr. Modi, years of slavery had left the nation weak and lacking in confidence at the time Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati was born.

PM Modi emphasized how Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati waged a vigorous fight against untouchability, social prejudice, and other distortions of this nature.

The Prime Minister said that Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati also became a voice for India’s Mahila Shakti, launching numerous initiatives for women’s education.

He said that Maharishi Dayanand’s efforts to combat inequality have transformed society into Sanjeevani.

According to the prime minister, the nation has reached unprecedented heights in both development and heritage.

He repeatedly asserted that Indian saints had made significant contributions in a variety of domains including literature, yoga, philosophy, politics, science, and math.

The Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati, according to Mr. Modi, adopted a holistic, inclusive, and integrated approach to every area of the country and society. He noted that Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati has been instrumental in bringing back long-forgotten customs.

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