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Important Current Affairs for CLAT- 7th July 2022

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY): Aims and Features

The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana is a nationwide scheme for better connectivity and transportation in rural areas. This Yojana was launched in December 2000, to provide unrestricted all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages of India. This Scheme is centrally sponsored and it is a part of the poverty reduction strategies of the government. It works under the Ministry of Rural Development.

The project was fully funded by the Central Government. In 2015, the 14th Finance Commission recommended that the sub-group of Chief Minister on rationalization of Centrally sponsored schemes, it was announced that the project will be funded by both the Central Government and state. It continues with a 60:40 ratio.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana: Aims

  • With a population of 1000 persons and about by 2003.

  • With a population of 500 people and above by 2007.

  • In hills states, tribal and desert area villages with a population of 500 persons and above by 2003.

  • In hills states, tribal and desert area villages with a population of 250 persons and above by 2007.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana: Significance

  • This scheme helps in enhancing rural development by increasing social and economic services, which ultimately increases farm incomes and employment opportunities for people.

  • The road development program is the responsibility of the government. The rural road development is retarded because of inadequate funds and diverted focus of planners. Through this program, the rural road development programs will get more attention.

  • This program will help the rural people to get more opportunities, employment, education, health, and various other social welfare schemes.

  • This program ensures easy and fast connectivity of rural to urban areas.

  • The program provides connectivity which encourages the government functionaries like health workers, teachers, and agriculture extension workers to move to villages to offer better service to people.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana: Features

  • Access to market

  • Improved employment opportunities

  • Access to better Health care facilities especially for pregnant mothers and children.

  • Improved educational facilities especially for girl children.

  • Five-year maintenance along with initial construction. Maintenance is budgeted by the states. The provision of financial incentives for main works by MoRD was also provided to the states.

FAQs related to Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

Q1. What are the challenges of Gram Sadak Yojana? Ans. The challenge faced by the Gram Sadak Yojana is a paucity of funds, the maintenance of the roads built will need spending of ₹75,000-80,000 crore over five years from 2020-2021.

Q2. What is PMGSY? Ans. PMGSY stands for Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana. It is a nationwide plan in India to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages.

Lt. General Mohan Subramanian appointed as Force Commander of UN Mission in South Sudan

India’s ​Lieutenant General, Mohan Subramanian has been appointed the Force Commander in the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). He succeeds Lieutenant General Shailesh Tinaikar of India. United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres announced the appointment on July 5.

Almost 20,000 peacekeepers serve with the United Nations Mission in South Sudan to protect civilians and build durable peace in the conflict-affected country. The civilian, police and military personnel from 73 countries carry out many duties under the mandate provided by the United Nations Security Council.

Distinguished career:

  • Lieutenant General Subramanian has a distinguished military career with the Indian Army spanning over 36 years.

  • Most recently, he served as the General Officer Commanding, Military Region (Operational and Logistic Readiness Zone) in central India, contributing to the Army’s operational and logistic preparedness.

  • Previously, he has served as the Additional Director General for Procurement and Equipment Management at the Integrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence (Army) (2019-2021), General Officer Commanding a Strike Infantry Division (2018-2019), Deputy General Officer Commanding of Infantry Division (2015-2016) and Commander of a Mountain Brigade (2013-2014) among other appointments within the Indian Armed Forces.

  • He also served as India’s Defence Attaché to Viet Nam, Laos and Cambodia (2008-2012) and as a Staff Officer with the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone in 2000.

PM Narendra Modi launched the 125th Birth Anniversary Celebration of the Legendary Freedom Fighters Alluri Sitarama Raju in Bhimavaram

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the 125th birth anniversary celebration of the legendary freedom fighters Alluri Sitarama Raju in Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh. The occasion was facilitated by the Governor of Andhra Pradesh Shri Biswabhusan Harichandan, Chief Minister Shri Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy, and Union Minister Shri G. Kishan Reddy. Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the gathering and said that he feels privileged at getting an opportunity to salute the land of Andra Pradesh with such a rich legacy. It mentioned the major events like Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, the 125th birth anniversary of Alluri Sitarama Raju, and 100 years of Rampa Rebellion. Prime Minister Narendra Modi bowed and paid his tribute to “Manyam Veerdu” Alluri Sitarama Raju.

Prime minister Narendra Modi announced that the 125th birth anniversary of Alluri Sitarama Raju and the 100th anniversary of Rampa Kranti will be celebrated throughout the year. To make everyone aware of the legendary contribution of our freedom fighters, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the restoration of Alluri Sitarama Raju and Rampa Kranti’s birthplace at Pandrangi, renovation of Chintapalli police station, and construction of Alluri Dhyana Mandir at Mogallu. He also mentioned that Alluri Sitarama Raju Garu is not only a legendary freedom fighter but a symbol of India’s culture, tribal identity, valor, ideals, and values, and his sacrifice and life journey are an inspiration to all of us. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that Alluri Sitarama Raju dedicated his life to the rights of tribal society, their happiness and sorrow, and their freedom. He said, “Alluri Sitarama Raju represents the spirit of ‘Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’ that has been uniting the country in one thread of unity.”

