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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-19th May 2023

PM Modi inaugurates International Museum Expo 2023

During the inauguration of the International Museum Expo 2023 at Pragati Maidan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi emphasized his government’s commitment to safeguarding India’s heritage. However, he regretted that insufficient efforts were taken towards this cause following Independence.

PM inaugurates International Museum Expo 2023: Key Points

  • PM Modi highlighted the issue of trafficking of ancient Indian art and antiques and noted that other countries are now returning items belonging to Indian heritage as India’s status in the world continues to rise.

  • The Prime Minister also revealed plans to build ten special museums commemorating the tribal community’s contribution to India’s freedom struggle, and stressed that the destruction of the country’s written and unwritten heritage during the period of slavery was not just India’s loss but a loss for the whole world.

  • PM Modi encouraged individuals, households, schools and institutions to make preserving historical artifacts a part of their nature by creating their own museums.

  • The expo is part of the ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav‘ and is being held to celebrate the 47th International Museum Day (IMD).

  • During the program, PM Modi also inaugurated a virtual walkthrough of the upcoming national museum at North Block and South Block.

International Museum Expo 2023: Theme

The theme for IMD this year is “museums, sustainability, and well-being.” The expo aims to initiate a comprehensive dialogue on museums with professionals that will help them develop as cultural centres contributing greatly to India’s cultural diplomacy.

International Museum Expo 2023: About the Event

  • At the event, the International Museum Expo mascot was presented by Modi, which is an updated version of the wooden dancing girl in the Chennapatnam art style.

  • Additionally, PM Modi revealed a graphic novel called “A day at the Museum,” a directory of Indian museums, a pocket map of Kartavya Path, and a set of museum cards.

Graphic Novel:

The graphic novel tells the story of children who visit the National Museum and learn about the various job opportunities available in museums. The pocket map highlights cultural spaces and institutions and delves into the history of the Kartavya Path. The museum cards are illustrated with iconic museum facades across India and contain brief information about each one.

Siddaramaiah to be the next chief minister in Karnataka CM Race

According to reports, Siddaramaiah is set to become the next chief minister of Karnataka, with DK Shivakumar as his deputy. The decision was reached by the Congress party, with both leaders agreeing to a rotational arrangement. Siddaramaiah will serve as the chief minister for a period of 2.5 years, after which Shivakumar will take over the position.

Next Chief Minister of Karnataka: Key Points

  • Congress President Mallikarjun Kharge worked late into the night to resolve the political deadlock and reach a consensus on government formation in Karnataka.

  • Siddaramaiah, a popular leader, joined the Congress party in 2006 after being expelled from former Prime Minister Deve Gowda’s JD(S).

  • In contrast, DK Shivakumar, an eight-time MLA from the Kanakapura constituency, is known for his significant wealth and strong political support.

  • The oath-taking ceremony is scheduled to occur in Bengaluru on Saturday, May 20, 2023.

  • The Congress party has organized a Congress Legislative Party (CLP) meeting in Bengaluru on Thursday at 7 pm.

  • Earlier, Randeep Surjewala, who is in charge of Congress in Karnataka, stated that an announcement regarding the next chief minister of Karnataka will be made either today or tomorrow, and a new cabinet will be formed within 72 hours.

In the Karnataka Assembly Elections 2023, Congress has achieved a significant victory after a span of 34 years. According to the Election Commission’s data, the party secured 136 seats, surpassing the halfway mark of 113, along with a substantial vote share.

Wing India 2024: Government Focuses on Expanding Capacity for Fast-Growing Aviation Market

The Government of India is placing special emphasis on creating capacity for the country’s rapidly growing aviation market, according to the Civil Aviation Minister, Jyotiraditya Scindia. In an address during the curtain raiser event for Wing India 2024 in New Delhi, Minister Scindia highlighted the government’s efforts to simplify processes and procedures while eliminating bottlenecks in the aviation industry. With the goal of surpassing 200 airports, heliports, and waterdromes within the next three to four years, India aims to bolster its domestic and international connectivity.

Wing India 2024: Government Focuses on Expanding Capacity for Fast-Growing Aviation Market.

Government’s Commitment to the Aviation Sector

Minister Scindia emphasized the government’s commitment to the aviation sector’s growth, citing the remarkable recovery following the V-shaped trajectory witnessed post-Covid. He stated that in 2014, the domestic passenger count stood at 60 million, which surged to 144 million in 2019. This remarkable growth underscores the importance of fostering a conducive environment for the aviation industry.

