Important Current Affairs for CLAT-19th November 2022

5th Naturopathy Day is celebrated on 18 November 2022

National Naturopathy Day 2022:

National Naturopathy Day is observed in India every year on November 18th, to promote positive mental and physical health through drug-free therapy. National Naturopathy Day was established on November 18th 2018 by the Ministry of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), Government of India. On November 18th 1945, Mahatma Gandhi became the Chairman of the All India Nature Cure Foundation Trust and signed the agreement aimed at making the benefits of Nature Cure available to all classes of people, therefore, this day was chosen to be observed as National Naturopathy Day.

Central Council for Research in yoga and naturopathy is organizing the 5th Naturopathy day at World peace dome MIT Art, Design and Technology University campus, Pune. On this Occasion an International Conference on Yoga and Naturopathy is being organized by CCRYN. This conference will see renowned speakers in the field of naturopathy and from “World Naturopathic Federation”. The Theme for this year’s event is “Naturopathy: an Integrative medicine”. In this conference we will learn about developments in the field of naturopathy from eminent researchers and practitioners in relation to education, research, integrative medicine, public health in addition to exploring newer avenues and areas in naturopathy.

National Naturopathy Day: History of Naturopathy

Naturopathy techniques were brought to the United States from Germany in the 1800s. The term naturopathy was coined by John Schell in 1895 and popularized by Benedict Lust, also referred to as the ‘Father of Modern Naturopathy’. He was also credited for spreading the knowledge of naturopathy in the United States in 1992. The naturopathy movement started in Germany and other western countries with the ‘Water Cure System’, also called ‘Hydrotherapy’.

Naturopathy is the oldest healthcare system that combines modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural medicine. Relying on nature’s healing powers, naturopathy stimulates the human body’s ability to heal itself. It is the science of diagnosis, treatment and healing using natural therapies including dietetics, botanical medicine, homoeopathy, fasting, exercise, lifestyle counselling, detoxification and chelation, clinical nutrition, hydrotherapy, naturopathic manipulation, spiritual healing, environmental assessment, and health.

National Naturopathy Day: Naturopathy in India

The revival of naturopathy in India took place through the translation of German nutritionist Louis Kuhne’s book ‘The New Science of Healing’, which was translated into Telugu by Dronamraju Venkatachalapathy Sarma in 1894. It was later translated into Hindi and Urdu in 1904 by Shri Shroti Kishan Swaroop in order to promote naturopathy. The Indian naturopathy movement initially started in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bengal, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh, where people worked hard and contributed significantly to the science.

UNGA designates Nov 18 as World Day for prevention of child sexual abuse

The UN General Assembly has declared November 18 as the World Day for the Prevention of and Healing from Child Sexual Exploitation, Abuse, and Violence. The new World Day is aimed at bringing global visibility to the trauma of child sexual abuse, with the hope that governments will take action to fight it. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), millions of children experience sexual violence each year.

The resolution invites all member states, relevant organisations of the UN system and other international organisations, world leaders, faith actors, civil society, and other relevant stakeholders to commemorate this World Day each year in a manner that each considers most appropriate. It encourages commitments to raising public awareness of those affected by child sexual abuse and the need to prevent and eliminate child sexual exploitation, abuse and violence, and the imperative to hold perpetrators to account; ensuring the access of survivors and victims to justice and remedies; as well as facilitating open discussion on the need to prevent and eliminate their stigmatisation, promote their healing, affirm their dignity and protect their rights.

German Bank ‘KfW’ to Provide 150 million Euro Loan to SBI for Solar Projects

State Bank of India has signed a 150 million euro (Rs 1,240 crore) loan agreement with the German development bank KfW for funding solar projects.

More About This:

The long-term loan, under the Indo-German solar partnership, will facilitate new and upcoming capacities in the solar sector and further contribute to the country’s goals announced during the COP26.

The Development Of This Partnership:

In 2015, New Delhi and Berlin had signed a memorandum of understanding to foster solar energy through technical as well as financial cooperation. Through this agreement, Germany had expressed its willingness to provide the concessional loans to India in the range of 1 billion euros through KfW.

The successful closure of the phase-1 under the solar partnership- promotion of solar/PV between SBI and KfW, paves the way for the current phase-2 in our partnership with this German lender, Ashwini Tewari, a managing director at SBI said. With this facility, he added, the bank has taken another step towards sustainable financing arrangements for meeting the nation’s renewable capacity goals and upholding environmental and social standards.

Solar Energy & India:

National Institute of Solar Energy has assessed the Country’s solar potential of about 748 GW assuming 3% of the waste land area to be covered by Solar PV modules. Solar energy has taken a central place in India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change with National Solar Mission as one of the key Missions.

National Solar Mission (NSM) was launched on 11th January, 2010. NSM is a major initiative of the Government of India with active participation from States to promote ecological sustainable growth while addressing India’s energy security challenges. It will also constitute a major contribution by India to the global effort to meet the challenges of climate change.

The Mission’s objective is to establish India as a global leader in solar energy by creating the policy conditions for solar technology diffusion across the country as quickly as possible. The Mission targets installing 100 GW grid-connected solar power plants by the year 2022. This is line with India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions(INDCs) target to achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources and to reduce the emission intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent from 2005 level by 2030.

Wipro the First Indian Company to Set Up European Work Council

IT company Wipro has reached an agreement with employee representatives on setting up a European Works Council, the company said. The creation of Wipro’s EWC is the first to be established by an Indian headquartered company.

