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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-23rd August 2023

Khelo India Women’s League To Be Known As Asmita Women’s League

Anurag Singh Thakur, the Union Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports, has unveiled that the esteemed Khelo India Women’s League will be recognized as the “Asmita Women’s League” from now on. This purposeful transformation underscores the government’s commitment to advancing gender equality and nurturing the vibrant engagement of women in the realm of sports.

ASMITA: Achieving Sports Milestone by Inspiring Women Through Action

The new name, “Asmita Women’s League,” carries a profound meaning. ASMITA stands for “Achieving Sports Milestone by Inspiring Women Through Action“, encapsulating the spirit of resilience, determination, and achievement that defines women athletes across the nation. This change not only offers a new identity but also embodies the aspirations of countless women who strive to make their mark in the sporting arena.

Acknowledging the Digital Leap: Asmita Portal and Logo

Mr. Thakur took to social media to commend the entire Khelo India team for their visionary concept of the Asmita Women’s League. He also expressed his appreciation for the development of the Asmita Portal and its new logo, recognizing these advancements as significant steps towards the digital transformation of Indian sports. This demonstrates the government’s commitment to leveraging technology to enhance the overall sports experience and engagement.

The Asmita Portal: A Comprehensive Sporting Resource

Central to the new initiative is the Asmita Portal – a comprehensive online resource that provides valuable insights into upcoming leagues and events. This platform will serve as a hub for information, fostering a sense of community among sports enthusiasts and athletes alike.

Importantly, the portal is designed to empower schools, colleges, government bodies, and private organizations to host the ‘Asmita Women’s League’, facilitating wider participation and contribution to India’s sporting excellence.

A Stride Towards Inclusivity and Excellence

Mr. Thakur underlined the government’s steadfast commitment to bolstering women’s sports in India. This commitment is yielding tangible results through increased opportunities, enhanced facilities, and the development of world-class sports infrastructure at both elite and grassroots levels. The term “Asmita” aptly captures the essence of these efforts – a collective drive to achieve sports milestones through the inspiration derived from the accomplishments of women athletes.

Yes Bank Launches All-In-One ‘IRIS’ Mobile App

In a significant leap forward for India’s digital banking landscape, YES BANK has introduced its groundbreaking mobile banking app, IRIS by YES BANK. This innovative app is poised to redefine the way customers engage with their financial institutions, offering an unparalleled combination of convenience, efficiency, and personalization. With over 100 features and services available at the touch of a button, iris by YES BANK represents a quantum leap in digital banking.

Empowering Customers with a Seamless Experience

Designed to cater to both existing and new customers, IRIS by YES BANK introduces a new era of banking convenience. The app’s sleek and intuitive user interface is crafted to provide a simplified banking experience that appeals to users of all age groups and backgrounds. Beyond its user-friendly design, the app is fortified with state-of-the-art safety features, including Biometric Authentication, Sim-Binding, and a 2-factor Verification system, ensuring utmost security for customers’ financial data.

Co-Creation and Technological Prowess

A highlight of iris by YES BANK is its co-creation process. Based on valuable feedback from YES BANK customers, the app is a product of collaboration between the bank and its clientele. This symbiotic relationship between the bank and its customers demonstrates YES BANK’s commitment to creating a digitally empowered ecosystem within the country.

Leveraging its technological prowess, YES BANK has transformed customer feedback into a robust solution that empowers users to meet their banking needs on the go. The app stands as a testament to the bank’s dedication to providing cutting-edge digital solutions that elevate the overall banking experience.

Key Features of IRIS by YES BANK

The app offers a comprehensive suite of features, including:

  • Savings Account Opening: Users can effortlessly open a savings account in real-time via the app.

  • Credit Cards: Access to a wide range of YES BANK credit card options with seamless application processes.

  • Instant Loans: Quick approvals for YES BANK’s lending products available directly through the app.

  • Deposits: Conveniently book recurring and fixed deposits on the go.

  • Effortless Payments: Multiple digital payment modes for seamless transactions.

  • Customized Investments: Access to diverse investment options tailored to individual risk appetites and financial goals.

  • Integrated Insurance Services: Choose from a selection of insurance services within the app.

Accessible Across Platforms

The IRIS by YES BANK mobile app is available for download on both Google Play Store and App Store. Compatible with Android and iOS smartphones, the app ensures that a transformative banking experience is just a download away.

Chandrayaan-2 vs Chandrayaan-3: A Comparative Analysis

India’s space agency, ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization), is gearing up for its third lunar exploration mission – Chandrayaan-3, launched on July 14, 2023. This mission aims to rectify the setbacks encountered during its predecessor, Chandrayaan-2, and accomplish a successful soft landing on the lunar surface along with rover exploration. In this article, we will delve into the key differences between these two missions.