Expansion of Airports and Connectivity

Civil Aviation Secretary, Rajiv Bansal, highlighted the ongoing expansion plans of major airports across the country. With several airports already implementing expansion projects, India’s aviation infrastructure is being geared up to meet the escalating demand. Despite being connected to fewer than 100 destinations globally, India possesses immense potential to enhance its international connectivity.

Enhanced Regional Connectivity

Secretary Bansal further emphasized the growth witnessed in the small aircraft segment and the inauguration of new airports under the UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik) scheme. This initiative aims to include more tier-2 and tier-3 cities in India’s domestic aviation map, enabling increased accessibility and connectivity for a larger population.

Wing India 2024: Asia’s Largest Civil Aviation Event

Scheduled to take place from January 18th to 21st, 2024, Wing India 2024 will be held at Begumpet Airport in Hyderabad. As Asia’s largest event focused on civil aviation, it will serve as a platform for industry stakeholders, policymakers, and aviation enthusiasts to explore the latest developments, technological advancements, and business opportunities in the aviation sector.

Ministry of Ayush and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Collaborate for “Integrative Health” Policy

The Ministry of Ayush and the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare have jointly announced their commitment to prioritize “Integrative Health” for the well-being of the public. This announcement was made at the National Ayush Mission Conclave, a two-day event inaugurated by Shri Sarbananda Sonowal, the Union Cabinet Minister of Ayush and Ports, Shipping & Waterways. The conclave was attended by esteemed guests, including Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya, the Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare.

Why the Scheme is in the News?

The National Ayush Mission (NAM) and the conclave have gained significant attention due to the collaborative efforts of the Ministry of Ayush and the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. This partnership reflects a shared vision to integrate traditional systems of medicine into the mainstream healthcare system, providing accessible and quality Ayush healthcare services across the nation.

Ministry of Ayush and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Collaborate for “Integrative Health” Policy

Aim:

The aim of the National Ayush Mission is to enhance the availability, accessibility, and quality of Ayush healthcare services throughout India. By integrating traditional medicine systems with modern healthcare practices, the mission aims to promote holistic well-being and address the diverse healthcare needs of the population.

Objectives:

  1. Preservation and promotion of India’s traditional systems of medicine.

  2. Integration of Ayush healthcare into the mainstream healthcare system.

  3. Enhancing the availability and accessibility of Ayush healthcare services.

  4. Improving the quality of Ayush healthcare through capacity building and upgradation of Ayush Health Wellness Centers (AHWCs).

  5. Strengthening the education ecosystem in Ayush to support public health initiatives.

  6. Facilitating research and ensuring quality assurance in Ayush public healthcare.

Vision:

The vision of the National Ayush Mission is to create a robust healthcare system that combines the strengths of traditional medicine systems with modern healthcare practices. By integrating Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (collectively known as Ayush), the mission envisions a comprehensive and holistic approach to healthcare, placing a strong emphasis on preventive care, well-being, and personalized treatment.

Goal:

The primary goal of the National Ayush Mission is to establish Ayush Health Wellness Centers (AHWCs) across the country, in alignment with the Ayushman Bharat scheme. These centers will provide accessible and quality healthcare services, including consultations, therapies, and medicines, based on traditional systems of medicine. The mission aims to improve the health and wellness of individuals, families, and communities.

Funding:

The National Ayush Mission operates as a centrally sponsored scheme, with support from the Union Government. The operationalization of 12,500 Ayush Health Wellness Centers (AHWCs) has been approved by the Union Cabinet, wherein existing Ayush Dispensaries/Health Sub-centers will be upgraded by the respective State/UT Governments. This phased implementation will ensure the availability of Ayush healthcare services to a larger population.

How does the Mission Work?

The National Ayush Mission focuses on collaborative efforts between the Ministry of Ayush, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, and the state governments. It aims to enhance budget absorption, institutionalize execution, and strengthen the supply of medicines to Ayush Health Wellness Centers (AHWCs). The mission also emphasizes capacity building for Ayush practitioners, upgradation of AHWCs, and integration of technology for research and quality assurance in Ayush public healthcare.

KV Viswanathan, Prashant Mishrato take oath as Supreme Court judges

Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra and senior advocate KV Viswanathan will be sworn in as Supreme Court judges, after the Central government cleared the appointment of the advocates. Their names were recommended to the Centre by the Supreme Court Collegium, headed by Chief Justice of India (CJI) DY Chandrachud.

Who is KV Viswanathan?

KV Viswanathan is a senior advocate who has practiced in the Supreme Court for over 30 years. He has appeared in a wide range of cases, including constitutional law, criminal law, and commercial law. He is also a member of the Bar Council of India and the Supreme Court Bar Association.

