Important Current Affairs for CLAT-16th August 2022

World’s Highest Chenab Railway Bridge Inaugurated

The golden joint of the world’s highest railway bridge over River Chenab was inaugurated. For the first time ever since independence, Srinagar will be linked to the rest of India after the overarch deck on the world’s highest single-arch railway bridge over River Chenab. The bridge will be 35 meters higher than the Eiffel Tower.

Some Extras About The Bridge:

Chenab Bridge was a famous bridge with intricate engineering that had to overcome several challenges. The geology, the harsh terrain, and the hostile environment were just a few of the challenges that the engineers and railway officials had to overcome to get to this point.

About Chenab River:

The Chenab is formed by the confluence of two streams, Chandra and Bhaga, in the western (Punjab) Himalayas in India’s Himachal Pradesh state. It flows west through Jammu and Kashmir union territory—the Indian-administered portion of the disputed Kashmir region)—between the steep cliffs of the Shiwalik Range (south) and the Lesser Himalayas (north). After receiving the Jhelum River near Trimmu, the Chenab empties into the Sutlej River, a tributary of the Indus River.

About The Builder:

Afcons is building 16 additional railway bridges for Konkan Railway Corporation Limited (KRCL) in the dangerous terrain of Jammu and Kashmir in addition to the Chenab Bridge. All the bridges are part of the Udhampur Srinagar Baramulla Rail Link (USBRL) project.

Defence forces, RBI and PM Office Most Trusted Institutions

Defence forces, RBI and Prime Minister of India are the three most trusted institutions in the country, according to a survey by Ipsos India. The Supreme Court of India came fourth and it was followed by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

More Findings Of Survey:

Defence Forces with at least 2 in 3 (65 per cent of respondents) reposing faith in them was ranked first, followed by Reserve Bank of India with 1 in 2 (50 per cent). Prime Minister of India as an institution was at the third spot with 49 per cent citizens having trust in it, the survey said. Smack in the middle was the Parliament (33 per cent) ranked 7th, ranked 8th was the media (32 per cent) and placed 9th was the Election Commission of India (31 per cent), it said. The institutions at the bottom of the heap were politicians (16 per cent), political parties (17 per cent), community leaders (19 per cent) and religious leaders (21 per cent), it said, adding, these institutions have least credibility according to the opinions of the citizens across the cities and target groups polled.

Who Conducted This Survey:

The survey was conducted by Ipsos India via a quantitative survey using a structured questionnaire, and interviewed 2,950 adults including females. Respondents from four metros, tier 1, tier 2 and tier 3 towns were included in the survey with a margin of error of +/-5 per cent, it disclosed.

PM Narendra Modi Observes Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2022

In his last year’s Independence Day speech, Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared August 14 to be observed as “Partition Horrors Remembrance Day” to remind the nation of the sufferings and sacrifices of Indians during the partition in 1947. The day, which coincides with Pakistan’s Independence day, will be observed in memory of the “struggles and sacrifices of our people”.

Meanwhile, India is all set to celebrate 75 years of Independence with preparations in full swing. A large number of ASI monuments across the country have been lit up in tri-colour theme, and citizens and political parties across the country have kicked off ‘tiranga’ rallies under the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign. Earlier this week, Lok Sabha speaker Om Birla inaugurated an exhibition on the ‘Horrors of Partition’ at the Parliament Library Building.

Table of Contents

Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2022: Partition Of India

In the weeks and months around August 15, 1947, the partition of India into India and Pakistan resulted in severe bloodshed and communal violence, property loss, and significant instability. The partition is often regarded as one of the most violent and rapid displacements in human history.

Background:

The partition of India in its most basic form is a story of unprecedented human displacement and forced migration. It is a story in which millions sought new homes in environments that were alien and resistive. More than being a story of a violent divide based on faith and religion it is also a story of how a way of life and ages of co-existence came to a sudden and dramatic end.

About 6 million non-Muslims moved out from what had become West Pakistan and another 6.5 million Muslims moved out from the Indian part of Punjab, Delhi, etc., into West Pakistan. In the east, an estimated 2 million non-Muslims moved out of East Bengal (Pakistan) and later in 1950 another 2 million non-Muslims moved into Wes(India) Bengal. It is estimated that about one million Muslims had moved out of West Bengal. The estimate of those killed has varied from 500,000 to over 1,000,000. The generally accepted figure stands at around 500,000.

More than being a story of a violent divide based on faith and religion it is also a story of how a way of life and ages of co-existence came to a sudden and dramatic end.” Estimates of the numbers of those killed vary; according to the official document, it could be between 500,000 to over a million, but “the generally accepted figure stands at around 500,000,” reads the official document issued by the centre to commemorate Partition Horrors Remembrance Day.

Kolkata To Host 23rd Edition Of India International Seafood Show(IISS)

Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) in association with the Seafood Exporters’ Association of India (SEAI) will hold the 23rd edition of India International Seafood Show (IISS) in Kolkata, the City of Joy from February 15 to 7 next year.

