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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-7th October 2023

Nobel Peace Prize 2023 awarded to Narges Mohammadi

Narges Mohammadi “for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran and her fight to promote human rights and freedom for all”. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2023 to to Narges Mohammadi for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran and her fight to promote human rights and freedom for all. Her brave struggle has come with tremendous personal costs. Altogether, the regime has arrested her 13 times, convicted her five times, and sentenced her to a total of 31 years in prison and 154 lashes.

This year’s peace prize also recognises the hundreds of thousands of people who, in the preceding year, have demonstrated against Iran’s theocratic regime’s policies of discrimination and oppression targeting women. The motto adopted by the demonstrators – “Woman – Life – Freedom” – suitably expresses the dedication and work of Narges Mohammadi. Narges Mohammadi

  • Born: 21 April 1972, Zanjan, Iran

Facts on the Nobel Peace Prize

Number of Nobel Peace Prizes

103 Nobel Peace Prizes have been awarded since 1901. It was not awarded on 19 occasions: in 1914-1916, 1918, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1939-1943, 1948, 1955-1956, 1966-1967 and 1972.

Youngest peace laureate

To date, the youngest Nobel Peace Prize laureate is Malala Yousafzai, who was 17 years old when awarded the 2014 peace prize.

Oldest peace laureate

The oldest Nobel Peace Prize laureate to date is Joseph Rotblat, who was 87 years old when he was awarded the prize in 1995.

Multiple Nobel Peace Prize laureates

The work of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been honoured the most – three times – by a Nobel Peace Prize. In addition, the founder of the ICRC, Henry Dunant, was awarded the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901.

Nominated but not awarded

The three most common searches on individuals in the Nobel Peace Prize nomination database are Adolf Hitler, Mahatma Gandhi and Joseph Stalin.

Joseph Stalin, the Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922-1953), was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 and 1948 for his efforts to end World War II.

Mahatma Gandhi, one of the strongest symbols of non-violence in the 20th century, was nominated in 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947 and, finally, shortly before he was assassinated in January 1948. Although Gandhi was not awarded the prize (a posthumous award is not allowed by the statutes), the Norwegian Nobel Committee decided to make no award that year on the grounds that “there was no suitable living candidate”.

Adolf Hitler was nominated once in 1939. As unlikely as it may seem today, Adolf Hitler was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1939 by a member of the Swedish parliament, E.G.C. Brandt. Apparently, Brandt never intended the nomination to be taken seriously. Brandt was a dedicated antifascist and had intended this nomination more as a satiric criticism of the current political debate in Sweden. At the time, a number of Swedish parliamentarians had nominated then British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain for the Nobel Peace Prize, a nomination which Brandt viewed with great skepticism. However, Brandt’s satirical intentions were not well received and the nomination was swiftly withdrawn in a letter dated 1 February 1939.

PM Modi inaugurated the country’s first high-tech sports training center

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the country’s first high-tech sports training centre for Divyangjan, named after former Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. This initiative aims to provide equal opportunities in sports, enhance talent, and encourage participation in various sports disciplines. Divyangjan from all over the country can practice and train in the Atal Bihari Training Center for Divyang Sports.

The Atal Bihari Training Centre for Disability Sports is set to witness a momentous occasion as the Honourable Prime Minister will inaugurate the facility on 2nd October. This significant initiative underscores our nation’s commitment to promoting sports inclusivity and accessibility for all. The Atal Bihari Training Centre for Disability Sports represents a pivotal step towards providing equal opportunities in sports to individuals with disabilities, fostering their talents, and encouraging their participation in various sporting disciplines.

Facilities provided in the Atal Bihari Training Center

The Atal Bihari Training Centre for Disability Sports is a state-of-the-art facility dedicated to training and nurturing athletes with disabilities. It houses world-class infrastructure and coaching staff to provide the best possible training environment for differently-abled athletes.

It is an Autonomous body established by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan), Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Govt. of India.

The Centre is registered as a society under the M.P Societies Registration Act, 1973 dated: 22.09.2021, with authorities being Governing Body & Executive committee supervising the activities of the Centre.

