Important Current Affairs for CLAT-22nd July 2022

Draupadi Murmu President Of India GK Questions And Answer Draupadi Murmu is the 15th President of India and the second female President of India. She is the first tribal woman elected as the President of India. She was also the first female governor of Jharkhand. She was born in Mayurbhanj, Odisha, and was working with Bhartiya Janta Party since she entered politics. In this article, we have included MCQ GK questions and answers on Draupadi Murmu for the students preparing for competitive exams to keep a check on their preparation. 1. Draupadi Murmu belongs to which political party? a) Biju Janata Dal b) Bhartiya Janta Party c) Shivsena d) None of these Solution 1: b) Bhartiya Janta Party 2. Draupadi Murmu was the Governor of which state? a) Andhra Pradesh b) Odisha c) Jharkhand d) Bihar Solution 2: c) Jharkhand 3. When was Draupadi Murmu elected as the councilor of Rairangpur Nagar Panchayat? a) 1980 b) 1999 c) 1997 d) 1996 Solution 3: c) 1997 4. Which award was received by Draupadi Murmu and and and and presented by the Odisha Legislative Assembly? a) Neelachakra Award b) Nilkantha Award c) Khel Ratna Award d) Padma Shree Award Solution 4: b) Nilkantha Award 5. Who was the first woman governor of Jharkhand? a) Puspa Devi b) Sabita Mahato c) Sita Murmu d) Draupadi Murmu Solution 5: d) Draupadi Murmu 6. Who is the first female tribal leader from Odisha? a) Sulata Deo b) Draupadi Murmu c) Rita Tarai d) Sakuntala Laguri Solution 6: b) Draupadi Murmu 7. In which year Draupadi Murmu was awarded the Best MLA? a) 2004 b) 2006 c) 2005 d) 2007 Solution 7: d) 2007 8. Draupadi Murmu was the in charge of Commerce and Transportation in which year? a) 6 March 2000 to 7 April 2003 b) 6 March 2000 to 6 August 2002 c) 6 December 2005 to 6 January 2006 d) 6 August 2000 to 6 November 2000 Solution 8: b) 6 March 2000 to 6 August 2002 9. Draupadi Murmu served as the Vice-president of which party? a) Bhartiya Janta Party’s Schedule Tribes Morcha b) Biju Janata Party’s Schedule Tribes Morcha c) Both a) and b) d) None of these Solution 9: a) Bhartiya Janta Party’s Schedule Tribes Morcha 10. Who is the second female President of India in 2022? a) Draupadi Murmu b) Pratibha Patil c) Sonia Gandhi d) Mamata Banerjee Solution 10: a) Draupadi Murmu


Sheikh Mohammed Sabah Al Salem named as new Kuwait’s Prime Minister

Kuwait’s Emir Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah has issued a decree to appoint Sheikh Mohammed Sabah Al Salem as a new Prime Minister. The appointment of a new PM comes three months after former Prime Minister Sheikh Sabah Al-Khaled Hamad Al-Sabah submitted his resignation, the fourth in the past two years and a half.

Who is Sheikh Mohammed Sabah Al Salem?

  • Sheikh Mohammed Sabah was born in 1955 and is the fourth son of the 12th Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah Al Salem Al Sabah, who ruled Kuwait from 1965 until 1977. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from Claremont College in California, and a PhD in Economics and Middle Eastern Studies from Harvard University.

  • Sheikh Al-Salem held a number of positions; most notably, as a teaching assistant, and a member of a mission in the Economics Department at the College of Commerce, Economics and Political Science at Kuwait University, for 6 years, extending from 1979 until 1985.

  • In 2003, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Acting Minister of Social Affairs and Labor.

  • At the beginning of 2006, he was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, and after only 4 months, he was reappointed to the same positions. He also held the same positions in the 2007, 2008, and 2009 ministerial reshuffles, in addition to occupying the acting Ministry of Oil.

Assam CM Himanta Biswa Sarma launched ‘Swanirbhar Naari’ scheme

Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma has launched ‘Swanirbhar Naari’, a scheme to empower indigenous weavers in Assam’s Guwahati. The state government will procure handloom items directly from indigenous weavers via a web portal under the scheme. The scheme will help in preserving the heritage of handlooms and textiles in the state.

