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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-21st March 2023

World Poetry Day 2023: History and Significance

World Poetry Day 2023: 21 March, 2023 is celebrated as World Poetry Day 2023. Every year on March 21, people throughout the world celebrate World Poetry Day.

World Poetry Day 2023

21 March, 2023 is celebrated as World Poetry Day 2023. Every year on March 21, people throughout the world celebrate World Poetry Day to honour an expression of language with which they can all identify. Every country’s past contains poetry, which unites people through shared humanity and values. Even the most simple poems can spark conversation.

The theme of World Poetry Day 2023 is “Always be a poet, even in prose.”

World Poetry Day 2023: Why Poetry?

Poetry is a lovely medium for expression. The abstraction of poetry produces more feelings and emotions than any other genre of literature. Although it is thought that the “Epic of Gilgamesh” dates back to around 2000 B.C., poetry probably existed long before literacy was widely practised. Various forms of poetry have evolved over time and have followed fashion. The basic goal of poetry, whether it be in sonnets or rap lyrics, is to examine the human condition and evoke emotion. Poetry evokes thoughts from deep within and resonates with humanity’s existential questions.

World Poetry Day 2023: Background and History

In 1999, during its 30th General Conference in Paris, UNESCO suggested and established the day to “provide fresh recognition and energy to national, regional, and international poetry movements.”

By this day, the group sought to promote poetry appreciation around the globe, protect endangered languages, and encourage poetic expression.

Writers from the past and present are celebrated, and oral poetry recitation customs are reintroduced.

Poems are encouraged to be read, written, and taught, and they are often combined with other forms of expression like music, dancing, art, and more.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) established World Poetry Day in 1999 with the mission of “promoting linguistic diversity via poetry expression and expanding the possibility for endangered languages to be heard.” It is observed on March 21.

As stated in the original UNESCO proclamation, its goal is to “provide fresh recognition and energy to national, regional, and international poetry movements” in addition to promoting the reading, writing, publishing, and teaching of poetry around the world.

In the 20th century, the world community chose to observe it on October 15th, the birthday of Virgil, the Roman epic poet and poet laureate under Augustus.

It was traditionally observed in October. In many nations, it is still customary to celebrate National or International Poetry Day on the third Sunday in October.

The first Thursday in October is traditionally observed in the United Kingdom, while other countries may observe a different October date or even a November date on occasion.

Because PEN International officially proposed it after Tarak Günersel’s presentation at the 1997 Congress in Edinburgh, with the support of PEN Turkey and Melbourne PEN, World Poetry Day UNESCO now has it on the calendar. (Gülseli Inal et al. and Tark Günersel started the Poetic Space Lab in 1996.

International Day of Happiness 2023 celebrates on 20 March

World Poetry Day 2023: Significance

The 100th birthday of the renowned Macedonian poet, author, literary translator, and linguist Blae Koneski was commemorated on World Poetry Day in 2021 at the UNESCO offices in Paris. The Golden Wreath Prize of the Struga Poetry Evenings for 2021 was also announced at the same time, going to British poet Carol Ann Duffy.

National Youth Conclave 2023 (NYC 2023) Organized under India’s G20 Presidency

The National Youth Conclave 2023 is an upcoming event in India that aims to bring together the country's youth and government leadership.

About National Youth Enclave

The National Youth Conclave 2023 is an upcoming event in India that aims to bring together the country’s youth and government leadership. The event is being organized under the aegis of India’s G20 presidency and in conjunction with the Urban20 and Youth20 engagement groups. The objective of the conclave is to provide an opportunity for cross-learning between the youth and government leaders.

What is Urban20?

The Urban-20 (U20) is a city diplomacy initiative launched during the One Planet Summit in Paris on December 12, 2017. The U20 provides a platform for cities from G20 countries to discuss critical urban development issues, such as climate change, social inclusion, sustainable mobility, and affordable housing, and propose collective solutions. The U20 is convened by C40 Cities (C40) and United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) under the leadership of a rotating Chair city based in the G20 host country. For the U20 2023 Cycle, the City of Ahmedabad held the chair. As the chair city, Ahmedabad will showcase its unique urban development and climate change initiatives, as well as its rich culture and heritage to the participants.

What is Youth20(Y20)?