Mission Design and Approach:

Chandrayaan-2 vs Chandrayaan-3: A Comparative Analysis

Chandrayaan-2:

  • Chandrayaan-2 comprised an orbiter, a lander named Vikram, and a rover named Pragyan.

  • The mission design followed a success-based approach, aiming for a precise landing within a targeted 500mx500m area.

  • The Vikram lander carried a central thruster and had five legs.

Chandrayaan-3:

  • Chandrayaan-3 is designed with a focus on failure-based strategies to enhance mission success.

  • The mission includes a lander named Vikram and a rover named Pragyan, omitting the orbiter from the configuration.

  • The landing area has been expanded, allowing the lander to safely touch down anywhere within a 4kmx2.4km area.

  • Vikram lander has been equipped with more fuel for longer travel distances to reach the landing site or an alternate site if needed.

  • The lander’s landing site determination has been improved by integrating high-resolution images from Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter.

  • Changes in the lander’s physical structure include removing the central thruster, strengthening the legs for higher velocity landings, and adding more solar panels for increased power generation.

Payloads and Scientific Instruments:

Chandrayaan-2:

  • Chandrayaan-2’s payloads included scientific instruments on the orbiter, lander, and rover.

  • The orbiter carried instruments to study the Moon’s surface and exosphere, among others.

  • Lander payloads included RAMBHA, ChaSTE, ILSA, and LP, aimed at measuring various aspects of the lunar environment.

  • The Pragyan rover had Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) for elemental analysis.

Chandrayaan-3:

  • The propulsion module of Chandrayaan-3 carries the SHAPE payload, designed to search for habitable planets through spectro-polarimetry.

  • Lander payloads include RAMBHA (from NASA), ChaSTE, ILSA, and LP, similar to Chandrayaan-2, measuring seismicity, thermal properties, and more.

  • Rover payloads remain consistent with APXS and LIBS for in-situ elemental composition analysis.

Implementation and Soft Landing:

Chandrayaan-2:

  • The Vikram lander attempted a soft landing on the lunar surface but faced a failure during descent due to a last-minute glitch.

  • Chandrayaan-2’s Pragyan rover couldn’t be deployed due to the unsuccessful landing.

Chandrayaan-3:

  • Chandrayaan-3 aims to achieve a successful soft landing with Vikram and deploy Pragyan rover to explore the lunar surface.

  • The changes in design and improvements in landing site determination increase the chances of a successful landing.

Significance and International Context:

  • Chandrayaan-2’s setback highlighted the complexity and challenges of lunar exploration, inspiring a failure-based approach in Chandrayaan-3.

  • If Chandrayaan-3 succeeds in its mission objectives, India will become the fourth country to achieve a successful soft landing on the Moon, following the US, Russia, and China.

Nitin Gadkari launches Bharat NCAP(New Car Assessment Programme

The Bharat New Car Assessment Programme (Bharat NCAP) was launched by Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways Shri Nitin Gadkari on August 22, 2023, in New Delhi. The program aims to enhance road safety by elevating vehicle safety standards for up to 3.5-tonne vehicles in India. Bharat NCAP will also greatly push the safety and quality of the vehicles in India, while simultaneously promoting a healthy competition among OEMs to manufacture safer vehicles.

NCAP(New Car Assessment Programme), Program Details

  • The program is applicable to type approved motor vehicles of M1 category less than 3.5T GVW.

  • This is a voluntary program in which the base variants of a given model shall be tested.

  • The program will commence from October 1, 2023, and will be based on Automotive Industry Standard (AIS) 197.

  • The program aims to create an ecosystem of competitive safety enhancements leading to increased awareness among consumers.

  • Consumers can take an informed decision by making a comparative assessment on vehicle performance under crash test conditions.

Benefits of Bharat NCAP

  • Bharat NCAP will help to improve the safety of vehicles in India.

  • It will promote a healthy competition among OEMs to manufacture safer vehicles.

  • It will help to create awareness among consumers about the safety features of vehicles.

  • It will help to reduce the number of road accidents and fatalities in India.

Conclusion

The launch of Bharat NCAP is a major step towards improving road safety in India. The program is expected to have a positive impact on the safety of vehicles and the behavior of drivers. It is a win-win for both manufacturers and consumers, and it is an important step towards making India a safer place to drive.

Srettha Thavisin Elected As Thailand Prime Minister

Thai property tycoon Srettha Thavisin has been elected as the new prime minister of Thailand following a decisive win in a parliamentary vote. The 60-year-old Thavisin’s victory in the parliamentary vote, with the support of two-thirds of the assembly, ends weeks of political uncertainty that followed an election held 100 days ago.