Union Minister for Culture Shri G.K Reddy also facilitated the occasion and said, “Today, this effort under the leadership of our Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi Ji to recognize Alluri Sitarama Raju’s contribution in nation-building will enable a new generation to be aware of the heroic and the sacrifices made.” He also said, “The patriotic spark reinforced by Alluri Sitarama Raju and several other heroes like him across the nation, continues to thrive within us even today. One can sense his undying bravery from the fact that he would forewarn the British officers of an imminent attack and would challenge them to stop him with the resources that they had at hand”. “Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav has allowed us to celebrate the unsung, unknown and the underappreciated in a structured manner. It has enabled the government to come together at all levels along with the civil society, NGOs, spiritual organizations, and passionate individuals to recognize and remember the people and events that made us India.”

Important Facts about Alluri Sitarama Raju

  1. Alluri Sitarama Raju was an Indian revolutionary who fought against the British army by waging an armed campaign.

  2. He was named “Manyam Veerdu” which means Hero of the Jungle by the locals for his heroic exploits.

  3. He was born in Andhra Pradesh and he was involved in the freedom fight against the British during the 1882 Madras Forest Act.

  4. He inspired the tribals to fight back against injustice, under the influence of Gandhi’s Non-cooperation movement.

  5. In 1922, he led the Rampa Rebellion or the Manyam Rebellion.

  6. Alluri Sitarama Raju was taken into police custody in 1924 and was tied to a tree where he was shot by public execution.

India’s first autonomous navigation facility “TiHAN” launched at IIT Hyderabad

India’s first Autonomous Navigation facility, TiHAN inaugurated by Union Minister of State for Science & Technology, Jitendra Singh at the IIT Hyderabad campus. Developed at a budget of Rs. 130 crores by the Union Ministry of Science & Technology, TiHAN (Technology Innovation Hub on Autonomous Navigation) is a multidisciplinary initiative that will make India a global player in the futuristic and next generation ‘smart mobility’ technology.

India’s mobility sector is one of the world’s largest markets and the TiHAN – IITH will be the source of futuristic technology generation for autonomous vehicles. TiHAN Testbed will provide a unique platform for high quality research between academia, industry and R&D labs both at the national and international level, thus making India a global leader in autonomous navigation technologies.

Smriti Irani, Jyotiraditya Scindia get additional charges of Minority Affairs, Ministry of Steel

Union Ministers Smriti Irani and Jyotiraditya Scindia have been assigned additional charges of Minority Affairs and Ministry of Steel respectively after two Union Ministers Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi and Ram Chandra Prasad Singh resigned from the Union Council of Ministers, with immediate effect. Post their resignations, the President of India Ram Nath Kovind, as advised by PM Modi, accepted the resignations of Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi and Ram Chandra Prasad Singh from Union Council of Ministers. This is the first time two sitting ministers are out of both Houses of Parliament.

Recently, several BJP leaders were elected to Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan. However, the party did not give a Rajya Sabha ticket to Naqvi. Meanwhile, Nitish Kumar denied RCP Singh’s election to the Rajya Sabha.

PM to start three-day symposium on implementing the NEP

During his visit to Varanasi, his Lok Sabha district, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is anticipated to launch development projects worth more than Rs. 1,774 crore. He has been to the city twice in the last four months. Nine topics designated for higher education in the National Education Policy 2020 will be the subject of panel discussions. Modi will also inaugurate the Akhil Bharatiya Shiksha Samagam, which is being organised by the Union Education Ministry at the international cooperation and convention centre Rudraksh. Modi last visited Varanasi in March for a roadshow in preparation for the upcoming assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh.


  • The acceptance of the Varanasi Declaration on Higher Education is the focal point of the three-day summit. More than 300 academic, administrative, and institutional officials from universities and other important national institutions across the nation are participating in the event as part of a capacity-building initiative.

  • There will be panel discussions on the nine themes of multidisciplinary and holistic education, skill development and employability, research, innovation, and entrepreneurship, capacity building of teachers for quality education, quality, ranking, and accreditation, digital empowerment and online education, equitable and inclusive education, the Indian knowledge system, and internationalisation of higher education that have been identified for higher education under the National Education Policy 2020.

  • Top academics and education experts from around the nation will meet for a three-day conference, according to University Grants Commission (UGC) chairperson M Jagadesh Kumar. At a news conference held at Banaras Hindu University, he stated, “The subjects to be discussed include making the Indian educational system more egalitarian and accessible to all, internationalisation of Indian education, and popularising and promoting old Indian knowledge” (BHU).

  • Attendees will include Yogi Adityanath, the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, Anandiben Patel, the union education minister Dharmendra Pradhan, and Dr. K. Kasturirangan, the chairman of the NEP drafting committee.

  • A later exhibition on the different steps taken to implement NEP 2020, such as technical literature in regional languages, is anticipated.

South Indian Bank tie up with Kerala Forest & Wildlife Dept for digital payment collection

The South Indian Bank has signed an agreement with Kerala’s Forest and Wildlife Department to enable digital collection of payments at eco-tourism centres, Vanasree shops, mobile Vanasree units and eco-shops across the State. The Forest Department has set up Vanasree shops and units with the objective of marketing forest products, conserving and managing biodiversity, protecting the rich and sensitive ecosystem and uplifting the living standards of the tribals working in the area.

Through this partnership, the digital collection system of South Indian Bank will now be available at all 124 tourist spots that fall under the Forest Department. The tie-up will commence with the setting up of 124 POS machines at various eco-tourism centres, Vanasree shops, mobile Vanasree units and eco-shops under 36 forest department agencies across Kerala.


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