Under the scheme:

  • The State government has decided to procure handloom items directly from the indigenous weavers without involving any middlemen through a specially developed Swanirbhar Naari web portal.

  • The scheme will be implemented with the help of ARTFED and AGMC under the administrative control of the Director, Handloom Textiles, Assam. Altogether 31 nos. hand woven items are covered in the scheme belonging to various communities residing in the state.

After procurement, products will be sold through formal channels of ARTFED’s outlet Jagaran and AGMC’s outlet Pragjyotika in Assam and in other states of the country. The online registration is designed in a way to reach those areas also, where departmental yarn banks are not available. It is expected that the portal will bridge the gap in between the weavers and the buyers.

Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi resigned

Prime Minister of Italy, Mario Draghi has stepped down from his post after key coalition parties withdrew their support for his government on measures tackling the high cost of living. Draghi submitted his resignation to President Sergio Mattarella. However, Draghi’s government will continue to function under a caretaker capacity till a new leader is elected. He was elected as Prime Minister of Italy in February 2021.

Draghi’s exit will also be a setback to the western alliance against Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The Italian leader has taken an uncompromising stand towards Moscow and was a key architect of the tough sanctions against Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Italy’s inflation rate hit 8 per cent in June, its highest level since 1986, according to the statistical agency. Faltering on a tight schedule of promised reforms would also jeopardise Rome’s ability to receive €200bn from the EU recovery fund.


World Brain Day celebrates globally on July 22

The World Federation of Neurology (WFN) celebrates World Brain Day on every July 22, focusing on a different theme each year. According to WHO, good brain health is a state in which every individual can realize their own abilities and optimize their cognitive, emotional, psychological and behavioural functioning to cope with life situations.

What is the theme of World Brain Day 2022?

World Brain Day (WBD) 2022 is dedicated to the theme “Brain Health for all” as our brains continue to be challenged by pandemics, wars, climate change and the myriad of disorders impacting human existence globally.

WBD 2022 campaign will be focusing on these five key messages globally:

  • Awareness: Brain health is vital for mental, social, and physical wellbeing

  • Prevention: Many brain diseases are preventable

  • Advocacy: Global efforts are required for optimal brain health

  • Education: Education for all is key for brain health

  • Access: Equitable access to resources, treatment, and rehabilitation is essential for brain health.

FICCI downgrades India’s GDP growth forecast for 2022-23 to 7%

Industry body Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI) has downgraded India’s economic output estimate for this financial year by 40 basis points to 7% for 2022-23. In April, FICCI had estimated India’s growth at 7.4% for 2022-23. Owing to geopolitical uncertainties and their impact on Asia’s third largest economy.

However, in its latest round of Economic Outlook Survey (July 2022), it revised the growth projection on account of geopolitical uncertainty and its repercussions for the Indian economy. The present round of surveys that drew responses from leading economists representing the industry, banking, and financial services sector, was conducted in the month of June 2022.

Why does this downgrade happen?

  • The industry body listed rising commodity prices, supply-side disruptions, and bleak global growth prospects with the conflict prolonging in Europe as major risk factors to India’s economic recovery.

  • FICCI estimated India’s retail inflation rate at 6.7% for 2022-23, with a minimum and maximum range of 5.4% and 7.0% respectively, which is in line with RBI’s projections. It further expected the inflation levels to slow down starting September 2022 and fall back into the 4% range only by June 2023.

Zero coupon, zero principal bond declared by Govt as securities

The government has designated “zero coupon zero principal instruments” as securities in preparation for the creation of a social stock exchange. A Not for Profit Organization (NPO) that will be registered with the social stock exchange segment of a recognised stock exchange will issue a zero coupon, zero principal instrument. According to a formal announcement released on Friday, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) will establish the laws that would apply to these instruments.

KEY POINTS:

  • The Social Stock Exchange (SSE), a revolutionary idea in India, aims to benefit private and nonprofit sector providers by increasing their access to money.

  • Nirmala Sitharaman, the finance minister, proposed the concept in her Budget Speech for 2019–20.

  • SSE will be a distinct division of the current stock markets.

  • According to the notification, “zero coupon zero principal instruments” have been designated as securities for the purposes of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956.

  • Sebi’s board approved a framework for SSE for social businesses to raise money in September 2021.

  • The recommendations of a working group and technical group assembled by the regulator served as the foundation for the development of the SSE framework.

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