The Y20 is the official youth engagement group for the G20, which is a forum for the largest and most advanced economies in the world. The Y20 process aims to bring together young leaders from all over the world to discuss and debate global challenges and propose policy recommendations that G20 leaders can implement. These policy recommendations are compiled in a communiqué, which is publicly announced at the Y20 Summit and presented to world leaders as part of the official G20 summit. India recently hosted the Y20 summit for the first time and its key focus was to bring young leaders together from across the globe to discuss ideas and draft an agenda for action. During India’s presidency, the Y20 activities will focus on global youth leadership and partnership. As part of this initiative, there will be Pre-Summits on the five Y20 themes over the next eight months, along with various discussions and seminars at different universities across the country leading up to the final Youth-20 Summit.

Ram Sahaya Prasad Yadav becomes Nepal’s third Vice President

Ram Sahaya Prasad Yadav, a leader of the Janata Samajbadi Party, has won the election to become Nepal's third Vice President.

Ram Sahaya Prasad Yadav, a leader of the Janata Samajbadi Party, has won the election to become Nepal‘s third Vice President. He was able to secure victory over Astalaxmi Shakya of CPN (UML) and Mamata Jha of the Janamat Party with support from Nepali Congress, CPN (Maoist Centre), and the CPN (Unified Socialist) including the ruling alliance. The election was held today with participation from 311 federal lawmakers and 518 Provincial Assembly members. The polling centre for the election was located at the New Baneshwor-based Federal Parliament Building in Kathmandu.

The Constitution of Nepal states that the Vice President can act as the President in case the President is not available. The term of office for the Vice President is five years, starting from the day of their election. Ram Sahaya Prasad Yadav, who has been elected as the third Vice President of Nepal, was a former Minister for Forests and Environment and served as a member of Nepal’s first Federal Parliament. He was elected to the Bara 2 constituency in the 2017 Nepalese general election.

G Krishnakumar appoints as Bharat Petroleum Corporation’s chairman

Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), a 'Maharatna' and a Fortune Global 500 Company, announced that G. Krishnakumar has taken over as the Chairman and Managing Director of the company.

Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), a ‘Maharatna’ and a Fortune Global 500 Company, announced that G. Krishnakumar has taken over as the Chairman and Managing Director of the company. Krishnakumar, an electrical and electronics engineer from National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli and a postgraduate in finance management from Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, was executive director in the company before his elevation. He replaces Arun Kumar Singh, who retired as chairman in October 2022. Post that, Gupta was holding additional charge of the chairman. Krishnakumar will hold the position of chairman and managing director till April 2025 or until any further notice, whichever is earlier, according to an official order.

History of Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited

The Burmah Shell was acquired by the Indian government on January 24, 1976, resulting in the creation of Bharat Refineries Limited. It changed its name to Bharat Petroleum Company Limited on August 1st, 1977. Also, it was the first refinery to process Bombay High, a recently discovered indigenous crude.

Seven PM MITRA (Pradhan Mantri Mega Integrated Textile Region and Apparel) Park sites announced

Ministry of Textiles, has issued a notification to set up 7 Mega Integrated Textile Region and Apparel (PM MITRA) Parks with a total outlay of Rs. 4,445 crore.

Government, Ministry of Textiles, has issued a notification to set up 7 Mega Integrated Textile Region and Apparel (PM MITRA) Parks with a total outlay of Rs. 4,445 crore.

More About The 7 PM MITRA Park sites announced:

Seven sites were chosen out of 18 proposals for PM MITRA parks which were received from 13 States.

The Parks will come up in Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Aim of these PM MITRA Parks:

These are aimed at helping India to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 9: “Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation”. It is hoped that the PM MITRA Parks will have world-class industrial infrastructure which would attract cutting age technology and boost FDI and local investment in the textiles sector.

KEY FEATURES of PM MITRA Parks:

These Parks will offer an opportunity to create an integrated textiles value chain right from spinning, weaving, processing/dyeing and printing to garment manufacturing at 1 location.

Integrated Textile Value chain at 1 location will reduce logistics cost of Industry

Intended to generate 1 lakh direct and 2 lakh indirect employment per park

Sites for PM MITRA Parks will be selected by a Challenge Method based on objective criteria

Proposals of State Governments having ready availability of contiguous and encumbrance-free land parcel of 1,000+ acres along with other textiles related facilities & ecosystem are welcome.

About PM MITRA Scheme:

It will offer the opportunity to create an Integrated Textiles Value Chain right from spinning, weaving, processing/dyeing and printing to garment manufacturing etc. at one location and will reduce the logistics cost of the Industry.

A Special Purpose Vehicle owned by the Centre and State Government will be set up for each park which will oversee the implementation of the project.

India & Sri Lanka inaugurate exhibition ‘Geoffrey Bawa’ in New Delhi

India's External Affairs Minister, S Jaishankar, inaugurated the "Geoffrey Bawa: It is Essential To Be There" exhibition at the National Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi.

