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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-16th February 2023

Indian PSU refiners to set up 137,000 tonnes per annum green hydrogen facility by 2030

The public sector oil refineries in India are estimated to build green hydrogen capacity of 137,000 (1.37 lakh) tonnes per annum (TPA) by 2030.

The public sector oil refineries in India are estimated to build green hydrogen capacity of 137,000 (1.37 lakh) tonnes per annum (TPA) by 2030. If fructified, besides boosting the economy with investments and jobs, this massive capacity building in the green hydrogen sector would reduce greenhouse gas emissions in a large way.

Dr S S V Ramakumar, Director of R&D, Indian Oil Corporation has revealed the above information while speaking at the India Energy Week in Bengaluru. He said that Indian Oil would first put up a seven thousand TPA electrolysis plant at its Panipat refinery. Also, Dr Ramakumar opined that biomass gasification is a better way of producing green hydrogen in India.

Green Hydrogen: Fuel of the future:

Hydrogen, like electricity, is an energy carrier that must be produced from another substance. Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of sources including water, fossil fuels, or biomass and used as a source of energy or fuel.

Hydrogen has the highest energy content of any common fuel by weight (about three times more than gasoline), but it has the lowest energy content by volume (about four times less than gasoline).

Hydrogen and Ammonia are envisaged to be the future of fuels and are envisaged to replace fossil fuels in the years to come.

Depending on the nature of the method of its extraction, hydrogen is categorised into three categories, namely, grey, blue and green.

There is a growing focus on increasing production of green and blue hydrogen due to its no carbon emission and use of carbon offset technology, respectively.

The cleanest one of all is ‘green’ hydrogen, which is generated by renewable energy sources without producing carbon emissions in the first place.

Analysts believe transitioning to Green Hydrogen and Green Ammonia is one of the major requirements for the reduction of emissions and to make India a net exporter of fuel from the current status of leading importer of fuel.

Aero India: HAL received approval from DGCA for indigenously developed ‘black boxes’

The Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd has received the Indian Technical Standard Order (ITSO) authorisation from (DGCA) for its indigenously developed Cockpit Voice Recorder and Flight Data Recorder.

In Aero India, the Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd has received the Indian Technical Standard Order (ITSO) authorisation from Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) for its indigenously developed Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) and Flight Data Recorder (FDR). CVR and FDR are popularly known as ‘black boxes’. However, these recorders are painted in orange colour to help in their recovery following an aircraft accident. CVR and FDR are used to record critical flight parameters and audio environment in a crash proof memory which is later used for investigation of aircraft incident or accident.

Why is it called a black box?

The term “black box” was a World War II British phrase, originating with the development of radio, radar, and electronic navigational aids in British and Allied combat aircraft. These often-secret electronic devices were literally encased in non-reflective black boxes or housings. A black box is a flight data recorder that must be in every air vehicle. All flight information is recorded into the black box with a specific algorithm. This makes the recorded flight data accessible to authorities when needed.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Inaugurate National Aadi Mahotsav

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the National Aadi Mahotsav on 16th February 2023 at Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium, New Delhi.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the National Aadi Mahotsav on 16th February 2023 at Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium, New Delhi. This was announced at a media briefing by the Union Minister of Tribal Affairs, Arjun Munda in New Delhi.

Minister of State for Tribal Affairs, Renuka Saruta was also present on the occasion. Arjun Munda also informed that the Prime Minister will be given an overview of the products which will be on display at various stalls and will engage with the artisans and the craftsmen from the tribal communities.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Inaugurate National Aadi Mahotsav – Key Points

The Minister further informed that the Tribal Affairs Ministry is making all-out efforts to ensure full participation and involvement of the tribal communities in realizing the Prime Minister’s vision of Aatma Nirbhar Bharat.

He also said that the emphasis on the organic production of products by the tribal communities can play a big role in combating the challenge of global warming.

The Minister noted that an effort has been made to draw more and more artisans from remote areas producing lesser-known and unique items to come and take part in Aadi Mahotsav being organized across the country.

He also added that the Aadi Mahotsav is a major platform to catapult the tribal products into national and international markets.

TRIFED is engaging with top designers to ensure quality and contemporary designs in tribal products, at the same time maintaining their originality.

The present edition of the flagship event of TRIFED has the theme of “A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Crafts, Culture, Cuisine, and Commerce”, which represents the basic ethos of tribal life.

The festival will feature exhibition-cum-sale of tribal handicrafts, handloom, paintings, jewelry, cane & bamboo, pottery, food & natural products, gifts & assortment, tribal cuisine, and much more through 200 stalls to showcase this.

More than 1000 tribal artisans and artists from 28 States/UTs will be participating in the festival. This includes tribal cooks from 19 States/UTs for which 20 food stalls are being set up.

Millets have been an integral part of the diet of tribal communities. United Nations, at the behest of the Government of India, has declared 2023 the International Year Millets.

To commemorate this and create awareness and increase the production & consumption of tribal millets, tribal artisans from across the country are invited to display & sell millet products and cuisines.

Mansukh Mandaviya Inaugurated IFFCO Nano Urea Liquid Plants at Aonla and Phulpur

Union Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurated the IFFCO Nano Urea Liquid Plants at Aonla and Phulpur in Uttar Pradesh.

Union Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurated the IFFCO Nano Urea Liquid Plants at Aonla and Phulpur in Uttar Pradesh. Dr. Mandaviya stated that it is an important day because Nano urea plants have been dedicated to the nation. He informed that Nano Urea, in the coming times will ensure the progress of the farmers and increase their income.