What Has Been Said:

Senior vice president & CHRO, Wipro Europe stated: “Setting up the EWC strengthens the already successful cooperation with employee representations in many European countries. Wipro aims to provide the best employee experience and create an inclusive environment that welcomes everyone and nurtures an overall sense of belonging. The EWC will help us in getting even better as we assimilate employee perspectives on a consistent basis. It also demonstrates that Wipro is applying and adopting European employment standards as a responsible global employer.

More About This:

Wipro’s EWC is the first to be established by an Indian headquartered company, and builds upon a number of years of successful, constructive working with Works Councils at local and national level across several European countries, including Germany, the Netherlands, France, Sweden and Finland. The creation of an EWC follows a request by employees under an EU directive establishing the opportunity in companies with more than 1,000 employees across multiple European locations. Wipro’s EWC agreement was successfully negotiated with employee representatives from 13 different countries.

About Wipro:

Wipro is a leading technology services and consulting company focused on building innovative solutions that address clients’ most complex digital transformation needs. On a year on year (YoY) basis, the IT firm’s net profit declined 9.27% while revenue jumped 14.6% in Q2 FY23.

Uttar Pradesh To Register Maximum Number of New Companies After Maharashtra Post Covid

UP has added the most number of new companies after Maharashtra since the outbreak of Covid-19, beating industrial hubs such as Delhi, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, data combined by the corporate affairs ministry (MCA) show.

What The Report Pointed:

Uttar Pradesh is the third ranked state in terms of number of active companies behind Maharashtra and Delhi. Uttar Pradesh is home to 1.08 lakh active companies as of September end while Maharashtra and Delhi have 3 lakh and 2.2 lakh active companies respectively.

Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are at fourth and fifth with 1.04 lakh and 99,038 active companies respectively.

Recent Performance:

In the post-pandemic phase, UP has overtaken Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Telangana. Uttar Pradesh added 30,000 companies in the past three years, which helped it emerge the third state in terms of number of active companies behind only Maharashtra and Delhi. Maharashtra on the other hand added 60,000 new companies in the past three years and continues to be on the top. Maharashtra’s dominance comes largely from the fact that its capital, Mumbai is the financial capital of India and serves as a hub for several mid-size and big companies.

National Commission for Women Launched Digital Shakti 4.0

The National Commission for Women (NCW) launched the fourth phase of the Digital Shakti Campaign, a pan-India project on digitally empowering and skilling women and girls in cyberspace.

More About The Campaign:

  • Digital Shakti started in June 2018 to help women across the nation to raise the awareness level on the digital front, to build resilience, and fight cyber-crime in the most effective ways.

  • The Digital Shakti 4.0 is focused on making women digitally skilled and aware to stand-up against any illegal/inappropriate activity online.

  • NCW launched the campaign in collaboration with CyberPeace Foundation and Meta.

  • Through this project, over 3 Lakh women across India have been made aware of cyber safety tips and tricks.

  • It is helping women in reporting & redressal mechanisms, data privacy and usage of technology for their benefits.

What Has Been Said:

In line with its commitment to creating safe spaces for women and girls online, Digital Shakti 4.0 is focused on making women digitally skilled and aware of standing up against any illegal/inappropriate activity online. NCW launched it in collaboration with CyberPeace Foundation and Meta, said by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

While addressin, Rekha Sharma, Chairperson, NCW mentioned the Commission’s continuous efforts to empower women in every sphere across the nation, added the press release.

About The Previous session:

The third phase of the program was started in March 2021 with the launch at Leh by NCW Chairperson in the presence of Lieutenant Governor Radha Krishna Mathur and Jamyang Tsering Namgyal, MP, Ladakh. In the third phase, a Resource Center was also developed under the project to provide information on all the avenues of reporting in case a woman faces any cybercrime.

About NCW:

The National Commission for Women was established on January 31, 1992, under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990, to review the Constitutional and legal safeguards for women, recommend remedial legislative measures, facilitate grievance redress, and advise the government on all policy matters affecting women.

Blackstone launches its Asian Data center business from India

Global asset manager Blackstone Group has forayed into the data center business in Asia with a planned capacity across two large hyperscale data centers in India. It plans to increase it to 600 MW over the next two years through presence in five locations in the country. Blackstone launched its data center platform Lumina CloudInfra on 15 November 2022. Initially the data center will be set up in Mumbai and Chennai, and later on it will be set up in Delhi-NCR, Hyderabad and Pune.

National Data Center:

  • The government data center has been set up and managed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC).The first Data Centre was launched in Hyderabad in 2008, followed by NDC Pune in 2010, NDC Delhi in 2011 and NDC Bhubaneswar in 2018.

  • It operates 37 small Data Centres at various State Capitals to provide services to the Government at all levels.

  • National Data Centre (NDC) at Bhubaneswar is a Cloud-enabled Data Centre which has been offering cloud services to Government Departments since its inception.

  • The National Data Centres form the core of e-Governance Infrastructure in India by providing services to various e-Governance initiatives undertaken by the Government of India.

What is a Data Center?

A data center is a facility that centralizes an organization’s shared IT operations and equipment for the purposes of storing, processing, and disseminating data and applications. Because they house an organization’s most critical and proprietary assets, data centers are vital to the continuity of daily operations.

About the Blackstone:

The Lumina CloudInfra is owned and managed by Blackstone’s Real Estate and Tactical Opportunities funds. Blackstone’s current investments in digital infrastructure include QTS Realty Trust in US, which it bought in 2021 for about $10 billion, a string of data centers in Japan on long-term contracts with top cloud service providers, Phoenix Towers International, a private cell tower platform in America and Europe, and Hotwire Communications, a pioneer in fiber optic technology.