The Centre functions with the following Aims and Objectives

  • To establish a state-of-the-art international level Centre of Excellence for sports for para sportspersons (PwDs) with fully accessibility as per norms.

  • To create specialized sports infrastructure so that the para sports persons can undergo rigorous and specialized training in the Centre.

  • To provide training facilities for Divyang sportspersons at par with the latest such facilities available elsewhere in the world.

  • To ensure participation of Divyangjan in sports activities in greater numbers and enable them to effectively compete in international events.

  • To help build confidence and develop a sense of belonging in Divyangjan to facilitate their integration in Society.

  • The cabinet has approved a budget of 151.16 cores, at an area of 34 acres, for setup of the Centre.

Ramaswamy N Appointed as Chairman and Managing Director of GIC Re

On October 4, 2023, the General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC Re) made a significant announcement regarding the appointment of its new Chairman and Managing Director (CMD), Ramaswamy N.. This appointment, effective from October 1, 2023, follows a decision by the Ministry of Finance, Government of India, and marks a transition in leadership at the renowned insurance institution.

New Leadership at GIC Re

GIC Re welcomed Ramaswamy N as its new Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) with effect from October 1, 2023. This appointment signifies a pivotal change in leadership within the organization.

The appointment of Ramaswamy N follows the standard succession planning procedures as Devesh Srivastava, the outgoing CMD, concluded his four-year term at the end of September 2023 upon reaching the age of 60.

In June 2023, the Financial Services Institution Bureau (FSIB) recommended Ramaswamy N as the ideal candidate to lead GIC Re. This recommendation, based on his extensive experience and qualifications, subsequently received the approval of the Finance Ministry.

Ramaswamy N’s Professional Journey

Ramaswamy N’s association with GIC Re dates back to 1988 when he joined as a direct recruit officer. Over the course of more than three decades, he has demonstrated unwavering commitment and expertise in various facets of non-life insurance.

  • During his tenure at GIC Re, Ramaswamy N has managed a diverse portfolio of non-life insurance classes, including Fire, Engineering, Miscellaneous, Motor, Liability, Aviation, Marine, and Agriculture. His broad experience has contributed to his comprehensive understanding of the insurance industry.

  • Ramaswamy N’s professional journey also includes a notable stint as the head of GIC Re’s UK branch. During this period, he played a pivotal role in the establishment of the Lloyds syndicate of GIC (GIC 1947), further enhancing the organization’s international presence.

  • The appointment of Ramaswamy N as the new Chairman and Managing Director of GIC Re marks a significant transition in leadership at the institution. With his extensive experience and contributions to the insurance industry, Ramaswamy N is poised to lead GIC Re into a new era of growth and excellence. His journey from a direct recruit officer to the helm of this esteemed organization serves as a testament to his dedication and expertise in the field.

Indian men’s hockey team Clinches Gold at Asian Games 2023

In a historic moment at the Gongshu Canal Sports Park Stadium in Hangzhou, the Indian men’s hockey team secured a remarkable victory over Japan, winning the gold medal and earning a coveted spot at the Paris 2024 Olympics. This article delves into the thrilling final match, the outstanding performances of key players, and India’s exceptional journey throughout the Asian Games 2023.

The Gold Medal Match

In a highly anticipated showdown, India defeated Japan with a commanding scoreline of 5-1 in the Asian Games 2023 men’s hockey final. This victory not only clinched the gold medal but also ensured a place in the upcoming Olympics.

Goals Galore

  • Manpreet Singh (25’): The Indian captain opened the scoring with a brilliant goal, setting the tone for the match.

  • Harmanpreet Singh (32′, 59’’): Harmanpreet Singh’s exceptional skills led to two crucial goals, bolstering India’s lead.

  • Amit Rohidas (36’): Amit Rohidas displayed his prowess with a well-executed goal, further widening the gap.

  • Abhishek (48’): Abhishek contributed to the goal tally with a superb strike.

  • Tanaka Seren (51’): Tanaka Seren netted the lone goal for Japan, showcasing their resilience.

