Important Current Affairs for CLAT-21st November 2022

Govt to Set up 100 Academies to Promote Archery Amongst Tribal Children

Union Minister for Tribal Affairs Arjun Munda has said the government has decided to set up 100 archery academies in the country to promote talent amongst tribal children by nurturing their archery skills.

What Has Been Said:

Mr. Munda said, his Ministry is continuously working for enhancing educational and health facilities and also focusing on generating employment in the tribal areas. He informed that the government is setting up Eklavya Model Residential School and implementing ‘Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojna which aims at mitigating gaps and providing basic infrastructure in villages with significant tribal population.

Tribals As A Source Of Inspiration:

Trailblazers in any field are a sought after lot as they pave the way for others to follow. And even if the next generation or even those contemporaries who chose to follow on their footsteps go on to achieve far more than these pioneers, their importance cannot be understated.

Limba Ram was synonymous with Indian archery for those growing up following Olympic sports disciplines in the 90s. And it was the intrigue surrounding the rise of an athlete from the tribal belt of Rajasthan that caught the attention of the entire country.

For someone who practiced archery with equipment made from bamboo, it’s nothing short of astonishing to see her reach the pinnacle of the sport. Deepika Kumari has done just that.

With three Olympic appearances and a string of medals in World Cups, Asian championships, the Commonwealth Games, the world championships and the Asian Games, the story of the champion archer from a village called Ram Chatti near Ranchi, Jharkhand, is simply incredible.

First Unani Medicine Regional Center of Northeast Inaugurated in Silchar, Assam

The first institute of Unani medicine in the Northeast region of India was inaugurated in Silchar town of Assam. The Unani medicine institute in Silchar of Assam was inaugurated by Union Ayush minister Sarbananda Sonowal.

More About This:

The new complex spreads over an area of 3.5 acres, built with an investment of Rs.48 crore. The National Projects Construction Corporation (NPCC) developed the complex, which is a Government of India enterprise. It was handed over to Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM), an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Ayush, Government of India.

What Has Been Said:

Union Minister of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, and Ayush, Sarbananda Sonowal said, “Ayush system of medicine has reinvigorated its acceptability among people once again after the proven results have benefitted lakhs of people during the pandemic.”

“Under the dynamic leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, there is a sincere effort to build a robust medical infrastructure that is modern, equipped and one that enables patients to heal and enhance their quality of life. The effectiveness of the Ayush system of medicine in enhancing the quality of life of people is a proven fact, which is why, we are working on a medical system, where the best of contemporary medicine can be supplemented with the traditional medicinal practices of Ayush,” he said.

About Unani Medicine:

Unani medicine, also called Unani tibb, Arabian medicine, or Islamic medicine, a traditional system of healing and health maintenance observed in South Asia. The Unani System of Medicine offers treatment of diseases related to all the systems and organs of the human body. The treatments for chronic ailments and diseases of skin, liver, musculo-skeletal and reproductive systems, immunological and lifestyle disorders have been found to be highly effective and acceptable.

Indian Army Registered IPR for ‘Combat uniform’

Indian Army registered for Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) of the new design and camouflage pattern uniform to establish the ownership. The Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademark, Kolkata completed the registration process.

Indian Army Registered IPR for ‘Combat uniform’- Key Points

  • The new Digital Pattern Combat Uniform for Indian Army soldiers was unveiled on 15 January 2022 which was also Army Day.

  • The improved uniform has a contemporary look and functional design. The fabric has been made lighter, stronger, breathable, quick-drying, and easier to maintain.

  • The uniform’s uniqueness is evident with the inclusion of gender-specific modifications for women’s combat uniforms.

  • The Defence Ministry has informed that the exclusive ‘Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)’ of the Design and Camouflage Pattern rests solely with the Indian Army, and therefore manufacturing by any vendor who is not authorized to do so will be illegal and is liable to face legal repercussions.

  • Indian Army can enforce exclusive rights to the design and can file infringement suits by way of a civil action before a competent court of law. Remedies against infringements include interim and permanent injunctions as well as damages.

CEC Shri Rajiv Kumar Invited as International Observer for Elections in Nepal

Chief Election Commissioner Rajiv Kumar has been invited by the Election Commission of Nepal as an international observer for the forthcoming elections to Nepal’s House of Representatives and Provincial Assembly, the Election Commission said.

More About The Development:

Rajiv Kumar will be leading a delegation of ECI officials as State guest in Nepal from 18 November to 22 November, 2022, the poll panel said. During his visit Kumar would be visiting Polling stations at Kathmandu and areas around.

ECI also has a similar International Election Visitors Program where members from other Election Management Bodies are invited to experience firsthand our General and Assembly Elections held periodically.

About Nepal’s Election:

Elections are scheduled in Nepal on 20 November to elect 275 members of the Federal Parliament and 550 seats of the seven Provincial Assemblies.

A total 330 seats in the seven provincial houses will be decided directly; the remaining 220 seats will be filled by proportional representation.

About Nepal’s Democratic Governments:

Nepal has seen 32 governments in as many years of democratic exercise since 1990 — and 10 governments in the 14 years since the monarchy was abolished in 2008. The country’s leaders had then made collective promises of a “stable government, consolidation of democracy, economic prosperity, and corruption free governance”. They stand thoroughly discredited — and not many people expect that the election to bring lasting political stability.

India won Excellence in Family Planning Leadership (EXCELL) Award

India became the only country to receive the Leadership in Family Planning (EXCELL) Awards 2022 in the ‘country category’ at the International Conference on Family Planning held in Thailand. India’s efforts in improving family planning demonstrate the progress the country has been making toward achieving the SDG targets on women and maternal health.

