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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-16th June 2023

India’s Defence Ministry Approves ‘Predator Drone’ Deal Ahead of PM Modi’s US Visit

In anticipation of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s upcoming visit to the United States, the Defence Ministry of India has granted approval for the acquisition of ‘Predator (MQ-9 Reaper) drones’ from America. The deal, which was approved during a meeting of the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) on June 15, is estimated to be worth around USD 3 billion. The final decision on the procurement will be made by the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS). The announcement of the mega procurement deal is expected to take place after discussions between Prime Minister Modi and President Joe Biden at the White House.

Procurement of MQ-9B Drones:

The MQ-9B drone, a variant of the MQ-9 Reaper, has been chosen by India for its diverse capabilities, including maritime surveillance, anti-submarine warfare, and over-the-horizon targeting. The Indian Navy is set to receive 14 drones, while the Indian Air Force and Army will each receive eight. These high-altitude long-endurance (HALE) drones can remain airborne for over 35 hours and are equipped with the capacity to carry four Hellfire missiles and approximately 450 kg of bombs.

Letter of Request and Contract Conclusion:

The Defence Ministry is currently in the process of issuing an actionable letter of request (LoR) to the US government. Once the US responds with a letter of offer and acceptance, the formal contract is expected to be finalized. However, it remains uncertain whether the procurement will involve any technology transfer.

Manufacturing Agreement for GE-414 Fighter Jet Engine:

During Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Washington, there is a possibility of a manufacturing agreement for the GE-414 fighter jet engine in India. This agreement aims to power India’s indigenous combat aircraft. The GE-414 engine is being considered as a potential choice for the project.

Joint Address to US Congress:

As part of his visit, Prime Minister Modi will become the first Indian Prime Minister to address the Joint Meeting of the US Congress for the second time. This invitation reflects the historic significance of the relationship between the United States and India, symbolizing their shared commitment to global peace and prosperity, particularly in the Indo-Pacific region.

Prime Minister’s Address to Indian Americans:

During his visit, Prime Minister Modi will address a gathering of Indian Americans in Washington, D.C. The invitation-only event will focus on the role of the Indian diaspora in India’s development. The event has garnered significant attention, with all 838 seats being sold out.

A book titled “Master Residential Real Estate” by Ashwinder Singh

Ashwinder R Singh is a well-known real estate expert in India, and his new book, Master Residential Real Estate, is a comprehensive guide to the industry. The book covers a wide range of topics, from finding the right property to financing a home purchase. Singh also provides valuable insights into the current state of the real estate market and offers advice on how to make the most of your investment.

The essence of the book

“Master Residential Real Estate” is a guide that aims to assist home buyers, investors, students, or professionals with careers in real estate to navigate the complex world of residential real estate in India. The book covers essential topics such as conducting proper due diligence, choosing the right location, negotiating a fair price, and avoiding legal blind spots.

The book empowers readers to take control of their financial and emotional future by providing them with the necessary information to make informed decisions based on data and research. If you’re looking to make an investment or career in the residential real estate sector in India, “Master Residential Real Estate” is an invaluable resource that can help you. About the Author With over two decades of experience in the Indian real estate industry, Ashwinder R Singh is a prominent figure in the field.

His expertise in real estate has earned him several accolades and titles, such as: Real Estate Person of the Year, South – Construction Week 2022 Most Enterprising CEO of the Year 2016 Top 15 Real Estate Influencers by Realty + and Thought Leader of the Year by International Brand Equity in 2023. Co-Chair of the Confederation of Indian Industry’s Regional Committee on Real Estate for 2023-24 In addition, Ashwinder runs India’s first-of-its-kind newsletter “Open House” and has delivered over 200 keynote addresses. His latest book is a proud and honest effort to help every stakeholder in the industry. In his heart, the author believes that he will always remain a lifelong student of real estate.

Gujarat Cyclone Biparjoy: Impacts, Preparations, and Safety Measures

A cyclone named Biparjoy made landfall in Gujarat, India on June 15, 2023. The cyclone had maximum sustained winds of 167 kilometers per hour (103 miles per hour) and gusts up to 200 kilometers per hour (124 miles per hour). The cyclone brought heavy rains and strong winds to Gujarat, causing widespread damage. At least 22 people were killed and 940 villages were plunged into darkness. The cyclone also caused extensive damage to crops and infrastructure.