Olympic Qualification

With this impressive win, the Indian men’s hockey team secured a berth at the Paris 2024 Olympics, promising an exciting journey ahead.

Road to Glory

This victory marks the Indian men’s hockey team’s fourth gold medal at the Asian Games, following triumphs in 1966, 1988, and 2014 editions. Their consistent excellence continues to shine on the international stage.

Undefeated Streak

Under the guidance of coach Craig Fulton, the Indian team concluded Hangzhou 2023 with a flawless record. They topped Pool A with victories in all their group games and overcame the Republic of Korea 5-3 in the semi-finals, showcasing their dominance throughout the tournament.

INDIA GETS 100 MEDALs AT THE ASIAN Games 2023, First Time in History

India made history on October 7, 2023, by winning its 100th medal at the Asian Games for the first time ever. This is a remarkable achievement, and it is a testament to the hard work and dedication of Indian athletes and coaches. India’s 100th medal was won by the women’s kabaddi team, who defeated Chinese Taipei 26-25 in a thrilling final. This medal was fittingly won by a team that has been so dominant in kabaddi over the years.

India’s success at the Asian Games is a sign of the growing strength of Indian sport. India has consistently improved its performance at the Games over the years, and it is now one of the leading nations in Asian sport. India’s 100th medal at the Asian Games is a historic moment, and it is a moment that will be celebrated by all Indians. It is an inspiration to us all, and it shows us that anything is possible if we set our minds to it.

Veteran Communist Party Leader Anathalavattom Anandan Passed Away

Veteran CPI(M) leader and former legislator Anathalavattom Anandan, who played a key role in building the trade union base for the party in the state, passed away at a hospital on Thursday. He was 86 years old. Anandan’s demise occurred while he was undergoing treatment at the Government Medical College hospital in Kerala for a prolonged illness.

Early Life and Entry into Politics

Anathalavattom Anandan was born in Varkala, Thiruvananthapuram district, in 1937. His journey in the world of politics began in 1954 when he actively participated in an agitation advocating for higher wages for coir workers in his village. This early involvement laid the foundation for his lifelong dedication to the welfare of the working class.

In 1956, Anandan became a member of the undivided Communist Party of India (CPI) and remained steadfast even after the party split in 1964. His commitment to the principles of communism and his passion for workers’ rights were unwavering.

Building the Trade Union Base

Anandan’s significance in Kerala’s political landscape was primarily attributed to his role in building the trade union base for the Communist Party of India (Marxist) – CPI(M). His tireless efforts and dedication to the cause of the working class played a pivotal role in strengthening the party’s presence in the state.

As the state president of the Centre of Indian Trade Union (CITU), Anandan led numerous agitations and campaigns, advocating for the rights of workers across various sectors, both organized and unorganized. His leadership and ability to mobilize workers contributed significantly to the growth of the CPI(M) in Kerala.

A Legislative Journey

Anathalavattom Anandan was not just a trade union leader; he was also a respected legislator. He was elected to the state assembly from the Attingal constituency three times, representing the people’s interests and championing the cause of the working class. His tenure in the legislative assembly, spanning 1987, 1996, and 2007, demonstrated his commitment to serving the people of Kerala.

A Voice in Debates

Anandan’s influence extended beyond the realm of trade unions and legislative chambers. He was a prominent face of the CPI(M) in televised debates, where he eloquently articulated the party’s positions and engaged in constructive dialogues on various political issues. His ability to communicate effectively made him a recognizable figure in Kerala’s political discourse.

Farewell and Condolences

Leaders from across the political spectrum, including Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan, Finance Minister K N Balagopal, Leader of Opposition in the state assembly V D Satheesan, and BJP state chief K Surendran, have expressed their condolences on the passing of Anandan. His legacy as a trade unionist, legislator, and CPI(M) stalwart will be remembered for generations to come, and his contributions to the betterment of the working class in Kerala will continue to inspire many.

Sarakka Central Tribal University approved for Telangana

On October 4th, the Union Cabinet approved the establishment of a tribal university in Telangana, named The Sarakka Central Tribal University. This university, with a budget of Rs 889 crore, will be located in Mulugu district.