Who is Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra?

Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra is the Chief Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High Court. He was appointed as a judge of the High Court in 2013 and elevated as its Chief Justice in 2021. He has also served as a judge of the Chhattisgarh High Court.

The five-member Collegium said the Supreme Court has a sanctioned strength of 34 judges and is currently functioning with 32. Two Supreme Court judges – Dinesh Maheshwari and MR Shah – retired recently. Four more vacancies are going to arise by the second week of July and the working strength of judges will further come down, the collegium noted as it recommended the names of Viswanathan and Mishra.

World AIDS Vaccine Day Or HIV Vaccine Awareness Day 2023

World AIDS Vaccine Day: May 18 is recognized as World AIDS Vaccine Day, an occasion that emphasizes the importance of creating a vaccine for the incurable illness. This day, also known as HIV Vaccine Awareness Day, not only raises awareness but also pays tribute to the dedicated scientists and researchers who are committed to developing a vaccine to prevent HIV/AIDS.

Significance of World AIDS Vaccine Day

According to the World Health Organization, HIV has resulted in the loss of 40.1 million lives thus far. HIV transmission is occurring globally, with certain countries observing a rise in new cases. Despite the absence of a cure for HIV infection, appropriate and efficient treatments and healthcare can significantly extend the lifespan and improve the well-being of individuals living with HIV.

History of World AIDS Vaccine Day

In a speech delivered on May 18, 1997, at Morgan State University in Maryland, former US President Bill Clinton emphasized the necessity of a genuinely effective preventive HIV vaccine to combat the transmission and ultimately eliminate HIV. In recognition of President Clinton’s address, May 18 was designated as World AIDS Vaccine Day, with its inaugural observance taking place the following year in 1998.

What is HIV infection?

HIV is a viral infection that specifically targets and weakens the immune system, rendering individuals more susceptible to diseases like tuberculosis, certain infections, and even cancer. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

The transmission of HIV occurs through the exchange of certain body fluids such as breast milk, semen, blood, and vaginal fluids. However, it is important to note that HIV does not spread through activities like kissing, hugging, or sharing food. Effective treatment and prevention of HIV can be achieved through antiretroviral therapy (ART). By undergoing ART, individuals can achieve viral suppression, which prevents them from transmitting the virus to others. Ensuring early access to this therapy is crucial in effectively curtailing the spread of HIV.

Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and The Chartered Accountants of the Maldives Sign Memorandum of Understanding

The Union Cabinet, under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and The Chartered Accountants of the Maldives (CA Maldives). This strategic partnership aims to foster cooperation in the field of accounting, promoting professional development, intellectual growth, and mutual advancement for the accounting professions in both India and the Maldives.

Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and The Chartered Accountants of the Maldives Sign Memorandum of Understanding

Strengthening Professional Opportunities

The MoU between ICAI and CA Maldives is expected to create new avenues for professional opportunities in the Maldives for ICAI members. This partnership will facilitate the export of accounting services, allowing ICAI members to contribute to the development and growth of the accountancy profession in the Maldives. With many ICAI members already holding influential positions in organizations across countries, their expertise and insights can positively impact decision-making and policy strategies.

Expanding Professional Horizons

The MoU offers ICAI members the chance to broaden their professional horizons by gaining exposure to the Maldivian accounting landscape. Through collaboration, the agreement seeks to strengthen the capacity building of local professionals in the Maldives, promoting knowledge exchange and professional development. Furthermore, this partnership will enhance the working relations between India and the Maldives, opening up new dimensions for business opportunities globally.

Implementation Strategy and Targets

The MoU outlines a comprehensive implementation strategy, focusing on various aspects of the accountancy profession. Both ICAI and CA Maldives will engage in the exchange of views, information, and best practices related to professional accountancy training, professional ethics, technical research, and the overall development of accountants. The collaboration will involve mutual cooperation through activities such as website linkages, seminars, conferences, student exchange programs, and joint initiatives beneficial to both institutes. Additionally, ICAI will conduct technical due diligence to support CA Maldives in becoming a member of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC), a prestigious global organization representing the accounting profession.

Benefits for India, the Maldives, and Global Business

The MoU between ICAI and CA Maldives is expected to bring numerous benefits to all stakeholders involved. By strengthening cooperation and knowledge-sharing, the partnership will enhance the professionalism and quality of accounting practices in both countries. It will also promote the accountancy profession globally, highlighting the contributions of Indian and Maldivian accountants. The agreement is anticipated to increase the mobility of professionals between India and the Maldives, facilitating the exchange of expertise and fostering business collaborations on an international scale.


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