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Important Current Affairs for CLAT-8th August 2023

New COVID variant Eris spreading rapidly in UK; know signs and symptoms

A new COVID variant Eris or EG.5.1 is rapidly spreading across the country United Kingdom. Startlingly, one out of every seven COVID-19 cases in the UK is now linked to this variant. The spread of Eris is not limited only to UK but also across Europe, Asia and North America, marking its impact globally.

What is Eris?

Eris is a new variant of COVID-19 virus that has been identified in the UK. It is also known as EG.5.1. This variant is causing concern as it is spreading at a faster rate not only in UK but also across Europe, Asia and North America, marking its impact globally. It is spreading quickly and become a significant contributor to COVID-19 cases in the UK.

UK Health Security Agency’s Findings

According to the UK Health Security Agency, around 11.8% of the sequences in the UK were identified as EG.5.1 in the second week of July. The agency began closely monitoring Eris on July 3, due to increasing reports globally, especially in Asia. It was later recognised as a variant on 31st July as it was spreading rapidly, even in the UK.

The new variant now makes up one out of seven new COVID cases. As per a report on August 3, 5.4% of 4,396 respiratory specimens reported through the Respiratory DataMart System were identified as COVID-19.

Factors responsible for widespread Eris

The Eris variant is believed to have originated from the Omicron lineage of the COVID-19. Factors such as the virus’s ability to adapt to different conditions, including human immune responses, might contribute to its emergence and rapid spread.

Additionally, external factors like weather conditions, population density and public behaviour can also play a role in the spread of variants.


As of now, specific symptoms of the Eris variant have not been definitively identified, some of the common symptoms are:

  • Fever

  • Cough

  • Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing

  • Fatigue

  • Muscle or body ache

  • Loss of taste or smell

  • Headache

  • Sore throat

Precautionary measures

Some of the precautionary measures for the Eris variant are as follows:

  • Get vaccinated and consider boosters

  • Wear masks

  • Maintain physical distance

  • Practice good hand hygiene

  • Avoid crowded places

  • Stay informed about the local guidelines

World Nagasaki Day 2023: Date, Significance and History

Nagasaki Day, observed annually on August 9th, holds a somber significance in global history. It marks the day when the Japanese city of Nagasaki was devastated by an atomic bomb during World War II. This day serves as a reminder of the immense destructive power of nuclear weapons and the need for lasting peace.

The Bombing of Nagasaki: A Glimpse into History

Background of World War II: As World War II raged on, the United States, along with its allies, sought to end the conflict with Japan. The decision to use atomic bombs was driven by the desire to expedite Japan’s surrender and avoid a protracted, costly invasion.

The First Atomic Bomb: Hiroshima, another Japanese city, became the first target of an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945. The destruction caused by the bomb prompted global shock and horror, leading to calls for Japan’s surrender.

The Fateful Day: On August 9, 1945, a second atomic bomb, codenamed “Fat Man,” was dropped on Nagasaki. The bomb detonated above the city, causing widespread devastation and loss of life.

Devastation and Aftermath

Immediate Impact: The explosion obliterated large parts of Nagasaki, instantly killing tens of thousands of people. The intense heat and radiation unleashed by the bomb inflicted severe burns and injuries on survivors.

Long-Term Consequences: The survivors of the Nagasaki bombing, known as “hibakusha,” faced enduring health issues due to radiation exposure, including cancers, birth defects, and other ailments. The city itself suffered from extensive damage, leading to economic and social challenges.

Global Response and Calls for Peace

Worldwide Outrage: The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki generated worldwide outrage and debate about the morality of using such devastating weapons. Many questioned the ethics of targeting civilian populations and the long-lasting environmental and human consequences.

The Path to Peace: The horrors of Nagasaki and Hiroshima played a significant role in shaping the post-war world order. Efforts to prevent further nuclear devastation culminated in the establishment of organizations such as the United Nations and initiatives to promote disarmament and non-proliferation.

Commemoration and Lessons for the Future

Remembering the Victims: Nagasaki Day serves as a solemn remembrance of the lives lost and the suffering endured by the people of Nagasaki. Memorial ceremonies, peace rallies, and artistic expressions pay tribute to the resilience and spirit of the survivors.

Advocating for Peace: In the face of global tensions and the persistent threat of nuclear conflict, Nagasaki Day underscores the importance of pursuing diplomatic solutions, dialogue, and disarmament. It urges nations to prioritize cooperation, understanding, and the pursuit of a world free from the specter of nuclear warfare.


Nagasaki Day stands as a poignant reminder of the catastrophic impact of nuclear weapons and the urgent need to prevent their use in the future. As the world reflects on the tragic events of August 9, 1945, it is a time to recommit to the pursuit of peace, unity, and the preservation of human lives. By learning from the past and advocating for a world without nuclear weapons, we honor the memory of the victims and work towards a brighter, safer future for all.