India’s External Affairs Minister, S Jaishankar, inaugurated the “Geoffrey Bawa: It is Essential To Be There” exhibition at the National Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi. The exhibition, which is a joint collaboration between the National Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi, the High Commission of Sri Lanka in New Delhi, and the Geoffrey Bawa Trust, showcases the architectural works of Sri Lanka’s renowned architect, the late Geoffrey Bawa.

Geoffrey Bawa: India & Sri Lanka:

Bawa’s distinct architectural style, which blended modernism with traditional elements, is highly acclaimed. He designed several prominent buildings in Sri Lanka, including the Sri Lankan Parliament, which is considered one of his most impressive works. Bawa’s architectural designs also influenced many iconic buildings in India. His unique style has had a significant impact on modern architecture in Sri Lanka and beyond, inspiring architects and designers globally.

First retrospective international exhibition of Bawa’s works since 2004:

To commemorate the 75th anniversary of diplomatic relations between India and Sri Lanka, the National Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi has organized the “Geoffrey Bawa: It is Essential To Be There” exhibition. This is the first retrospective international exhibition of Bawa’s architectural works since 2004, following exhibitions in Sri Lanka, the United Kingdom, North America, Australia, Brazil, Singapore, and Germany.

The exhibition features over 120 documents from Bawa’s archives, which include his photographs from various travels and unrealized works. It explores the connections between Bawa’s concepts, sketches, constructions, and places, as well as the diverse ways in which images were employed in his practice.

The Sri Lanka-India Cultural Exchange Program has sponsored the exhibition, which will be open to visitors until May 7, 2023. Diplomats, high-ranking Indian officials, academics, journalists, art enthusiasts, and professionals are among the anticipated visitors to this exhibition.

Indian Industrialist Shri Ratan Tata appointed in ‘Order of Australia’ for distinguished service

Ratan Tata has been named an Honorary Officer in the General Division of the Order of Australia (AO) for his outstanding contributions to the Australia-India bilateral relationship.

Ratan Tata, an Indian industrialist and philanthropist, has been named an Honorary Officer in the General Division of the Order of Australia (AO) for his outstanding contributions to the Australia-India bilateral relationship, specifically in the areas of trade, investment, and philanthropy. The announcement was made by Australia’s Governor-General, following a recommendation by Australia’s High Commissioner to India, Barry O’Farrell.

Ratan Tata: one of the richest entrepreneurs in the world:

Ratan Tata, who is the Chairman Emeritus of Tata Sons and a former Chairman of the Tata Group, is recognized as one of the wealthiest entrepreneurs worldwide, with a net worth exceeding $1 billion as of 2022. Despite his tremendous success, he remains one of India’s most unassuming business leaders. Alongside his business accomplishments, Ratan Tata is renowned for his philanthropy work and motivational speeches.

Ratan Tata: India-Australia Relations:

Ratan Tata has played a crucial role in promoting and strengthening the relationship between Australia and India, demonstrating significant influence in this regard. He has been a vocal proponent of the India-Australia Economic Cooperation and Trade Agreement, which was successfully concluded in 2022, and has lent his support to various delegations of business and government officials visiting India.

Tata and India-Australia cooperation:

Ratan Tata’s advocacy for stronger ties between Australia and India has been both resolute and impactful. He has been a vocal supporter of the India-Australia Economic Cooperation and Trade Agreement, which was ultimately finalized in 2022. Additionally, he has extended his assistance to visiting business and government dignitaries in India, thereby strengthening bilateral relations between the two countries.

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has been operating in Australia since 1998 and currently has the largest Australian workforce of any Indian company, employing approximately 17,000 staff and associates. In addition to its commercial operations, TCS also actively contributes to the Australian community through a noteworthy pro-bono program. This initiative provides free IT services to six not-for-profit Australian organizations that focus on health and Indigenous leadership.

International Ayurvet conclave on ‘Veterinary and Ayurveda’ inaugurated at Haridwar

The Rishikul campus of Ayurvedic University in Haridwar recently hosted the International Ayurvet conclave with a theme on "Veterinary and Ayurveda".

The Rishikul campus of Ayurvedic University in Haridwar recently hosted the International Ayurvet conclave with a theme on “Veterinary and Ayurveda”. The event, which began on March 17, was inaugurated by Sanjiv Baliyan, the Union Minister of State for Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Fisheries.

More About The International Ayurvet conclave:

During his address, Baliyan highlighted the historical use of Ayurveda in animal treatment and shared that the government is working towards validating its use. He also expressed interest in including the subject in the curricula of various universities. The seminar concluded on March 19.

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