The initiative was a commitment made by the Central government as a part of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, which aimed to support both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in establishing tribal universities.

Challenges Faced

The Telangana tribal university project faced significant challenges, primarily related to land allocation. Securing 500-600 acres of land for the university proved to be a time-consuming process.

Honoring Local Legends

  • During a recent visit to Telangana, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the university would be named after Sammakka-Sarakka, a revered mother-daughter duo in the local tribal community.

  • The decision to name the university after them is significant, as it connects the institution with local traditions and legends.

The Legend of Sammakka-Sarakka

  • Sammakka-Sarakka, a mother-daughter duo, holds a special place in the local tribal folklore.

  • Sammakka, married to Pagididda Raju, a Kakatiya dynasty chief, played a pivotal role in protesting against oppressive taxes imposed by local rulers.

  • Sarakka, one of her daughters, lost her life in the battle, and Sammakka disappeared into the hills, believed to have transformed into a vermillion casket.

Sammakka Saralamma Jatara:

  • Mulugu hosts a biennial festival called the Sammakka Saralamma Jatara, one of the largest gatherings of tribal people globally.

  • This event commemorates the bravery of the 13th-century mother-daughter duo in their struggle against tax imposition on the Koya people.

  • The Jatara begins at Medaram and involves rituals conducted by Koya priests following their customs.

  • Over the years, the festival has grown in scale and is now considered one of the largest tribal festivals in the world.

Growth and Recognition

The Sammakka Sarakka Jathara has gained immense popularity, attracting around 1.5 crore devotees from various tribal and non-tribal communities, including regions like Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Jharkhand. It is often likened to the Kumbh Mela of the tribals.

Government Support

  • Both the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and the Telangana state government actively participate in the festival.

  • Financial support is extended to ensure the smooth organization of the event, including community shelters and infrastructure development in the Medaram area.

Infrastructure Development

  • The Ministry of Tourism, as part of the Tribal Circuit under the Swadesh Darshan Scheme, has sanctioned funds for the integrated development of a tribal circuit, encompassing Mulugu-Laknavaram-Medavaram-Tadvai-Damaravi-Mallur-Bogatha Waterfalls, where the Sammakka-Sarakka temple is located.

  • This investment aims to enhance the overall tourism potential of the region.

Indian Women’s Kabaddi Team Clinches Gold at Asian Games 2023

In a heart-pounding final showdown at the Xiaoshan Guali Sports Centre in Hangzhou, the Indian women’s kabaddi team emerged victorious against a determined Chinese Taipei, securing the gold medal in the Asian Games 2023. This article unravels the thrilling journey of the Indian women’s kabaddi team, their remarkable performance, and their significant achievement in Asian Games history.

The Gold Medal Match

In a fiercely contested match, the Indian women’s kabaddi team clinched the gold medal by defeating Chinese Taipei with a nail-biting score of 26-25. This triumph marks their third gold medal in Asian Games history.

A Glorious History

  • The Indian women’s kabaddi team previously secured gold at Guangzhou 2010. They defended their title at Incheon 2014. In Jakarta 2018, they finished as runners-up.

  • Chinese Taipei showcased their growth in kabaddi by upgrading their bronze medal from Jakarta 2018 to silver in the Asian Games 2023.

Key Players Shine

Pushpa Rana and Pooja Hathwala, known for their consistent performance, played pivotal roles, contributing significantly to India’s points during the group stage.

A Thrilling Encounter

  • Chinese Taipei’s Hsiu-Chen Feng stunned the two-time champions with a super raid, leveling the scores at 5-5.

  • Notably, India and Chinese Taipei had previously played out an electrifying 34-34 draw in the group stage.

Semifinal Triumphs

  • India secured their spot in the final by defeating Nepal in the semifinals.

  • Chinese Taipei showcased their prowess by overcoming the 2018 champions, Iran, in the semifinals, earning their place in the gold medal match.

Future Prospects

The inclusion of women’s kabaddi in the program for the 2026 Asian Games, to be held in Japan, promises an exciting future for the sport and further opportunities for teams to shine on the international stage.


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