India won Excellence in Family Planning Leadership (EXCELL) Award 2022- Key Points

• The award recognizes and applauds India’s achievements in ensuring increased access.

• The adoption of modern contraceptive methods and significantly reducing the unmet needs for family planning..

• India has been making progress in improving access as well as in the adoption of modern contraceptive methods enabling couples to make informed choices about family planning.

• The overall Contraceptive Prevalence Rate has increased substantially from 54 percent to 67 percent in the country.

• The total demand satisfied for family planning among currently married women aged 15-49 in India increased from 66 percent in 2015-16 to 76 percent in 2019-21.

Russia and Ukraine Agree to Further Extend the Black Sea Grain Deal

Russia and Ukraine have agreed to extend a UN-brokered grain export deal for another 120 days, officials announced. World leaders praised the breakthrough for helping “avoid global food shortages” at a crucial time.

What Has Been Said:

Ukrainian Infrastructure Minister Oleksandr Kubrakov said that the Black Sea grain deal between Ukraine and Russia will be extended for another 120 days.

He said continuing the grain export agreement brokered by Turkey with the UN was “another important step in the global fight against the food crisis.”

Russia’s Foreign Ministry also confirmed that the deal would be extended “without changes in terms of scope” to the current agreement.

What The UN Says:

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres welcomed the agreement “by all parties to continue the Black Sea Grain Initiative to facilitate the safe navigation of export of grain, foodstuffs and fertilizers from Ukraine.”

Guterres also emphasized the necessity to remove remaining obstacles to export food and fertilizer from Russia. “Both agreements signed in Istanbul three months ago are essential to bring down the prices of food and fertilizer and avoid a global food crisis,” Guterres said.

The Risk Of The Deal:

Moscow and Kyiv had agreed to allow Ukrainian foodstuff exports via the Black Sea in a move to ease a global food crisis. The agreement allowed ships to travel without being attacked on specific routes from Ukraine to the Bosporus.

The agreement is crucial in securing food supplies for developing countries in Africa and the Middle East. Ukraine is a major global exporter of wheat, along with Russia. Grain exports were renewed after a hiatus of over four months caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Turkish Role:

The deal between the two warring sides, brokered in July by Turkey and the UN, has seen more than 11 million tonnes of agricultural products shipped from three of Ukraine’s Black Sea ports, including 4.5 million tonnes of corn and 3.2 million tonnes of wheat.

The extension was less than the one year sought by the UN and Ukraine. But Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan welcomed Russia and Ukraine’s consensus on continuing the deal. “The significance and benefits of this agreement for the food supply and security of the world have become evident,” Erdogan said.

Retired BPCL chairman Arun Kumar Singh to be next chief of ONGC

BPCL’s former chairman Arun Kumar Singh is likely to be the new chairman of India’s top oil and gas producer Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC). He retired from BPCL after attaining the superannuation age last month and was already selected to head the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) before the August 27 interviews. The will be first time that a person aged over 60 will be heading a top PSU board-level position.

Big name in Oil refining market, Singh was chosen by a search-cum-selection committee, constituted by the oil ministry. They zeroed in on Singh after interviewing six candidates on August 27, 2022. If his selection is approved, Singh will be heading cash-rich PSU (Public Sector Unit) for three years. Eligibility criteria for a board-level position at PSU provide for an internal candidate (applicant from within the PSU) should not be more than 58 years of age on the date of the vacancy. This eligibility for external candidates is the maximum age of 57 years on the date of the vacancy.

Vikram-S Rocket Launched By ISRO, India’s First Privately Developed Rocket

Vikram-S Rocket, India’s first privately developed rocket launched from the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) at the Sriharikota launchpad. The launch of Vikram-S Rocket by ISRO is a historic moment.

The Vikram-S Rocket is developed by Hyderabad-based start-up Skyroot Aerospace Private Limited, and it is a 6-meter gall and hits a peak altitude of 89.5 kilometers. After five minutes of launch, the Vikram-S Rocket splashed into the Bay of Bengal. The mission was titled Prarambh.

About Vikram-S Rocket

The Vikram-S Rocket is a single-stage solid fuelled, sub-orbital rocket developed over two years by incorporating advanced technologies that include carbon composite structures and 3D printer components.

The Vikram-S Rocket is equipped with a gross lift-off mass of 545kg, and a payload mass of 80kg. Vikram-S carried three customer payloads which will map the measurement and validation of certain flight parameters and payload integration processes.

About Skyroot Aerospace

The Skyroot firm was launched in June 2018 by two engineers Pawan Kumar Chandana and Naga Bharath Daka. The firm aims to open space for all, he is pushing the boundaries of today’s techno. It is working towards a future where space becomes a part of our lives and claims that such a transition will transform humankind like never before.

Initially, Skyroot built ticket components to send satellites into space. After the Indian government opened the sector to private firms, it promptly signed up with ISRO, which allows the such players to use the agency’s launching facilities. The start-up formally entered the space and technology industry with an agreement with ISRO in September 2011.

Key Points related to the Vikram-S Rocket launch by Skyroot

  • The launch of India’s first privately developed rocket was a technology demonstration flight to showcase the capabilities of the company.

  • The rocket will help validate the technologies that will be used in the subsequent Vikram-1 orbital vehicle of Skyroot.

  • The Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (In-space) has been operating as a single window, the autonomous nodal agency of the Department of Space (DOS) to boost the private sector economy in India.

  • This project took Skyroot Aerospace about two years to develop and built the Vikram-S using advanced technologies.