SC to Appoint All-Woman Panel to Oversee Relief in Manipur

Chief Justice of India, D.Y. Chandrachud has announced the formation of an all-women panel to help bring healing and relief to the violence-stricken region in Manipur. The panel will consist of three former High Court judges, with Justice Gita Mittal as its head. The panel aims to provide healing touch to the situation in Manipur.

Member of the committee

The all-women committee consists of three experienced former High Court judges:

  • Justice Gita Mittal, who was a former Chief Justice of the Jammu & Kashmir High Court.

  • Justice Shalini Phansalkar Joshi, a retired Bombay High Court judge.

  • Justice Asha Menon, a former Delhi High Court Judge.

Work of All-Women Panel

The committee’s main task is to oversee relief and rehabilitation efforts, restore homes and places of worship and improve the overall relief work in the violent-affected areas. This broad-based committee will focus on addressing the various aspects of the situation in Manipur and bring about positive changes.

Monitoring the investigation

Chief Justice, D.Y. Chandrachud also appointed a retired IPS officer, Dattatray Padsalgikar to monitor the investigation of the cases that has been arisen from the violence. Over 6,500 FIRs have been filed from May to July in Manipur.

Outside oversight

Director General of Police (DGP) from six different states will nominate six Deputy Inspector General (DIG) rank officers each to supervise the Special Investigation Teams (SITs) formed for these cases. The aim is to create multiple layers of monitoring to ensure a fair and thorough investigation.

The Situation in Manipur

According to the present status report by the State government, the violence in Manipur has led to 150 deaths, with numerous incidents occurring between May and June. The clashes resulted in injuries to 502 people and 5,107cases of arson. The report stated that 252 individuals have been arrested, with an additional 12,740 arrests as a preventive measure.

IndiaFirst Life Insurance launches new G.O.L.D. plan

In a move to provide enhanced financial security and stable income to its policyholders, IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company has recently launched a groundbreaking insurance product – the Guarantee of Life Dreams (G.O.L.D.) Plan. This non-linked and non-participating insurance plan is designed to offer regular, long-term income to policyholders to ensure a prosperous and worry-free future.

Flexible Premium Payment Terms for Diverse Needs

One of the standout features of the G.O.L.D. Plan is its flexibility in premium payment terms. Policyholders can choose from premium payment terms of 6, 8, or 10 years, depending on their financial preferences and goals. This tailored approach allows individuals to align their premium payments with their current financial situation while enjoying the benefits of a comprehensive insurance plan.

Extended Policy Terms for Lifelong Security

Understanding the importance of long-term financial planning, IndiaFirst Life Insurance offers policy terms of 30 years and 40 years for the G.O.L.D. Plan. This extended coverage ensures that policyholders can enjoy the fruits of their financial decisions well into their retirement years, allowing them to live their dreams without worries.

Starting Premiums as Low as ₹4,176 per Month

The G.O.L.D. Plan’s affordability makes it accessible to a wide range of individuals seeking reliable financial protection. With a starting premium as low as ₹4,176 per month, policyholders can embark on their journey towards financial security without straining their budgets. Furthermore, the plan provides the flexibility to choose between annual and installment-based premium payments, accommodating different financial preferences.

About IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company

  • IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company was established in November 2009 and is headquartered in Mumbai. It is one of the fastest growing player in the private life insurance sector.

  • The company follows the “Bancassurance” or Bank Insurance Model, leveraging the customer networks of its partner banks. Its key stakeholders encompass Bank of Baroda, Union Bank of India, and Legal & General Middle East Limited.

  • IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company Limited has demonstrated rapid growth, ensuring its position as one of India’s swiftly expanding private life insurance providers.

Cambodian King appoints Hun Sen’s son as new Prime Minister

Cambodia’s King appointed Hun Sen’s son the country’s new leader, beginning a handover of power that ends nearly four decades of rule, but the outgoing Premier promised this was “not the end” of his political career. King Norodom Sihamoni issued a royal decree appointing Hun Manet as Prime Minister, after Mr. Hun Sen had announced last month that he was stepping down and handing power to his eldest son.

Mr. Hun Sen, one of the world’s longest­serving leaders — made the announcement days after a landslide victory in July polls that were widely decried as a sham, after main challenger the Candlelight Party was barred from participating.

To assume the post, 45­year­old Mr. Hun Manet and his Cabinet must win an August 22 vote in Parliament, where his father’s Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) has all but five of 125 seats in the lower house. Mr. Hun Sen has for years pursued a ruthless campaign against any Opposition, banning parties and forcing adversaries to flee abroad. While insisting he would not interfere with his son’s rule, Mr. Hun Sen promised on Monday he would continue to play a prominent political role.

What is Delhi Services Bill? How this Bill will Impact Governance of Capital?

The Delhi Services Bill, officially known as the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2023 has been passed with total 131 votes votes in favour and 102 against in Rajya Sabha. It aims to replace an existing ordinance that has caused conflicts between the Aam Aadmi Party, led by the Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal and the Central Government.