Impacts of Gujarat Cyclone Biparjoy

The Gujarat cyclone has had a devastating impact on the region. The strong winds and heavy rains have caused widespread damage to homes, businesses, and infrastructure. At least 22 people have been killed and thousands have been displaced from their homes. The cyclone has also caused extensive damage to crops and livestock.

The following are some of the impacts of the Gujarat cyclone:

  • Infrastructure damage: The cyclone has caused extensive damage to roads, bridges, and other infrastructure. This has made it difficult for aid workers to reach affected areas and has hampered relief efforts.

  • Home and business damage: The cyclone has destroyed or damaged thousands of homes and businesses. This has left many people homeless and without a means of livelihood.

  • Crop and livestock damage: The cyclone has destroyed crops and livestock. This has caused a loss of income for farmers and has led to a shortage of food and milk in affected areas.

  • Loss of life: At least 22 people have been killed in the cyclone. This includes both direct and indirect deaths.

  • Disruption of transportation and communication: The cyclone has disrupted transportation and communication in affected areas. This has made it difficult for people to get the help they need and has hampered relief efforts.

Preparations of Gujarat Cyclone Biparjoy

The Gujarat government has taken steps to prepare for cyclones. The state has a disaster management plan in place and has stockpiled food, water, and other supplies. The government has also trained volunteers to help with relief and rescue efforts.

The Gujarat government has taken a number of steps to prepare for Cyclone Biparjoy. These include:

  • Disaster Management Plan: The Gujarat government has a disaster management plan in place that outlines the roles and responsibilities of different agencies in the event of a cyclone.

  • Stockpiling of food, water, and other supplies: The government has stockpiled food, water, and other supplies in case of a cyclone.

  • Training of volunteers: The government has trained volunteers to help with relief and rescue efforts.

  • Public awareness: The government has conducted public awareness campaigns to educate people about cyclone preparedness.

The following are some specific preparations that people can make for Cyclone Biparjoy:

  • Assemble an emergency kit: This should include food, water, first-aid supplies, a battery-powered radio, flashlights, and other essential items.

  • Secure loose objects: This includes anything that could be blown away by strong winds, such as patio furniture, garbage cans, and yard signs.

  • Bring pets inside: If you have pets, bring them inside and make sure they have a safe place to stay.

  • Stay informed: Listen to the radio or watch TV for updates on the cyclone’s progress.

  • Follow the instructions of local officials: If you are told to evacuate, do so immediately.

Safety Measures of Gujarat Cyclone Biparjoy

There are a number of things that people can do to stay safe during a cyclone. These include:

  • Staying indoors and away from windows

  • If you must go outside, wear protective clothing and use a helmet

  • Securing loose objects around your home

  • Staying informed about the cyclone’s progress by listening to the radio or watching TV

  • Following the instructions of local officials

If you are caught in a cyclone, take shelter in a sturdy building. If you are in a coastal area, move to higher ground. Stay away from floodwaters and electrical wires.

The Gujarat cyclone is a reminder of the importance of being prepared for natural disasters. The government and the people of Gujarat are working together to recover from this disaster and to build a more resilient community.

IIT Madras Researchers Develop Data Science, IoT-Based Method for Mobile Pollution Monitoring

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) have made significant progress in the field of air pollution monitoring by developing a low-cost mobile air pollution monitoring framework. This innovative approach utilizes data science, Internet of Things (IoT) technology, and low-cost pollution sensors mounted on public vehicles to dynamically monitor air quality at a high spatial and temporal resolution.

The project, known as Kaatru (meaning “air” in Tamil), aims to address the limitations of traditional stationary monitoring stations and provide valuable insights for policy-making and mitigation strategies.