The Union Minister highlighted the benefits of Nano urea stating that it is the best green technology and provides solutions to pollution. It saves the soil and also increases productivity and hence is the best for the farmers.

Mansukh Mandaviya Inaugurated IFFCO Nano Urea Liquid Plants at Aonla and Phulpur- Key Points

The government’s Expert Committee has approved Nano DAP and it will also come to replace DAP soon.  He added that Nano-DAP will immensely benefit our farmers and it will be available at half the cost of DAP.

Dr. Mandaviya also underlined the efforts of the government in making Nano urea available to the farmers.

He also pointed out the challenges in bringing Nano urea ranging from getting approvals from various departments and convincing the farmers to tackle the conventional urea lobby.

Dr. Mandaviya also informed that it is an alternate fertilizer. The farmers for years used urea and DAP to increase productivity. When urea is used, only 35% Nitrogen (Urea) gets used by the crop and the unused affects the soil.

The Union Minister appreciated the efforts of Prime Minister Narendra Modi who has always worked towards increasing farmer income and their prosperity. He also insisted on natural farming, Biofertilizers, and alternate fertilizers.

He also commended PM’s role during COVID, the prices of fertilizers increased, and one Urea bag touched the Rs 4000 mark but PM ensured that the price of fertilizers was not increased.

The Union Minister congratulated IFFCO for its endeavors. He noted that Commerce, business, and profit are not foremost for Sahakarita but farmers’ welfare is.

Dileep Sanghani, Chairman IFFCO, Balvir Singh, Vice Chairman IFFCO, Dr. Uday Shankar Awasthi MD, and CEO of IFFCO, Keshari Devi MP Phulpur among those present during the inauguration events.

Nikki Haley- A Republican & An Indian-American formally launches her 2024 presidential bid

Indian-origin Republican leader Nikki Haley formally launched her 2024 presidential bid, casting herself as a younger, fresher alternative to her one-time boss and former US President Donald Trump.

Indian-origin Republican leader Nikki Haley formally launched her 2024 presidential bid, casting herself as a younger, fresher alternative to her one-time boss and former US President Donald Trump. Haley, 51, is the two-term Governor of South Carolina and the former US Ambassador to the United Nations.

Nikki Haley: Daughter of Indian immigrants:

Haley was born Nimrata Nikki Randhawa in Bamberg, South Carolina, to Indian immigrants. Her parents hailed from Punjab and worked as teachers while also running a clothing store in rural South Carolina. She was raised as a Sikh but converted to Christianity after marriage to Michael Haley in 1996.

Nikki Haley: Governor of South Carolina:

Nikki Haley was elected to the state legislature of South Carolina in 2004. In 2010, she became the first woman to become the Governor of South Carolina and only the second person of Indian descent to hold the post in any US state after Bobby Jindal (Louisiana).

Nikki Haley: US ambassador to the United Nations:

Nikki Haley further gained national recognition during her tenure as US ambassador to the United Nations during the Trump presidency. During her tenure, she was known as a vocal critic of Russia, Iran and China. She also spoke against North Korean missile testing, threatening to increase US military presence in the region to counteract any aggression from Kim Jong-un.

Nikki Haley: A Fluctuating relationship with President Donald Trump:

Nikki Haley has shared a hot-and-cold relationship with Trump. She was highly critical of him during his presidential run in 2016 before ending up as his ambassador to the UN. She left the Trump administration in 2018, and has since criticised Trump multiple times.

Her formal declaration means she will be the first contender to join the contest against her former 76-year-old boss Trump, who announced his third bid for the White House late last year.

Before entering the presidential ballot, Haley has to win the Republican Party’s presidential primary which will start in January next year. The next US presidential election is scheduled to be held on November 5, 2024.

A Brief About Nikki Haley:

Born: 20 January 1972 (age 51 years), Bamberg, South Carolina, United States

Spouse: Michael Haley (m. 1996)

Full name: Nimrata Nikki Randhawa Haley

Parents: Ajit Singh Randhawa, Raj Kaur Randhawa

Nationality: American

Party: Republican Party.

IQAir: Mumbai overtakes Delhi as most polluted city in India

Mumbai has been ranked as the most-polluted city in India and second most polluted city globally within a week between January 29 and February 8, according to Swiss air tracking index IQAir.

Swiss air tracking index IQAir

Mumbai has been ranked as the most-polluted city in India and second most polluted city globally within a week between January 29 and February 8, according to Swiss air tracking index IQAir, a real-time air quality monitor. On January 29, Mumbai was ranked 10th in the rankings for the poorest position. Mumbai then clinched the second spot on February 2 before falling in the following days. Then it again rose to take the second place on February 8. On February 13, Mumbai took over Delhi as the most polluted city in India and was the third most unhealthy city worldwide for air quality worldwide.

Top 10 most-polluted cities worldwide:

Ranks City

1. Lahore (Pakistan)

2. Mumbai (India)

3. Kabul (Afghanistan)

4. Kaohsiung (Taiwan)

5. Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan)

6. Accra (Ghana)

7. Krakow (Poland)

8. Doha (Qatar)

9. Astana (Kazakhstan)

10. Santiago (Chile)

What is IQAir?

IQAir, a Swiss air tracking index and a real-time worldwide air quality monitor, collaborates with UNEP and Greenpeace and measures air quality in India using data from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). The cities are categorised into ‘healthy’, unhealthy’, and ‘hazardous’ as per US air quality index (AQI) standards, which are more stringent than in India.

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