The bill was introduced by the Union Home Minister, Amit Shah, in the Lok Sabha on August 3, 2023. It was passed by the Lok Sabha on August 6, 2023, and by the Rajya Sabha on August 7, 2023. The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2023, also known as the Delhi Services Bill, was passed by the Indian Parliament on August 7, 2023. The bill gives the central government control over the appointment, transfer, and posting of all bureaucrats in the Delhi government.

Background of Delhi Services Bill

On 11 May, the Supreme Court granted the government of Delhi control over most services in the capital, except for public order, land and public matters. However, on 19 May, the Central Government introduced an ordinance that allowed the Delhi government to recommend matters related to transfer of postings, vigilance and other issues to the Delhi Lieutenant Government.

The Central Government’s ordinance was criticized by the AAP Government for attempting to control law and order and the bureaucracy in Delhi. The Delhi Service Bill was introduced to convert the ordinance into law, granting power to the centrally appointed bureaucrats to overrule the elected CM and senior officers in the Delhi Government.

Features of the Delhi Services Bill

  • The Delhi Services Bill puts inquiries and suspension of officials in Delhi under the control of the central government.

  • The Lieutenant Government will have sole discretion over various matters including recommendations from the National Capital Civil Service Authority and decision related to the Delhi Legislative Assembly.

  • The National Capital Civil Service Authority will comprise the Chief Secretary of Delhi, the Principal Home Secretary of Delhi and the Delhi Chief Minister.

Here are some of the key provisions of the Delhi Services Bill

  • The bill gives the central government control over the appointment, transfer, and posting of all bureaucrats in the Delhi government.

  • The bill also gives the central government the power to create new posts and abolish existing posts in the Delhi government.

  • The bill provides for a Joint Selection Committee (JSC) to be constituted for the appointment of bureaucrats in the Delhi government. The JSC will have equal representation from the central government and the Delhi government.

  • The bill also provides for a mechanism for the resolution of disputes between the central government and the Delhi government on matters related to the appointment, transfer, and posting of bureaucrats.

Criticism of Delhi Services Bill

  • Opposition leaders, including Congress MP Shashi Tharoor, argue that the bill undermines the separation of powers and federalism.

  • Tharoor claims that the bill is an assault on democratic history and federal spirit.

  • Other leaders assert that the bill seeks to diminish the powers of an elected government.

Government’s Response on Delhi Services Bill

The Government of India has defended the Delhi Services Bill, 2023, saying that it is necessary to ensure the smooth functioning of the administration in Delhi. The government has also said that the bill does not take away any powers from the Delhi government, but only clarifies the existing arrangements.

In a statement, the Ministry of Home Affairs said that the bill “is aimed at bringing clarity in the existing arrangement for the appointment, transfer and posting of officers in the Delhi government”. The ministry said that the bill “does not in any manner take away the powers of the Delhi government”.

Chhattisgarh CM transfers Rs 15 crore as part of Godhan Nyay Yojana

As part of the flagship Godhan Nyay Yojna (GNY) initiated by the Chhattisgarh government, Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel conducted online transfers exceeding Rs 15 crore to support cattle rearers, women’s self-help groups (SHGs), and ‘gauthan’ committees.

This initiative has empowered SHG women and surged farmer engagement in cattle rearing. The program has garnered national recognition, inspiring other states to adopt similar initiatives.

Distribution of Funds under the Godhan Nyay Yojna: Supporting Cattle Rearers, Gauthan Committees, and Women SHGs

Out of the total amount of Rs 15.29 crore, an allocation of Rs 5.60 crore was directed towards the bank accounts of cattle rearers as compensation for the cow dung they supplied to gauthans, which serve as centers for caring for cattle in rural areas.

Additionally, a sum of Rs 9.69 crore was distributed to gauthan committees and women-led self-help groups (SHGs) affiliated with gauthans, as a part of the program’s provisions.

Godhan Nyaya Yojana: Fostering Agricultural Innovation

Introduced in July 2020 by the Chhattisgarh government, the Godhan Nyaya Yojana involves the procurement of cow dung at a rate of Rs. 2 per kg within the state’s gauthans.

Godhan Nyaya Yojana: Economic Empowerment and Sustainable Production

  • Within the gauthans, women’s groups are harnessing cow dung obtained via the program to produce substantial amounts of vermi-compost, super compost, and various other products. These goods are subsequently made available to government departments and farmers at reduced prices through cooperative societies.

  • In addition to these efforts, women’s groups are generating profits by crafting and selling cow-based products like cow cast, diyas, incense sticks, and idols, alongside utilizing cow dung for manure.

  • These groups are also actively involved in diverse income-generating activities, including vegetable and mushroom cultivation, poultry, goat farming, fisheries, and animal husbandry within the gauthans.


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