I. The Limitations of Traditional Air Quality Monitoring

1.1 Fixed Monitoring Stations and the Air Quality Index (AQI)

1.2 Spatial and Temporal Variability of Air Pollution 1.3 Cost Constraints in Expanding Monitoring Infrastructure

II. Introducing the IoT-Based Mobile Air Pollution Monitoring Framework

2.1 Leveraging Low-Cost Air Quality Sensors

2.2 Dynamic Monitoring Using Public Vehicles

2.3 High-Resolution Mapping of Air Quality

III. Advantages and Potential of the Kaatru Project

3.1 Pan-India Hyperlocal Air Quality Map

3.2 Individual Exposure Assessment for Citizens

3.3 Data-Driven Solutions for Policy, Intervention, and Mitigation Strategies

IV. The Role of Data Science and Big Data Analytics

4.1 Data Collection and Aggregation

4.2 Machine Learning and Predictive Modeling

4.3 Insights for Policy-Making and Mitigation

V. Implications and Future Applications

5.1 Enhanced Understanding of Air Pollution Patterns

5.2 Targeted Interventions for Pollution Hotspots

5.3 Potential Expansion to Other Environmental Monitoring

India Makes Debut at Annecy International Animation Festival, Showcasing AVGC Expertise

India’s Animation, Gaming, Visual Effects, and Comics (AVGC) sector is set to make a remarkable impression on the global stage as the country participates for the first time at the prestigious Annecy International Animation Festival (AIAF) in France. Led by Apurva Chandra, Secretary of Information and Broadcasting, an Indian delegation comprising eminent personalities from the animation industry has been actively showcasing India’s prowess in creating animation and VFX content for global audiences at the AIAF.

India’s Emergence as a Preferred Destination for VFX and Animation Content

In recent years, India has witnessed a surge in demand for its animation and VFX content, becoming a favored destination for global production houses. The country’s AVGC sector has been making significant strides by adopting world-class techniques and innovative technologies, supported by a pool of immensely talented professionals. As a result, India has gained recognition as one of the leading providers of animation and VFX services worldwide.

Incentives for Foreign Companies in India’s AVGC Sector

Secretary Apurva Chandra highlighted India’s commitment to nurturing the AVGC sector by providing attractive incentives to foreign companies interested in producing AVGC content in India. He emphasized that these incentives are equivalent to those provided for shooting films in the country, presenting a lucrative opportunity for companies to leverage the benefits. This commitment to incentives also extends to supporting pre and post-production activities, further solidifying India’s dedication to fostering a thriving AVGC industry.

Strengthening Collaboration between India and France

During the festival, Secretary Chandra held discussions with Michael Marin, Director of AIAF, to explore avenues for enhancing India’s engagement with Annecy. They deliberated on the potential for collaboration between India and France to host an animation film festival in India, which could further promote artistic and cultural exchange between the two nations. Such collaborations would undoubtedly contribute to the growth and development of India’s AVGC sector.

India Pavilion: Showcasing Indian Creativity

As a testament to India’s vibrant animation industry, Secretary Chandra inaugurated the India Pavilion at AIAF. Designed around the theme of the Saraswati Yantra, the pavilion provided a platform for Indian artists, studios, and production houses to showcase their creative work and engage with the global animation community. The Indian delegation also had the opportunity to interact with Indian creatives who secured entries in the highly esteemed Annecy festival competition for 2023.

Prosperous Future for India’s AVGC Industry

With the animation and VFX market in India estimated to be valued at 109 billion rupees in 2021, and the VFX segment alone accounting for 50 billion rupees, the industry’s future looks exceptionally promising. Industry projections anticipate that these figures will surge to 180 billion rupees by 2024, underscoring the tremendous growth potential and business opportunities for India’s AVGC sector. India’s participation at Annecy plays a pivotal role in showcasing the country’s abilities to international buyers, solidifying its position as a major player in the global AVGC landscape.

UK Appoints Jane Marriott As First Woman Envoy To Pakistan

The United Kingdom has announced the appointment of senior diplomat Jane Marriott as the next British High Commissioner to Pakistan, making her the first female British envoy to Islamabad. Prior to this appointment, Jane Marriott, 47, was the high commissioner to Kenya since September 2019. She would be replacing Dr Christian Turner, who left Pakistan in January after serving as the envoy since December 2019. Ms Marriott brings a wealth of thematic and regional experience to her new role having joined the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) in 2001, following roles in the Cabinet Office and Home Office.