A Visionary’s Genesis: From Procter & Gamble to Sansiri

Srettha Thavisin after completing his studies in 1986, embarked on his professional path, assuming the role of an assistant product manager at Procter & Gamble. This initial chapter of his career spanned a duration of four years, during which he gained valuable insights and experience. However, it was in the year 1988 that he embarked on a transformative journey, co-founding Sansiri. This enterprise would go on to establish itself as one of Thailand’s foremost real estate development companies, leaving an indelible mark on the industry.

The Intricacies of Coalition Building and Political Stability

Srettha Thavisin’s election as prime minister ushers in a new era of coalition politics. He faces the challenging task of holding together a potentially fragile coalition government, which includes parties affiliated with the royalist military. The military, notorious for orchestrating coups in 2006 and 2014 that toppled Pheu Thai (a major Thai political party) governments, holds a significant stake in this coalition. Thavisin’s ability to navigate the intricacies of this coalition will play a pivotal role in determining the stability and direction of Thailand’s government.

The Resilience of the Piripkura Tribe: Last Survivors Found Deep within the Amazon Rainforest

Deep within the heart of the Amazon rainforest lies an extraordinary tale – that of the Piripkura tribe. This story revolves around Tamandua Piripkura, one of the last remaining three survivors of this indigenous community. Their journey encapsulates the unyielding struggle of Indigenous people against the encroachment of the modern world.

The Enigmatic Piripkura Tribe: Isolation and Identity

  • The Piripkura tribe is a secluded indigenous group found in Brazil.

  • Known for their extreme isolation, they have deliberately avoided contact with mainstream society.

  • Their commitment to maintaining their traditional way of life has spanned generations.

The Amazon’s Hidden Gem: Territory and Significance

  • The Piripkura territory is nestled in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso, within the Amazon rainforest.

  • Their land is a treasure trove of biodiversity, playing a critical role in the ecological balance of the region.

  • The tribe’s close connection with their natural habitat underscores their role as stewards of the forest.

The Vanishing People: Dwindling Numbers and Census Challenges

  • The Piripkura tribe’s population is estimated to consist of merely three individuals.

  • Conducting an accurate census is complicated due to their isolation and unique circumstances.

  • The threat of their complete disappearance looms large, putting at risk their rich cultural heritage.

Perils of Progress: Threats to Survival

  • Illegal logging poses a significant threat to the Piripkura territory, eroding their ancestral lands.

  • Mining activities encroach upon their habitat, disrupting their traditional way of life.

  • The expanding settled lands further limit their already confined space and access to resources.

The Indomitable Spirit: A Call for Preservation

  • The Piripkura’s story embodies resilience and determination in the face of adversity.

  • Their struggle resonates as a plea for the protection of indigenous rights and cultural diversity.

  • Preserving their way of life is vital not just for them, but for the wider world that benefits from a diverse tapestry of cultures.

Justice Prakash Shrivastava appointed as NGT chairperson

Justice Prakash Shrivastava has been appointed as Chairperson of National Green Tribunal (NGT). After the former Chairperson Justice A.K Goel retired. After the former Chairperson Justice A.K Goel retired in July, Justice Sheo Kumar Singh was appointed as the Acting Chairperson. Justice Srivastav Enrolled as Advocate on February 2, 1987. He Practised on Tax, Civil and Constitutional sides in the Supreme Court of India at New Delhi. He was later appointed as a Judge of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh on January 18, 2008 and became a permanent Judge on January 15, 2010.

Life and Career of Prakash Shrivastava

Justice Shrivastava was born on March 31, 1961.In the year 1987, he was enrolled as an advocate and practiced in tax, civil, and constitutional law, at the Supreme Court. Later, he was appointed as an additional judge at the Madhya Pradesh High Court on January 18, 2008 before being made permanent on January 15, 2010. Subsequently, Justice Shrivastava served as the Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court from October 11, 2021 till his retirement on March 30, 2023.

About the NGT

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) is a specialized body set up by the Government of India under the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 to provide speedy and effective justice to cases related to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources. It is a quasi-judicial body with powers to hear and decide cases relating to environmental pollution, environmental degradation, and other matters affecting the environment.

The NGT has its headquarters in New Delhi and has five zonal benches located at Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata, Chennai, and Guwahati. The Tribunal is headed by a Chairperson who is a retired judge of the Supreme Court or the High Court. The other members of the Tribunal are also qualified legal professionals.

The NGT has the power to:

  • hear and decide cases relating to environmental pollution, environmental degradation, and other matters affecting the environment;

  • issue directions, orders, or decrees for the protection of the environment;

  • award compensation for damages caused to the environment;

  • take suo motu action on matters relating to environmental protection; and

  • perform such other functions as may be prescribed.

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