top of page

Important Current Affairs for CLAT-27th July 2023

Over 5 Crore MGNREGA Job Cards Deleted in 2022-23

The Lok Sabha was informed about the significant increase in the number of MGNREGA job card deletions in the financial year 2022-23 compared to the previous year. Rural Development Minister Giriraj Singh provided a written reply outlining the reasons for the deletions, which included issues like fake job cards, duplicates, people opting out, relocations, and deaths.

Increase in MGNREGA Job Card Deletions:

  • In 2021-22, a total of 1,49,51,247 MGNREGA job cards were deleted.

  • However, in the financial year 2022-23, the number of deletions skyrocketed to 5,18,91,168 job cards, marking a staggering 247% increase.

States with High Deletion Numbers:

  • West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana witnessed the highest number of MGNREGA job card deletions.

  • In West Bengal, the number of deleted job cards surged by over 5,000% from 1,57,309 in 2021-22 to 83,36,115 in 2022-23.

  • Andhra Pradesh saw a significant increase of 1,147% in job card deletions, rising from 6,25,514 in 2021-22 to 78,05,569 in 2022-23.

  • Telangana experienced a substantial growth of 2,727% in job card deletions, escalating from 61,278 in 2021-22 to 17,32,936 in 2022-23.

  • Gujarat also witnessed a notable rise of over 200% in job card deletions, increasing from 1,43,202 workers’ cards in 2021-22 to 4,30,404 in 2022-23.

Reasons for Deletions:

The deletions of MGNREGA job cards were attributed to various reasons, including:

  1. Fake job cards

  2. Duplicate job cards

  3. Workers not willing to work anymore

  4. Families permanently shifting from the Gram Panchayat

  5. Deceased workers

Inclusion of Youth in MGNREGA:

  • Responding to another question, Giriraj Singh stated that the number of people aged 18-30 years registered under the MGNREGA scheme increased from 2.95 crore in the financial year 2020-21 to 3.06 crore in 2022-23.

Representation of Women Workers:

  • In the financial year 2022-23, women constituted 57.43% of the MGNREGA workforce.

Key points about the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA):

Over 5 Crore MGNREGA Job Cards Deleted in 2022-23

  1. Objective: MGNREGA was enacted in 2005 with the primary goal of enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.

  2. Legal Right: MGNREGA guarantees the right to work, making it a legal entitlement for rural households to demand employment under the scheme.

  3. Scope: The scheme covers all rural areas across India, except for those in the Union Territories, ensuring widespread access to employment opportunities.

  4. Employment Generation: MGNREGA aims to create durable assets and promote sustainable development while generating employment opportunities for rural workers.

  5. Wage Payment: Workers employed under MGNREGA are entitled to receive wages directly from the government within 15 days of the completion of work.

  6. Labor-intensive Projects: The scheme emphasizes labor-intensive projects, such as water conservation, irrigation, road construction, afforestation, and other activities that benefit the community.

  7. Social Inclusion: MGNREGA has a special focus on the inclusion of marginalized groups, including women, Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), and other vulnerable sections of society.

  8. Planning and Implementation: The scheme is planned and implemented at the grassroots level through the Gram Panchayats, ensuring local ownership and participatory decision-making.

  9. Fund Allocation: The Central government provides funds for MGNREGA, and the allocation is based on the poverty ratio and the wage rate index of each state.

  10. Electronic Management System: To ensure transparency and accountability, MGNREGA uses an electronic management system to track and monitor the implementation of projects and wage payments.

Pakistan A Wins ACC Men’s Emerging Teams Asia Cup 2023

Pakistan A cricket team won Asian Cricket Council (ACC) Men’s Emerging Teams Asia Cup 2023 by defeating India A in the finals at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo, Sri Lanka. This marks Pakistan’s second consecutive win in the tournament,previously it won the cup in the 2019 finals against Bangladesh in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

AwardPlayerCountryStatsPlayer of the SeriesNishant SindhuIndiaMost Runs in the tournamentAvishka FernandoSri Lanka225 runsMost Wickets in the tournamentNishant SindhuIndia11 wicketsPlayer of the FinalTayyab TahirPakistan

About ACC Men’s Emerging Teams Asia Cup 2023

i.The fifth edition ACC Men’s Emerging Teams Asia Cup 2023 held from 13th July to 23rd July 2023 in Colombo, Sri Lanka. ii.The eight teams participated in the event including India A, Sri Lanka A, Bangladesh A, Afghanistan A, Oman A, Pakistan A, Nepal A and United Arab Emirates.