Why Jane Marriott appoints?

  • The appointment of a female British High Commissioner to Pakistan is a significant milestone. It is a sign of the UK’s commitment to gender equality and to strengthening its relationship with Pakistan.

  • Marriott is a well-respected diplomat with a wealth of experience. She is a strong advocate for women’s rights and has worked to promote gender equality in her previous roles.

  • Her appointment is a welcome development and is a sign of the UK’s commitment to working with Pakistan to build a more prosperous and inclusive future for both countries.

Here are some of the challenges that Marriott will face in her new role:

  • Terrorism: Pakistan is a major battleground in the fight against terrorism. The UK has been a key supporter of Pakistan’s efforts to combat terrorism, but the threat remains a major challenge.

  • Economic instability: Pakistan’s economy is facing a number of challenges, including high inflation, low growth, and a large current account deficit. The UK can help Pakistan to address these challenges and to promote economic growth.

  • Human rights: Pakistan has a poor human rights record. The UK can use its influence to promote human rights in Pakistan, including the rights of women and minorities.

Marriott is a capable diplomat with a strong track record. She is well-equipped to address the challenges facing Pakistan and to strengthen the UK-Pakistan relationship.

India Makes Debut at Annecy International Animation Festival, Showcasing AVGC Expertise

India’s Animation, Gaming, Visual Effects, and Comics (AVGC) sector is set to make a remarkable impression on the global stage as the country participates for the first time at the prestigious Annecy International Animation Festival (AIAF) in France. Led by Apurva Chandra, Secretary of Information and Broadcasting, an Indian delegation comprising eminent personalities from the animation industry has been actively showcasing India’s prowess in creating animation and VFX content for global audiences at the AIAF.

India’s Emergence as a Preferred Destination for VFX and Animation Content

In recent years, India has witnessed a surge in demand for its animation and VFX content, becoming a favored destination for global production houses. The country’s AVGC sector has been making significant strides by adopting world-class techniques and innovative technologies, supported by a pool of immensely talented professionals. As a result, India has gained recognition as one of the leading providers of animation and VFX services worldwide.

Incentives for Foreign Companies in India’s AVGC Sector

Secretary Apurva Chandra highlighted India’s commitment to nurturing the AVGC sector by providing attractive incentives to foreign companies interested in producing AVGC content in India. He emphasized that these incentives are equivalent to those provided for shooting films in the country, presenting a lucrative opportunity for companies to leverage the benefits. This commitment to incentives also extends to supporting pre and post-production activities, further solidifying India’s dedication to fostering a thriving AVGC industry.

Strengthening Collaboration between India and France

During the festival, Secretary Chandra held discussions with Michael Marin, Director of AIAF, to explore avenues for enhancing India’s engagement with Annecy. They deliberated on the potential for collaboration between India and France to host an animation film festival in India, which could further promote artistic and cultural exchange between the two nations. Such collaborations would undoubtedly contribute to the growth and development of India’s AVGC sector.

India Pavilion: Showcasing Indian Creativity

As a testament to India’s vibrant animation industry, Secretary Chandra inaugurated the India Pavilion at AIAF. Designed around the theme of the Saraswati Yantra, the pavilion provided a platform for Indian artists, studios, and production houses to showcase their creative work and engage with the global animation community. The Indian delegation also had the opportunity to interact with Indian creatives who secured entries in the highly esteemed Annecy festival competition for 2023.

Prosperous Future for India’s AVGC Industry

With the animation and VFX market in India estimated to be valued at 109 billion rupees in 2021, and the VFX segment alone accounting for 50 billion rupees, the industry’s future looks exceptionally promising. Industry projections anticipate that these figures will surge to 180 billion rupees by 2024, underscoring the tremendous growth potential and business opportunities for India’s AVGC sector. India’s participation at Annecy plays a pivotal role in showcasing the country’s abilities to international buyers, solidifying its position as a major player in the global AVGC landscape.









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