Marine Exports From India:

During 2021-22, India exported 13,69,264 tonnes of marine products worth US$ 7.76 billion, registering an all-time high export by value, while production of shrimp crossed one million MT. With a multipronged strategy, addressing capture fisheries and aquaculture, the export turnover is likely to achieve US$ 15 billion in next five years. Sustainable fishing methods, value addition and increased aquaculture production through diversification are expected to support the ambitious target set for export.

More About IISS:

MPEDA Chairman Dr K.N. Raghavan announced that the biennial showpiece event in the seafood sector, the biggest in the industry aimed at showcasing the export potential of India, will be organised at the sprawling Biswa Bangala Mela Prangan in Kolkata. It will provide an ideal platform for interaction between Indian exporters and overseas importers of the country’s marine products.


Arunachal’s 3rd Airport Named ‘Donyi Polo Airport’

The third airport in Arunachal Pradesh, which is now under construction in Itanagar, the state capital, has been given the name “Donyi Polo Airport” by the Arunachal Pradesh administration. According to a representative of the Chief Minister’s Office, the state cabinet adopted “Donyi Polo Airport” as the name of the airport at its meeting. Pema Khandu, the chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh, presided over the gathering.


More About The Airport:

The name of the only airport in the capital city, according to the official, would represent the long-standing customs and rich cultural legacy of the tribally dominant state and would also reflect the long-standing indigenous respect for the Sun (Donyi) and the Moon (Polo) among the populace. The Airport Authority of India has undertaken a Rs 650 crore project to develop the airport to boost air connectivity in the mountainous areas.

The North-Eastern Connectivity:

The “Donyi Polo Airport” in Itanagar would be Arunachal Pradesh`s third airport after Pasighat and Tezu airports and northeast India`s 16th airport. The Chief Minister had earlier said that work on the airport is on war-footing and shall be made operational soon. Currently, there are 15 operational airports in the northeastern region -Guwahati, Silchar, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Tezpur, Lilalabari, and Rupsi (Assam), Tezu and Pasighat (Arunachal Pradesh), Agartala (Tripura), Imphal (Manipur), Shillong (Meghalaya), Dimapur (Nagaland), Lengpui (Mizoram) and Pakyong (Sikkim).

107 Gallantry awards announced for Armed Forces and CAPF personnel

President of India, Droupadi Murmu has approved 107 Gallantry awards to Armed Forces and Central Armed Police Forces personnel on the occasion of Independence Day 2022. The awards include three Kirti Chakra, 13 Shaurya Chakras, two bar to Sena Medals (gallantry), 81 Sena Medals (gallantry), one Nao Sena Medal (gallantry) and seven Vayu Sena Medals (gallantry).

The president has also approved 40 mention-in-despatches to the Indian Army, one to Indian Air Force (IAF) personnel and another to the army dog, ‘Axel’ (posthumously), for their significant contributions in different military operations which include Operation Rakshak, Operation Snow Leopard, Operation Rhino, Operation Orchid, Operation Falcon, Operation Hifazat and Operation Trikut (Deoghar).

FIFA suspends All India Football Federation (AIFF)

The Bureau of the FIFA Council has unanimously decided to suspend the All India Football Federation (AIFF) with immediate effect due to undue influence from third parties, which constitutes a serious violation of the FIFA Statutes. The suspension will be lifted once an order to set up a committee of administrators to assume the powers of the AIFF Executive Committee has been repealed and the AIFF administration regains full control of the AIFFs.

India loss after suspension:

  • The suspension means that the FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup 2022™, scheduled to take place in India on 11-30 October 2022, cannot currently be held in India as planned.

  • FIFA is assessing the next steps with regard to the tournament and will refer the matter to the Bureau of the Council if and when necessary.

  • FIFA is in constant constructive contact with the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in India and is hopeful that a positive outcome to the case may still be achieved.

IAS Piyush Goyal named NATGRID CEO by the Union government

IAS officer of the Nagaland cadre, Piyush Goyal has been appointed by the Central Government as the new CEO of NATGRID (National Intelligence Grid). Along with this, the Central Government has also issued an order to post 26 other officers on the post of Additional Secretary. Piyush Goyal is currently serving as Additional Secretary in the Union Home Ministry.

The post of its CEO was vacant since June when its then chief IPS officer Ashish Gupta was appointed as additional director general of the Border Security Force (BSF). Chandrakar Bharti, a 1996 batch IAS officer of the Union Territory cadre, has been appointed in place of Piyush Goyal. Presently he is Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Defence.

NATGRID:

NATGRID is the central organization for intelligence gathering with the aim of enhancing India’s counter-terrorism capabilities. It is the integrated intelligence master database structure for counter-terrorism purposes connecting databases of various core security agencies under the Government of India collecting comprehensive patterns procured from 21 different organizations that can be readily accessed by security agencies round the clock.

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