Note:

The India A cricket team is the second tier of the Indian national cricket team, consisting of players who are usually on their way of making it into the national squad.

About ACC Men’s Emerging Teams Asia Cup

i. It is organised by the Asian Cricket Council(ACC) and the first editon was held at Singapore in 2013. ii. The list of teams that won the cup includes India(2013), Sri Lanka(2017), Sri Lanka(2018),Pakistan( 2019) and Pakistan( 2023).

Newly Constructed National Martyr’s Memorial Unveiled at Jagjivan RPF Academy Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

Shri Sanjay Chander, Director General of Railway Protection Force (RPF), unveiled the recently constructed National Martyr’s Memorial and National Museum for Railway Security at Jagjivan RPF Academy, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

This martyr’s memorial is spread over an area of 4800 square meters and on this memorial, the names of 1014 martyred RPF personnel from 1957 till date have been inscribed and tribute has been paid to them on behalf of the RPF.

Exploring the Rich Heritage and Achievements of the Railway Protection Force

  • The museum offers visitors a comprehensive insight into the history, origin, accomplishments, duties, and responsibilities of the Railway Protection Force.

  • Spanning an area of 9000 sq. ft, it features 37 thematic display panels, 11 display cabinets, an infographic detailing the policing history, 87 artifacts, 500 pages from the National Archives of India, 36 antiquated weapons, 150 railway-related security items, and 15 mannequins representing various ranks within the Railway Protection Force, along with various other significant exhibits.

Guiding motto

The guiding motto of this museum is ‘Gyanvardhanayachsanrakshanaya‘ which serves as a perpetual inspiration for the RPF to foster knowledge and safeguard heritage.

Unveiling of Impressive Additions at the Academy Campus

The Director General of Railway Protection Force also unveiled several other significant additions, including a War Trophy T-55 tank received from Central Armoured Fighting Vehicle Depot Kirkee, Khadki, Pune, which now graces the academy campus. Moreover, the newly constructed Badminton and Lawn Tennis Court and the establishment of the Special Band of RPF were also part of the unveiling ceremony.

Israel’s Controversial Judicial Reform Bill

Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu passed Controversial Judicial Reform Bill to limit the Supreme Courts’ ability to overturn decisions made by the government ministers.

What’s in News?

Israel has recently passed Controversial Judicial Reform Bill to limit the Supreme Court’s ability to overturn the decisions made by the government ministers. The new measure was passed by 64-0 votes as the opposition lawmakers stormed out of the chamber and refrained from voting.

New Measure that has been passed

This new measure of the Israel Government also called as ‘reasonableness bill’ according to which the Supreme Court cannot overrule the National Government using the legal standard of ‘reasonableness’.

  • Reasonableness: It is a legal standard which is used by many judicial systems including Australia, Britain and Canada. A decision is said to be unreasonable if a court rules that it was made without considering all relevant factors or without giving relevant weight to each factor or by giving irrelevant factors too much weight.

Government’s rationale

PM Benjamin Netanyahu and his supporters stated that this bill was passed to rebalance powers between the branches of the government.

PM stated that the Supreme Court has become an insular, elitist group that does not represent the Israeli people. It has overstepped its role, getting into issues it should not rule on.

Criticism

As Israel’s Opposition lawmakers don’t have enough numbers in the Parliament to stop the reforms, non-parliamentary organizations have taken to the streets. Protestors blocked a main thoroughfare in Jerusalem, where Israel’s Parliament is located, as protest leaders called on opponents of the legislation to come out into the streets wherever they were.

Military reservists, technology leaders, academicians, senior doctors and trade union leaders, who had joined forces this year to compel Netanyahu to suspend the reforms for a few months, are threatening to go on strikes.

Amit Shah inaugurates centralised security control centre for 66 airports under CISF cover

Amit Shah, the Union Home Minister, officially inaugurated a centralized Aviation Security Control Centre (ASCC) established by the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) in New Delhi. The primary objective behind this initiative is to effectively address the prevailing security challenges. The ASCC will be responsible for monitoring all potential threats and social media activity pertaining to the 66 civil airports currently under the CISF’s security coverage.

Centralized Aviation Security Control Centre (ASCC): Real-Time Monitoring and Optimum Resource Utilization

The ASCC operates through “24×7 real-time data monitoring and trend analysis of passengers and air traffic.” Equipped with state-of-the-art technologies, including a data center, research and development lab, and a dedicated war room for emergencies, the centre efficiently processes information.

It receives continuous real-time data from the security operations control centres (SOCCs) at the 66 airports, which includes major civil aviation facilities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Jammu, Srinagar, and Amritsar, among others. These airports are known for their high volume of activity and heightened sensitivity. The ASCC provides accurate and up-to-date information on passenger traffic at any given time, enabling optimal resource allocation and utilization.

CISF’s Aviation Security Operations at 66 Airports

The CISF, responsible for aviation security, will oversee various aspects at the 66 airports it covers. These include monitoring bomb threat calls, VVIP movements, major incidents, passenger clearance time, and the utilization of security gadgets and queue management systems. The CISF, functioning under the Union home ministry’s command, offers armed security cover to these airports as part of its aviation security group (ASG).

Denmark’s Jonas Vingegaard has won 110th edition of the Tour de France

Denmark’s Jonas Vingegaard of the Jumbo-Visma, Dutch professional bicycle racing team,has won 110th edition of the Tour de France for a second straight year on the Champs-Elysees in Paris, France. The Tour de France (Tour of France) is an annual men’s multiple-stage bicycle race primarily held in France.

Vingegaard crossed the finish line after the 21-day race 7min 29sec ahead of Slovenia’s Tadej Pogacar, the champion in 2020 and 2021. Vingegaard’s winning margin (7 minutes and 29 seconds) was the largest since 2014. The tour covers 3,405 kilometres with eight mountain stages across five mountain ranges. Vingegaard seized control of the race over two stages in the Alps.

About the Denmark’s Jonas Vingegaard

Jonas Vingegaard Rasmussen (Danish); born 10 December 1996) is a Danish professional cyclist who rides for UCI WorldTeam Team Jumbo–Visma. He won the 2022 and 2023 editions of the Tour de France. Vingegaard started as a youth rider for various Danish teams, making his breakthrough as a senior rider as part of UCI Continental team ColoQuick–Cult in 2016. He was known as a physical specimen and broke records in climbs, but still lacked major results on the road. As part of Team Jumbo–Visma, which he joined in 2019, he impressed at the Tour de Pologne and rode as a domestique for Primož Roglič at the Vuelta a España.

Government to face no-confidence motion in Parliament

A No-Confidence Motion notice has been submitted by the Congress and Bharat Rashtra Samiti (BRS) in the Lok Sabha against PM Narendra Modi’s Government over the Manipur issue.

What’s in News?

The Congress and Bharat Rashtra Samiti (BRS) have submitted no-confidence motion notice in the Lok Sabha against the PM Modi’s Government over the Manipur issue. The notice has been accepted and the Speaker will announce the date of debate soon.

The notice has been submitted by has also submitted a separate no-confidence motion notice. Congress’s deputy leader Gaurav Gogoi and BRS floor leader Nageshwar Rao

PM Modi’s Government which enjoys the majority of at least 332 MPs in the Lok Sabha, faces no threat from this no-confidence motion.

Reason:

The main reason of this action is the Manipur issue that have left over 125 people dead, thousands displaced and new tales of unspeakable horrors each day. The conflict and the government’s inability to end it even after three months of violence has been a key reason for the continuous logjam in both houses of parliament since monsoon session began on 20th July.

The opposition INDIA stated that their main aim to use the debate is to highlight the Manipur issue and pressurise the government to address the matter in the Parliament.

What is No-Confidence motion?

The No-Confidence motion signifies the state when one or more members of parliament have lost confidence in the appointed government. In that case, the opposition can challenge the government’s majority and ability to govern and if passed, the government must resign.

Rules to move No-Confidence Motion

A No-Confidence Motion can be moved by any member of the Lok Sabha but it must be supported by atleast 50 members of the House. The notice of the motion must be in written and presented before 10am and the Speaker will read it in the House.

After the motion is moved, the speaker will decide whether to admit the motion for discussion and debate. If admitted, the date of the motion must be scheduled within 10 days of acceptance by the Speaker.

Debate on No-Confidence Mation

The motion is debated in the Lok Sabha, with the member who submitted it. It is followed by the response of the government and the opposition parties can speak over it.

After the debate, the Lok Sabha votes on the motion and it passes if supported by a majority of the members.

Outcome

There are two conditions:

  • If the motion is passed, the government must resign.

  • If the motion is not passed by the majority, the government remains in power.

Comments


bottom of page